Images de page
PDF
ePub

4. Adjectives in xhange the into se in the feminine; if monosyllabies. into sse. is. —

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

5. Adjectives in er and et take e in the feminine, and have a grave accent upon the last syllable but one, as :—

[blocks in formation]

6. Adjectives in c, of which there are only a few, change the e into che in the feminine, as :—

[blocks in formation]

Other Adjectives in e, change the e into que, as :—

[blocks in formation]

Except Gree, Greek, which makes grecque.

7. The following Adjectives differ slightly in the Feminine from the above rules:

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Obs. These five Adjectives have kept also the Masculine old forms:-bel, nouvel, mol, fol, and vieil, which are used only before Masculine Nouns beginning with a vowel or h mute, as :

[blocks in formation]

9. Adjectives in eur mostly form their feminine in euse; those in teur form their feminine in trice, as :

[blocks in formation]

B. FORMATION OF THE PLURAL OF ADJECTIVES.

GENERAL RULE.-The Plural of Adjectives, both Masculine and Feminine, is formed, like that of Substantives, by adding s to the Singular, as :

[blocks in formation]

1. Adjectives in s and x remain unchanged in the Plural Masculine, as :

[blocks in formation]

2. Adjectives in au add x in the Plural Masculine, as :

beau,

nouveau,

beaux,
nouveaux,

beautiful.

new.

3. Adjectives in al generally change al into aux in the Plural Masculine, as :

[blocks in formation]

C. AGREEMENT OF ADJECTIVES AND SUBSTANTIVES.

Adjectives agree with their Substantives in gender and number, whether they are placed before or after the Substantives, as :

la grande maison,

la maison est grande,

les grandes maisons,

les maisons sont grandes,

the large house.
the house is large.
the large houses.
the houses are large.

EXERCISE XII.

A.

2. Ma maison est petite.

1. Le jardin de mon père est grand. 3. La maison du général est grande. 4. La mère de l'enfant est très-pauvre. 5. Ma fortune était-elle grande? 6. Non, elle n'était pas grande; elle était petite. 7. Les écoliers sont appliqués; les écolières sont aussi appliquées. 8. La nouvelle est-elle vraie? Non, elle n'est pas vraie. 9. Mes enfants sont très-heureux, ils ont beaucoup de joujoux. 10. Avez-vous vu les beaux arbres dans le jardin ? 11. Non, je n'ai pas encore été dans le jardin. 12. La fille du voisin est muette.

1. My garden is small. 2. The house of my brother is great. 3. The house of the cousin is small. 4. The general is very (très) poor. 5. The children of the general are very poor. 6. Is the fortune of my mother great? No, it is not great; it is small. 7. The trees of the garden are beautiful. 8. The scholar (masc.) is diligent; the scholar (fem.) is also diligent. 9. The son of the neighbour is dumb. 10. The daughters of the general are also dumb. 11. Have you seen the great house of the general? 12. No, I have not yet seen the great house of the general.

B.

1. Le roi est bon; la reine est bonne aussi. 2. La femme n'est pas sotte. 3. La fille est très-vive; la mère est très-active. 4. Le chapeau est-il neuf? Non, il n'est pas neuf. 5. Mon oncle a une jolie maison et un grand jardin. 6. Le lait est frais; l'eau n'est pas fraîche. 7. La plume est trop molle, elle n'est pas bonne. 8. Mon grand-père est vieux. 9. Ma grand'mère est aussi très-vieille. 10. Quel âge a-t-elle ? Elle a quatre-vingt-deux ans. 11. Caroline est très-paresseuse. 12. Les filles ne sont pas heureuses; elles sont très-malheureuses.

1. The kings are good; the queens are also good. 2. The women are not foolish. 3. The daughters are very active. 4. Are the hats new? No, they are not new. 5. My father has a great house and a pretty garden. 6. The pens are too soft; they are not good. 7. Is the milk'fresh? 8. How old is he? (say, What age has he?) He is three years old (say, He has three years). 9. Frederick is idle. 10. The girls are very (très) idle. 11. My grandmother is not happy; she is very unhappy. 12. My grandfather is not happy; he is very unhappy.

C.

1. La médecine n'était pas bonne; elle était très-amère. 2. Nous ne sommes pas malheureux, nous ne sommes pas malades. 3. Vous seriez aimables, si (if) vous étiez appliquées. 4. Voici une jolie maison, elle est encore neuve. 5. L'église est vieille. 6. Les chevaux sont vieux. 7. Les châteaux sont très-beaux. 8. La fille du général est muette. 9. Ils ne sont pas obéissants. 10. La robe est-elle vieille ou (or) neuve? Elle n'est pas vieille; elle est neuve.

1. The medicine is not good; it is very bitter. 2. The girls are not unhappy: they are not ill. 3. The girl would be amiable if she was diligent. 4. Here is (voici) a great house; it is still new. 5. The churches are old. 6. The houses are very beautiful. 7. The daughters of the general are dumb. 8. The girls are not obedient. 9. The girls are very idle. 10. Are the dresses old or new? They are not old; they are new.

D. POSITION OF THE ADJECTIVE.

Most Adjectives in French are placed after their Substantives, as :

[blocks in formation]

But the following Adjectives are placed before their Substantives :—

[blocks in formation]

that is, “I have a part or portion of good wine," &c.

But if the adjective is placed after the noun, then the article is used, as :

j'ai du vin rouge,

j'ai de la bière forte,
j'ai des pommes mûres,

NOTE 2.-Cher has a different

FR. P.

I have red wine.
I have strong beer.
I have ripe apples.

meaning when placed before

D

or after its substantive. Such is also the case with grand, when placed before or after the substantive homme, as :—

[blocks in formation]

1. J'aime le bon vin et la bonne bière. 2. Je n'aime pas la mauvaise bière. 3. J'ai un beau cheval. 4. Nous avons vu hier une belle montre d'or. 5. Les roses sont de jolies fleurs. 6. Le petit Charles est un méchant garçon. 7. La voisine est très-méchante. 8. J'ai de meilleur papier et de meilleure encre. 9. Nous avons vu

un vieux château et une vieille église. 10. Mon voisin a un habit bleu et un chapeau gris. 11. Ma mère a une robe noire. 12. Avezvous du papier bleu? Oui, Monsieur, j'ai du papier bleu et du papier rouge.

1. I do not like bad beer. 2. I have two beautiful horses. 3. I have seen yesterday two beautiful gold watches. 4. Do you see the beautiful flowers? 5. The merchant has beautiful countryhouses and beautiful gardens. 6. The little Emily is very wicked. 7. The father has wicked children. 8. Have you better paper and better ink? 9. I have seen an old church. 10. My uncle has a grey coat and a white hat. 11. The paper is white, and the ink is black. 12. Have you, Madam, black dresses? 13. Have you black ink? Yes, sir, I have black ink and red ink.

B.

1. J'ai des raisins doux. 2. Les jeunes gens sont à Londres. 3. La couleur verte est la couleur de la nature. 4. Le voisin a un habit bleu. 5. J'ai une table ronde; elle est très-belle, mais elle est chère. 6. Nous avons pour demain un thème difficile; hier nous eûmes un thème facile. 7. Monsieur Johnson est un homme actif; mais son (his) frère est un homme paresseux. 8. Avez-vous de bonne encre? 9. J'aime la langue française. 10. J'aime aussi (also) la musique italienne.

1. Have you sweet grapes? Yes, sir, I have sweet grapes. 2. The young girl is in London. 3. My neighbour has a green coat and a grey hat. 4. We have two round tables; they are very beautiful, but they are dear. 5. Emily is an idle girl. 6. The children are idle. 7. I like the Italian music. 8. I like also the French language. 9. Have you good paper and good ink?

C.

1. Avez-vous des noix mûres? Elles ne sont pas encore mûres. 2. Quand (when?) seront-elles mûres? Dans trois jours. 3. Aimezvous la musique allemande? J'aime la musique italienne. 4. Le marchand a-t-il de bon beurre? Son (his) beurre n'est pas frais.

« PrécédentContinuer »