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Counsellor, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom,—to establish it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth, even for ever (Isaiah ix. 6, 7). “ There shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots : and the spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might.” “Righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and truth the girdle of his reins.” “And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse which shall stand for an ensign of the people : to it shall the Gentiles seek : and his rest shall be glorious” (Isaiah xi. 1, 2, 5, 10). “Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land, from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion.” “And in mercy shall the throne be established : and he shall sit upon it in truth, in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness (Isaiah xvi. 1, 5). “ It shall be said in that day, Lo ! This is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us : this is Jehovah; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation” (Isaiah xxv. 9). “ The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of Jehovah, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.” “The glory of Jehovah shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.” “Behold, the Lord Jehovah will come with a strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him.” “He shall feed his flock like a shepherd” (Isaiah xl. 3, 5, 10, 11). “Behold-my elect in whom my soul delighteth.' « I Jehovah have called thee in righteousness, and will give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; to open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prisonhouse. I am Jehovah, that is my name, and my glory will I not give to another” (Isaiah xlii. 1, 6–8). “Who hath believed our report, and to whom is the arm of Jehovah revealed ?" “He hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him there is no beauty—." « He hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows (Isaiah liii. 1, 2, 4).
" Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah -travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” “For the day of vengeance is in my heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.” “ So he was their Saviour" (Isaiah lxiii. 1, 4, 8). “Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will raise unto David a righteous branch, and a king shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth; and this is his name whereby he shall be called : Jehovah our righteousness” (Jer. xxiii. 5, 6, and xxxiii. 15, 16). “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem : behold, thy king cometh unto
thec: he is just, and having salvation."
“He shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth” (Zechariah ix. 9, 10). “Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion, for lo ! I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee.-And
many nations shall be joined to Jehovah in that day, and shall be my people” (ii. 10, 11). But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah; yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me, that is to be Ruler in Israel, whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.' shall stand and feed in the strength of Jehovah” (Micah v. 2, 4). “Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and Jehovah whom ye seek shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come.—But who may abide the day of his coming ?” “Behold, I will send unto you Elijah the prophet, before the coming of the great and dreadful day of Jehovah” (Malachi iii. 1, 2, and iv.5). “I saw,—and behold, one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven ;-and and there was given him dominion, glory, and a kingdom, that all people, and nations, and languages, should serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” all dominions shall serve and obey him” (Dan. vii. 13, 14, 27).
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression,—and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy. Know, therefore, and understand, that from the going-forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem, unto the Messiah the prince, shall be seven weeks" (Dan. ix. 24, 25). “I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers. He shall
cry unto me, Thou art my Father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. Also I will make him my First-born, higher than the kings of the earth.” “ His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven” (Psalm lxxxix. 25—27, 29). "Jehovah said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. Jehovah shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion; rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedeck” Psalm cx. 1, 2, 4; see Matt. xxii. 44, Luke xx. 42). “I have set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: Jehovah hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; This day have I begotten thee.--I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.” “Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way.—Blessed are all they that put their trust in him” (Psalm ii. 6-8, 12). “Thou hast made him a little lower than the angels; and hast crowned him with glory
and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands: thou hast put all things under his feet" (Psalm viii. 5, 6). “ Jehovah, remember David :- how he swear unto Jehovah, and vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob : Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed; I will not give sleep to mine eyes,-until I find out a place for Jehovah, a habitation for the mighty God of Jacob. Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah, we found it in the fields of the wood. We will go into his tabernacles : we will worship at his footstool.-Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness, and let thy saints shout for joy” (Psalm cxxxii. 1, 7, 9). But these passages are but few compared to what might be adduced.
7. That the whole Sacred Scripture treats solely concerning the Lord, will more fully appear from what follows, and is more particularly shewn in The Treatise on the Sacred Scripture. In this circumstance alone the sanctity of the Word is grounded. This is also signified by these words in the Apocalypse: “ The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy” (xix. 10).
BY THE LORD'S FULFILLING ALL THE CONTENTS OF THE LAW,
IS MEANT, THAT HE FULFILLED ALL THE CONTENTS OF THE WORD.
8. It is supposed by many at this day, that when it is said of the Lord, that he fulfilled the law, the meaning of this expression is, that he fulfilled all the commandments of the Decalogue, and that thus he became righteousness; and it is further supposed, that by the belief of this on the part of mankind, he justifies them, that is, makes them righteous also. Nevertheless, this is not the meaning of that expression; but its real signification is, that he fulfilled all things which are written concerning him in the law and the prophets, that is, in the whole sacred Scripture, because this treats of him alone, as was observed in the foregoing section. The reason why many have entertained a different belief is, because they have not searched the Scriptures and seen what is there meant by the law. By the law are therein signified, in a strict sense, the ten commandments of the Decalogue; in a more extensive sense, all things that are written in the five books of Moses; and in the most extensive sense, all things that are contained in the Word.
I. That by the law, in a strict sense, are meant the Ten Commandments of the Decalogue, is a thing generally acknowledged.
9. II. That by the law, in a more extensive sense, are meant all things that are written in the five books of Moses, will appear from the following passages : In Luke: "Abraham said unto him, [the rich man in hell,] They have Moses and the prophets,
let them hear them. If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead” (xvi. 29, 31). In John: Philip said unto Nathanael, “We have found him of whom Moses in the law and the prophets did write” (i. 45). In Matthew: “Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil (v. 17). In the same: "For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John” (xi. 13). In Luke: "The law and the prophets were until John; since that time the kingdom of God is preached” (xvi. 16). In Matthew : “All things whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even so to them; for this is the law and the prophets” (vii. 12). In the same: “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul.”-And—“Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets" (xxii. 37, 39, 40). In these places, by Moses and the prophets, as also by the law and the prophets, are signified all things that are written in the books of Moses and in those of the prophets. That by the law in particular are signified all things that were written by Moses, will further appear from the following passages : In Luke: “And when the days of her purification, according to the law of Moses, were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord : (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord ;) and to offer a sacrifice, according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, a pair of turtle doves, or two young pigeons.” “And the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law.” “And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord” (ii. 22–24, 27, 39). In John: “Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned” (viii. 5). In the same:
“ The law was given by Moses" (i. 17). From whence it appears, that sometimes the law is named, and sometimes Moses, where such things are treated of as are contained in the books written by him; as is also done in Matthew viii. 4; Mark x. 2–4; xii. 19; Luke xx. 28, 37; John ïïi. 14; vii. 19, 51; viii. 17; xix. 7. Many things commanded to be performed, are also called, by Moses himself, the law; as in relation to the burnt offerings, Levit. vi. 9; vii. l, ll; to the meat offering, Levit. vi. 14; to the leprosy, Levit. xiv. 2; to jealousy, Numb. v. 29; and to the Nazariteship, Numb. vi. 13, 21. Moses himself also called his books the law: “Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests, the sons of Levi, who bare the ark of the covenant of Jehovah." And he said unto them, “Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of Jehovah.” (Deut. xxxi. 9, 26). It was put in the side of the ark, because within the ark were the tables of stone, which, in a strict sense, are called the law. The books of Moses
are afterwards, also, called the law: "And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of Jehovah." "And when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, he rent his clothes" (2 Kings xxii. 8, 11).
10. III. That by the law, in the most extensive sense, are meant all things that are contained in the Word, may appear from the following passages. "Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said ye are gods" (John x. 34)? This is written in Psalm lxxxii. 6. "The people answered him, We have heard out of the law, that Christ abideth for ever" (John xii. 34). This is written in Psalm lxxxix. 29; cx. 4; and in Daniel vii. 14. "That the Word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause" (John xv. 25). This is written in Psalm xxxv. 19. "The Pharisees answered, Have any of the rulers-believed on him? but this people who knoweth not the law are cursed" (John vii. 48, 49). "It is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail" (Luke xvi. 17); where, by the law, is signified the whole of the Sacred Scripture.
11. That by the Lord's fulfilling all the contents of the law, is meant, that he fulfilled all the contents of the Word, will farther appear from those passages where it is said, that the Scripture was fulfilled by him, and that all things were finished; as from the following: Jesus "went into the synagogue,-and stood up to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind; -to preach the acceptable year of the Lord. And he closed the book, and began to say, This day is this Scripture fulfilled in your ears" (Luke iv. 16, 21). "Search the Scriptures for they-testify of me" (John v. 39). "That the Scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me" (John xiii. 18). "None of them is lost, but the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled" (John xvii. 12). "That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake; Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none" (John xviii. 9). "Then said Jesus unto him [Peter], Put up again thy sword into his place;-how then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?" "But all this was done, that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled" (Matt. xxvi. 52, 54, 56). "The Son of Man indeed goeth, as it is written of him." "But the Scriptures must be fulfilled" (Mark xiv. 21, 49). "And the Scripture was fulfilled which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors" (Mark xv. 28; Luke xxii. 37). "That the