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or shall be admitted for the future the merchant-vessels of the most favoured nation.

IV.* The coasting trade on that ground cannot be carried on within the respective Contracting States by the shipping of the other unless the laws of each State shall so permit it; but it is agreed that the inhabitants on one and the other part shall enjoy all the rights that are or may be granted in this regard to the most favoured nation.

V. The importation in vessels, of whatsoever nation, of any article of the growth or manufacture, likewise all the merchandize and objects of commerce, of whatsover denomination, provided it be recognized as coming from the Danish dominions, or as being imported from other places in Danish vessels, shall not be prohibited by the Dominican Republic, nor be subject to other or higher duties than those which are or may be levied on the same products, merchandize, and objects of commerce coming from any other country and imported in Dominican vessels, or in those of the most favoured nation.

With respect to the exportation of all kinds of products of the Dominican Republic, the subjects and vessels of Denmark shall enjoy the same rights and privileges which are or may be granted to the subjects and shipping of any other favoured nation.

VI.* The Dominican Republic binds itself to grant to the Danish vessels, to their officers and crews, all protection they may stand in need of.

In case any Danish vessel should be wrecked on the coast of the Republic, the authorities shall be obliged to give all possible assistance in saving the crew and cargo, or to secure the wreck. And with regard to the charges for the expenses of salvage due on the vessel and its cargo, the vessel wrecked in the territory shall be treated in the same manner as a national vessel under similar circumstances.

In case a vessel of one of the Contracting Parties shall be compelled by stress of weather to put into a port of the other, or in consequence of comprobated average, or for the object of securing the cargo of the vessel, the same shall not be subjected to any Custom-house or navigation duties, whatsoever may be their denomination (therefrom excepting the port charges, which only in case of average shall be exempted, and the pilotage or others, which represent the salary for services rendered by private individuals), as long as such vessels do not transact any commercial operations, be it by loading or uploading goods.

It shall also be permitted to them to deposit on shore their goods

*Modified. See page 1075.

to arrange their cargoes, without paying for this any duties; always understood, that the goods be re-exported on account of the owner and in the same ship; or, in case of the ship having been condemned, in any other vessel.

VII. Both nations having agreed to treat each other on the footing of the most favoured nation, they bind themselves formally in all that concerns commerce and navigation to extend instantaneously the favours, privileges, and immunities, of whatsoever class they may be, which are granted, or shall hereafter be granted, to any other nation, likewise to the subjects or citizens, Danish or Dominican respectively, gratuitously, if the concession in favour of that other nation shall have been gratuitous, or by virtue of a compensation, possible and proportional, if the concession shall have been conditional.

VIII. When passing through the Sound and the Belts, the Dominican vessels and their cargoes shall be treated and shall pay the same dues as the most favoured nations.

IX. It shall be free for each of the Contracting Parties to appoint Consuls for the protection of commerce in the ports and cities within the dominions of the other; but these Consuls cannot enter upon the exercise of their functions before they have obtained the exequatur of the Government of the country where they are to reside.

The Diplomatic Agents and the respective Consuls shall enjoy the same rights, privileges, immunities, and exemptions which are or shall be granted to the Diplomatic Agents and Consuls of equal rank of the most favoured nation.

X. The men-of-war of each of the two Powers are allowed to enter, stay, and to careen in those ports of the other in which shall or may hereafter be permitted the access of those of the most favoured nation, and shall be subjected to the same regulations, and receive the same honours, advantages, privileges, and exemptions.

XI. The subjects of His Danish Majesty in the territory of the Dominican Republic shall not be disturbed, persecuted, nor molested on account of their religion; on the contrary, they shall have the most absolute liberty of conscience, and they shall be permitted to worship in their own houses or particular chapels.

They shall also have the right to bury in burial places, which they may establish and maintain, such subjects of His Danish Majesty who may die in the territory of the Republic. In like manner the citizens of the Dominican Republic shall enjoy within all the Danish dominions the greatest liberty of conscience, and may exercise their worship in their own private houses or in chapels, or in other places of divine worship.

XII. The vessels, cargoes, merchandize, or effects, belonging to [1875-76. LXVII.]

3 Z

the subjects or citizens of one of the Contracting Parties, shall not be laid under an embargo; nor shall they be detained for military service, nor for any other use whatsoever, unless the parties therein concerned shall have previously agreed upon an indemnification proportionally adequate to cover the damages, losses, demurrages, and prejudice, which were occasioned in consequence of the public service upon which they may have been employed.

XIII.* In case one of the two countries should be engaged in war with another Power, nation, or State, the citizens of the other may continue their trade and navigation with the same States, excepting only the ports and places that are blockaded, or are under a state of siege; but this liberty of trade and navigation shall not extend to goods reported as contraband of war, fire-arms, weapons, projectiles, powder, saltpetre, articles of military equipment, and all other articles proper for war.

XIV.* There shall be considered as Danish in the ports of the Republic, and as Dominican in the Danish possessions, all vessels that bona fide shall belong to the citizens of one of the two countries, and be navigated under their respective flags, having on board the papers of navigation and documents requisite by the laws of each of the States, as proof of the nationality of the merchantvessels.

XV. In order that the two parties may have the opportunity of hereafter treating and regulating other Conventions that may tend still further to increase their commercial relations and the protection of their reciprocal interests, it is agreed that the present Treaty shall remain in force during ten years, counting from the date of the exchange of the ratifications; and either of the two parties shall have the right of notifying to the other its intention of terminating its effects at the expiration of the ten years or later, in which case the present Treaty will continue obligatory for both parties till 12 months shall have elapsed after the notification of their intention, as aforesaid.

XVI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Santo Domingo, within the space of 12 months, or sooner if such be possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto their seals.

Done in Ste. Croix, the 17th December, 1851.



* Modified. See page 1076.

DOMINICAN DECREE, accepting the Modifications introduced on the 26th of July, 1852, into the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation with Denmark of the 17th December, 1851.* -Santo Domingo, January 29, 1853.


THE Dominican Republic National Congress,

By virtue of the Message of the President of the Republic, dated the 25th instant, and his Decree of the same date, to assemble the Congress on an extraordinary session on the 26th of the same month, for the object of taking into consideration and to resolve upon the slight modifications which have been made to the Treaty with His Majesty the King of Denmark:

Considering, 1st. That the causes expressed in both documents have been appreciated in high degree by the National Congress, as this has been manifested unanimously. 2nd. That, by the Report of the Committee named for the purpose, it appears under the same conception, that the rectifications made to Articles III, IV, VI, XII, XIII, and XIV, do not alter the interests of the nation; decrees:

ART I. The modifications made to the aforesaid Articles of the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Commerce, as stipulated on the 17th December, 1851, between the Republic and His Majesty the King of Denmark, sanctioned by the Congress on the 13th April, 1852, are herewith approved of; which modifications are as

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To Article III, at the end, is to be added, "The right of entering into the Danish ports, which the said Article concedes to the I Dominican vessels, does not comprehend the privilege of trading between Denmark and its Colonies."

In Article IV are to be suppressed the words" on that ground." To Article VI shall be added, "or of entering during the winter."

The last paragraph of the same Article is to be altered in the = following manner: "It will be allowed that the goods which form = their cargoes are deposited on shore, without paying for this any duties, provided always that they are to be re-exported for account of the same owner in the same vessel. But in case the vessel be condemned, and that the cargo should be re-exported for account of the same owner in some other vessel belonging to one of the ports in Denmark, the cargo shall be subjected to transit duties, always provided that such duties be established by tariff; but if this case should happen in some of the ports within the possessions of His Majesty the King of Denmark, in the West Indies, the cargo will not be liable to * Page 1070.

any duties, and shall only pay the duties of navigation. The same rule shall be observed in the case that a cargo imported by a Danish vessel into a Dominican port be re-exported for account of the same owner in any other vessel, in case the vessel in which the cargo was imported should have been condemned."

To Articles XII, XIII, XIV, shall be added before the word "citizen," "subjects or."

Resolved, therefore, that the National Congress in the name of the Dominican Republic consents and sanctions definitively the aforesaid Treaty with the aforegoing modifications, as already consented to by the Plenipotentiaries of both nations on the 26th July, 1852, and ratified by His Majesty the King of Denmark the 31st of October of the same year; and the same will be sent to the Executive Power for its promulgation within the constitutional term.

Given at Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic, the 29th January, 1853, and 9th of the country.

J. B. LOVELACE, President of Congress.



Be it executed, made known, and circulated in the whole territory of the Dominican Republic.

Given in the National Palace of Santo Domingo, the 31st January, 1853, 9th year of the country.


P. E. PELLETIER, Minister of the Interior, Police,

and Foreign Relations.

SPEECH of the President of Mexico, on the Opening of Congress.-Mexico, April 1, 1876.



THE meeting of Congress on the days designated by the funda mental law is always an event worthy of being celebrated. It is not only in normal times a new evidence of the regular march of the institutions, but, when any disorder occurs, it is a new proof that the observance of the laws will be maintained, the only means of insuring the prosperity and progress of society.

It is very satisfactory that Congress opens the second period of its sessions, in which, besides giving attention to what may require legislative action, it will have to devote itself, with the preference

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