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OF THE AUXILIARY VERBS.
These verbs being used, not only to form the compounds of all other verbs, but occurring frequently in sentences, a perfect knowledge of them is indispensable; and that it may be acquired with less difficulty, they are given here, conjugated at full, both affirmatively and negatively. See Supplément, Use of avoir.
Present. Ne pas avoir, not to have.
Participle present. N'ayant pas, not having.
Participle past. Eu, &c., had.
Compound of the present. N'avoir pas eu, not to have had. Compound of the past, N'ayant pas eu, not having had. Participle future. Ne devant pas avoir, not about to have.
Compound of the Present. J'ai eu, I have had. tu as eu, thou hast had. il a eu, he has had.
nous avons eu, we have had. vous avez eu, you have had. ils ont eu, they have had.
Je n'ai pas, I have not.
Compound of the Present.