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j'eusse fini, I should have finished. que je finisse, that I might finish.
Every tense should be conjugated in the four usual forms.
est-ce que je finis? do I finish?
nous ne finissons pas
The Second Conjugation is divided into four classes:
First class, like finir, about 300 verbs.
IMPORTANT REMARK. -The second, third, and fourth classes are irregular verbs, but can be conjugated, excepting venir according to the Formation of Tenses (see page), the primitive tenses being known. - We will, therefore, only give the primitive tenses, and a list of verbs conjugated like each model.*
REGULAR VERBS OF THE FIRST CLASS CONJUGATED LIKE Finir.
VERBS OF THE SECOND CLASS, LIKE Sentir. *
To be conjugated through the knowledge obtained of the formation of tenses, and the primitive tenses of the verb (see page 106).
The model verb of this class can be either sentir, dormir, partir, servir, sortir. The Singular of this tense ends in s, s, t, the t of the root being dropped. The m of áormir, t of partir, v of servir, and t of sortir are likewise dropped before adding s, s, t.
VERBS OF THE THIRD CLASS, LIKE Couvrir.
To be conjugated through the knowledge of the formation of tenses.
I feel, etc.,
I shall feel,
I should feel,
THE VERB Sentir-CONJUGATED.
je sens, tu sens, il sent, nous sentons,
vous sentez, ils sentent.
je sentais, etc., je sentis, etc., j'ai senti, j'avais senti, j'eus senti.
That I may feel,
THE VERB Ouvrir-CONJUGATED.
I open, etc.,
I shall open,
I should open,
That I may open,
That I might open,
j'ouvre, tu ouvre, il ouvre, nous ouvrons,
vous ouvrez, ils ouvrent.
j'ouvrais, etc., j'ouvris, j'ai ouvert, j'avais
ouvert, j'eus ouvert.
ouvre, ouvrons, ouvrez.
VERBS OF THE FOURTH CLASS, LIKE Venir.
IMPORTANT REMARKS.-The second and third classes illustrate a class of verb, which may be called semi-irregular. To conjugate these verbs, let the student learn the primitive tenses, and then form his own verb, according to the principles given in the Formation of Tenses.
The verb venir is irregular, and the primitive tenses alone will not enable the student to conjugate the whole verb. It will be noticed, in the following table, that certain tenses are irregularly formed; these should be learned in addition to the primitive tenses, and then the whole verb can be conjugated like a semiirregular verb. (See Remark preceding the list of regular verbs, p. 147.)
Notice that all the verbs conjugated like venir are the compounds of this verb, and tenir with its compounds.