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I should have been called,

j'aurais été appelé, etc., or, j'eusse été
appelé, etc.

Be called, sois appelé; let us be called, soyons appelés;
be called, soyez appelé.

That I may be called,

That I might be called,

que je sois appelé - que nous soyons appelés, etc.

que je fusse appelé - qu'il fût appelé, etc.

That I may have been called, que j'aie été appelé - qu'ils aient été


That I might have been called, que j'eusse été appelé, etc.

Conjugate one or more of the following passive verbs:

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Does it snow? neige-t-il? it does not snow, il ne neige pas;

does it not snow? ne neige-t-il pas ?

Each tense should be conjugated in the usual interrogative and negative forms.

A list of unipersonal verbs conjugated like the third person singular of the model verbs:

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1. Reflective verbs, in which être is employed for avoir.

2. Passive verbs.

3. Unipersonal verbs take avoir; but those which are accidentally unipersonal-as, il est arrivé un malheur, a misfortune has happened—take être.

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IMPORTANT REMARKS. A very large number of the irregular verbs of the language may be called semi-irregular verbs,-the primitive tenses enabling the student to conjugate the whole verb through the knowledge obtained from the "Formation of the Tenses." Such verbs will be marked with an asterisk (*). Instead of attempting to memorize the whole verb, let the student write the primitive tenses, and then under each primitive tense, write the derivative tenses.


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Let the student now apply the principles given for the formation of the tenses, and he will be able to conjugate the verb without any difficulty. This kind of work should be done with every model verb, as the student proceeds in the study of the irregular verbs. The model semi-irregular verbs will be marked with two asterisks (**

The verbs that are truly irregular, i. e., those that have not all the derivative tenses formed regularly from the primitive tenses, can also be learned, to a great extent, through the forImation of tenses. In some instances there are but one or two irregularities in the whole verb; these should be learned, and the remainder of the verb formed, as has already been shown with the verb venir (see page 133). We will indicate the irregular forms, -i. e., those not formed regularly from the primitive tenses,—with a noticeable change in the type.

The model irregular verbs will be preceded by the following mark (†).

The 1st and 2d persons plural of an irregular present subjunctive is always formed regularly, excepting faire and pouvoir. Should the verbs be studied as is explained above, the task of memorizing them will be much less difficult than if the student attempts to learn them mechanically.

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