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thinks freshly for himself, on important matters, and dares to utter his thought. Public opinion weighs like a mountain upon the individual soul. Every man says to himself, what will happen to me if I go off the rails ? Thus every perversion is maintained from age to age. The love of bread and butter is stronger than the love of truth. The generality of teachers do not inquire for themselves, and the taught follow in the beaten track. Besides, the system of over-instruction, over-guidance, over-watching, supersedes and stifles the faculty for investigation. Not enough room is given to the doubtful element, and since it is in the area of the doubtful that honest thought must exert itself, honest thought languishes from deficiency of space and air. It would, indeed, be a most uncomfortable world if all were original thinkers, and if there were no amenable multitudes to govern; but at present the reign of stereotype is in excess. It is the extreme rarity of individualism which render it so interesting and useful in the present distress. In a more thoughtful world original people would perhaps retire into obscurity.
THE POOR CURATE. (From an unpublished series of 'Rural Scenes and Clerical Portraits.'
Yonder he comes with quick and hurried pace,
Such joy as fills the bridegroom when his bride
His serm ons were unwritten, yet gave signs
SHORT NOTICES OF BOOKS.
Common Prayer and Common Sense : are obliged to admit that with such
an argument for Church Expansion views of the meaning of the words as by means of Liturgical Revision. his own it is not necessary to press the By T. Davis, M.A., Incumbent of charge of dishonour home upon him Roundhay. Longman. 1862. in its darker form. He raises a vast
fog of mystification around the bapThis pamphlet is an outcry of con tismal service, in which it may be science and judgment from a man who granted that nothing can be seen could, if any one could, snatch the clearly enough to render subscription live-coal of prophetic nonconformity to it either true or false. But the from our lips ;-a laborious student, system carries its own condemnation a beautiful thinker, a poet, whose gift with it. Here is a man, naturally the is as genuine as the song of the soul of honour and a bard of God, thrushes of Roundhay, a brave, liberal, reduced, in the explication of his reloving soul-but, after all, an Evan ligious position, to a series of argugelical clergyman-involved in the ments and apologies—such as he would horrid meshes of the Church of Eng
be ashamed to apply to the affairs of In these pages,
common life. But he knows inwardly shrinking from the charge of unfaith the difference between sunshine and fulness in the use of words, he does
moonshine, and, therefore, with his best to quash the indictment better nature, calls aloud on Heaven by giving a long and complicated ac and Earth, on Lords and Commons, count of his method of explaining
to support Lord Ebury and reform away the obnoxious phraseology. We the liturgy. But no! The Bishop of
London has already taught us in his
boat. Indeed, there is something speech on liturgical revision, delivered pitiable in the condition of ordinary in the Lords last year, that ·
scrupu readers under the present system of lous men' are out of place in the publication. Books of all sorts lie Church of England-and, we fear, about by millions. Treatises which there is no hope whatever of a victory ought never to pass a college door for the Evangelicals. Besides, many are offered as the common aliment of who call themselves Low Churchmen life to ignorant, positive, and credumaintain baptismal regeneration in
lous multitudes; and books which in the plain grammatical sense of the their condensed virulence of false aswords.' The treatise of the late sertion may require twenty volumes Edward Bickersteth on Baptism con to answer them, are thrown into the tains statements on the spiritual effects midst of society, to work their misof baptism which would satisfy a chief on minds which are too impatient clergyman of the school of Dr. Hook. to look for a single reply. It is imIt is hoping against hope, but we possible to calculate the number of heartily desire for Mr. Davis, Mr. the persons whose faith has been Fisher, and their compeers, full suc
shaken by the “Essays and Reviews.' cess in their honourable endeavours. The good things in the volunt, and Meantime, though it cost what is they are many, have recommended the dearest in life, we will for ourselves evil, and we fear that the evil greatly persist in witnessing to the 'general preponderates. It is true that the necessity' of verbal honesty to salva serious and connected reading of the tion.
Bible is the best, simplest, and the
most effectual counteraction to all the Seven Answers to the senen Essays
assaults of unbelief; but it is precisely and Reviews. By John NORTH
this reading of the Scriptures for which GRIFFIN, M.A., of Trinity College,
men are least inclined in this day of Dublin. Longman. 1862.
excitement and amusement. The mind,
too, is filled with objections against Captain Williams, sitting on the these sacred writings to such an extent quarter deck of the Trent, in the Ba as to indispose the half-learned crowds hama Channel, reading “Essays and Re to examine them for themselves. Noviews,' as the San Jacinto approached thing remains, therefore, except to and fired her memorable shot athwart invite replies to the assailants, in the the bows of the mail steamer, is a hope that seven essays, leaving only a typical picture of the times. We
We general result of doubt, may call forth, commend it to some artist for the next if need be, seventy times seven reexhibition of the Royal Academy. joinders of a nature to restore and Here is an average blundering tar, enlighten the popular belief. That trying to get his theological notions belief cannot now be restored without settled or unsettled, as the case may some modifications, but we have no be, by studying a book which is one of fear that the final issue can possibly the most curious pieces of black and be fatal to the influence of the Scripwhite chequer-work-of truth and tures. When good men have at length falsehood—that ever appeared at home learned to claim no more for the or abroad. Captain Williams's veri- Bible than it claims for itself-when fying faculty' will stand him in better they have learned that minute church stead, with its infallible instincts, five formularies dishonestly subscribed minutes hence, in dealing with Cap are the ruin of the religion they tain Wilkes' boarding party, than it are designed to conserve when can do in assisting the Admiralty they have learned that state-patronagent to resist the seven theological age and control of the Church, being pirates who are assailing his religious necessarily encumbered by such subbelief, as he sits a peaceful reader and scriptions, is fatal to honest inquiry, victim, under the awning of his packet and fatal to the independence and
moral authority of either the gospel the service and glory of Christ. At or its teachers, -perhaps Christianity the same time we do not like his style will rest on a stronger foundation of thinking — the style of a great than ever in the public faith. It is Chancery lawyer stopping argument the exaggerations of faith which have by precedents, and extinguishing the caused the exaggerations of scepti human reason by the aid of “Butler's cism, and a return to moderation and Analogy.' On this head we cannot too truth will serve the cause of piety strongly recommend to the notice of better than either the most desperate all similar thinkers the words of Mr. radicalism of doubt, or the most malig Goldwin Smith in his resent treatise Dantly orthodox attacks on the oa Rational Religion, in reply to the doubters.
unfortunate Mr. Mansell :-he says, “I The present volume is a highly have lived in a university where creditable performance, though weak Butler is worshipped almost ened by the suspicion which will cling a fetish; on which his authority to the defence of a clergyman who has weighed like an incubus, and has sicorn to believe. The suspicion where through the weak side of his inevitably arises that the good man's system he has become the unhappy oath governs his understanding. The parent of a pedagogic philosophy position of the established clergy is a which is always rapping people on the serious loss to the side of Christianity: knuckles with the ferule of analoIf half their learning, ability, and zeal gous difficulties,' instead of trying to were enlisted on the side of the gospel, solve the doubts and satisfy the moral apart from their political and social instincts of mankind. When Mr. advantages, they would produce far Napier tells us in this preface that he more faith in the public mind than finds in Bishop Butler ample macan at present accrue from the diligent terials for a sufficient, if not complete use of all their resources.
reply' to the seven essays, we consider never comes right, and that which is that such replies are analogous' to wrong in principle works evil on a the efforts of Mrs. Partington to sweep wider scale than ever occurs to the away the rising ocean. wrong-doer. We much fear, there answer to the seven essays will be fore, that the new 'Aids to Faith' of found only in a more correct and all sorts which come from beneficed fully detailed exposition of the Bible, clergymen will not have that full and such an exposition will not quite weight which they deserve. Secular accord with the doctrines of the and social advantages of such attrac Church of England. Christianity tiveness are by law conjoined with a rightly interpreted, is its own all-sufficertain line of opinion and belief that cing defence. The principal objections it will require more trust in human which are made against the Bible and integrity than usually prevails to per Christianity are made against theories suade the multitude of the impar of inspiration and dogmatic propositiality of the counsel for the defence. tions which are not to be found in either. The Bishop of Oxford's exhortation, If the present struggle were for the to throw doubt from us like a lighted Bible only against scepticism, the rebombshell,' is in itself sufficient to un sult would be neither distant nor do the Christian advocates of a whole doubtful. But it is a contest for university.
church-doctrines as footnotes to the Mr. Griffin's volume is prefaced by Bible, which introduces a new and an introduction from the pen of the dangerous element into the controRight Honorable Joseph Napier, late versy. There are not many men in Lord Chancellor of Ireland. We do England who would think the bible all honour to this Joseph of Arima worth saving if the Church must be thea, . faithful found among the faith destroyed, and it is this fatal compliless,' openly consecrating the intlu cation of interests and authorities ence of a great name and position to which renders the prospect of the