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they can have a substitute. When they are cured they can resume their duties. All other officials under sixty, no matter how great their craving, must abandon the use within six months. If unable to discontinue the habit they can retain their rank, but must retire from office. But those who falsely pretend to abandon the habit and continue the use of opium secretly will be deprived of both rank and office. All teachers, scholars, soldiers, and sailors throughout all ranks will be allowed three months wherein entirely to abandon the habit.

10. The Wai-wu-pu is commanded to approach the British Minister with reference to the annual reduction of opium imported, so that the importation may be ended within ten years. Since opium is also imported from Persia, French Indo-China, and the Dutch colonies, the respective Ministers must also be approached, but in the case of non-treaty Powers China will act independently. Strict regulations must be enforced against the smuggling of opium. Morphia and hypodermic syringes for its use being even more injurious than opium, therefore Article XI. of the Mackay Treaty of September 7, 1902, and Article XVI. of the American Treaty of October 8, 1903, must be given effect to, and the manufacture of morphia in China forthwith prohibited, whether by Chinese or foreigners.

11. The Viceroys and high officials must forthwith issue proclamations throughout the Empire embodying the foregoing regulations.

November 21, 1906.


Abdali tribe: friendly relations

with Aden Government, 43
Abdul Hamid: resuscitation of
Ottoman Empire under his
strong rule, 27

Aden: cause of its acquisition by
Great Britain, 39; necessity for
its transfer from the Bombay
Government to the Colonial
Office, 42; Hinterland, 44;
Imperial importance of Aden
as a place d'armes and coaling-
station, 48

Adis Ababa capital of the Em-
peror Menelik, 50
Artillery, Japanese: superiority
over the Russian artillery, 129
Assab Bay: occupation of, by the
Italians, 51

Atlantic Ocean: linked to the
Pacific by the Canadian Pacific
Railway, 156

Bana River: eastern boundary
of Turkish territory in South
Arabia, 43
Beaconsfield, Lord: purchase of
Suez Canal shares in 1875, 33
Bermuda: its central position as
a coaling-station in the Atlantic,
chivalry, 109
Buxton, Mr. Sydney: proposals
for cheapening the rates of
postage between the United
Kingdom and Canada, 181

code of Japanese

Canada policy of Dominion
Government in regard to Im-
perial Defence, 172; armed
forces of the Dominion, 173;
Territorial Military Organiza-

tion, 174-175; vulnerability of
Canadian land frontier, 175;
loyalty of French Canadians,
176; necessity of obligatory
military service, 177; scarcity of
English newspapers in Canadian
towns, 181

Canadian Northern Railway
Company, 163

Canadian Pacific Railway: its
strategical value to the Empire,
155; its dominant position in
Canada, 158; unbroken pros-
perity of the Company, 159;
prudent administration of the
Directors, 160

Cavalry, Japanese: efforts to
improve this arm of the service,

Ceuta proposal for its exchange
for Gibraltar, 21

Ceylon: the model Crown Colony,
59; history of its connection
with Great Britain, 60; sketch
of the island, 62; prosperity of
the Colony, 65; contentment of
the native population, 67
Chamberlain, the Right Hon.
Joseph his sympathetic ad-
ministration of Crown Colony
government in Ceylon, 68; his
views on Imperial political
economy, 158; his success as a
Colonial Minister, 183
Chefoo Convention : power of
Chinese Government to de-
nounce, 92

China Chinese population at
Hong Kong, 88; admirable
qualities of the Chinese labourer,
89; sincere determination of
Chinese Government to stamp
out opium-smoking, 92; Chinese

Sovereignty at Shanghai, 94;
mixed Court in the international
settlement at Shanghai, 97; the
Yellow Peril, 103
Christmas Island: annexed to
Great Britain in 1887, 70
Chusan Island: proposed occupa-
tion, 101

Cocos Island: annexed to Great
Britain in 1857, 70
Colombo advantage over Trin-
comalee as a commercial port,
61; sketch of harbour, 64; cost
of harbour works, 65
Cyprus circumstances of its ac-
quisition by Great Britain, 27;
revenue, 28

Djibuti seat of French Govern-
ment transferred there from
Obokh in 1895, 52

Dover harbour under construc-
tion, 13

Dthala: proposed light railway
to, 44

Eritrea Italian territory on the
Red Sea littoral, 50
Esquimault plan of harbour,
169; abandonment by the
Admiralty as a naval base,

Fadhli Arab tribe near Aden,

France acquisition of Obokh,
51; French railway to Adis
Ababa, 52

Gara Mountains, 44
German Emperor: 'mailed fist'
policy, 4; partition of China,
Gibraltar: its strategical impor-

tance, 6; harbour works and
docks, 16; question as to their
military security, 17; defective
civil administration, 22; sordid
appearance of town, 22
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway:

route across Canada, 160; future
Pacific terminus at Prince Ru-
pert, 161; proposed branch line
to Dawson and Hudson Bay,

Hadhramout: valley in Southern
Arabia, 44

Halifax: abandonment as a naval
base, 168

Hankow the future Chicago of
China, 2; commercial develop-
ment, 96

Harrar capital of the Gallas
country, 52

Hong-Kong: biggest port in the
world, 82; trade has followed
the flag, 82; bad title-deeds,
82; description of island, 84;
'New Territory, 86; success of
Crown Colony system of govern-
ment, 91

Hudson Bay: proposed branch
railway to, 164

Husn Murad: boundary point of
Anglo-Turkish frontier in South
Arabia, 43

Ieyasu: policy of isolation, 137;
founder of the Tokugawa dy-
nasty of Shoguns, 148
Italy Italian troops defeated by
Menelik, 50; incubus of her
African possessions, 51

Japan: peace celebrations at
Tokyo, 106; religious tolerance
of the Japanese people, 107;
decay of Buddhism in Japan,
108; Shinto faith, 109; bene-
ficial effects of conscription,
110; commercial unreliability,
111; Anglo-Japanese alliance,
111; views of Marquis Ito on
post bellum policy of Japan,
150-151; party government in
Japan, 152; the present Cabinet,


Japanese Army: numerical
strength, 121-122; Imperial
review at Tokyo, 123; salient
characteristics of army, 125-130;
reduction of colour service to
two years, 131; high qualities
of Japanese officers, 135
Japanese Navy: growth of
Japan's sea - power, 137-140 ;
naval stations, 140; naval or-
ganization, 141-144; fighting
qualities of Japanese sailors,

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Penang the first seat of British
Government in the Malay
Peninsula, 70

Peninsular and Oriental Steam
Navigation Company: losing
ground in the Far East, 158
Perim Island: acquisition by
Great Britain, 45

Perry, Commodore, U. S. Navy:
arrival at Yokohama in 1853,

Persian Gulf: value of British
trade, 55; Koweyt, terminus
of the Baghdad railway, 56;
danger to British interests in
the Gulf, 58
Philippine Islands: acquisition
by the United States, 80

Quebec: contrast with Vancouver,
167; Quebec Act, 1774, 176;
interview with Lieut.-Governor,
Sir Louis Jetté, 177

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1868, 147
Singapore: the gateway of the
Pacific, 69; occupation by Sir
Stamford Raffles, 71; expro-
priation of the Tanjong Pagar
Dock Company, 75
Socotra: sketch of island, 47
Straits Settlements: extent of
territory, 70; government, 72;
defects of the Crown Colony
system, 74; Governorship of
Sir Andrew Clarke, 78
Suez Canal: Convention of 1888,
29; danger of being blocked in
time of war, 30; administration
of Canal, 32; improvements,
35; compared as a trade route
with the Panama Canal, 37
Swettenham, Sir Frank: his
Governorship of the Straits
Settlements, 79

its suppression in

Tajourra: gulf of, 53
Tamarida: former encampment
of Indian troops, 47
Terauchi, General: Japanese
Minister of War, 131
Tien-tsin Treaty: Article VIII.
of, 91

Trans-Canada Railway Com-
pany, 164

Trincomalee: its seizure in 1782

by Admiral Hughes, 60; in-
convenience of its situation as a
coaling-station, 61

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