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waste. 24 And they glorified | vour which was bestowed on God on my account.

me, they gave to me and Barnabas, the right hand of fellowship; that we should go to the gentiles, and they to the circumcision: 10 only desiring that we should remember the poor; which very thing I was also earnest to do.

CH. II. 1 Then, within fourteen years, I went up again to Jerusalem, with Barnabas, and took with me also Titus. 2 And I went up according to a revelation, and made known to them that gospel which I preach among the gentiles; but privately to those who were of reputation, lest I run, or might have run, in vain. 3 But not even Titus, who was with me, though a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: 4 and that because of false brethren who crept in by stealth, (who came in privily to spy out our freedom whic we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into slavery :) 5 [to whom] we yielded by subjection, [no not] for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

11 But when Peter came to Antioch, I withstood him to his face, because he was to be blamed.* 12 For before some came from James, he ate with the gentiles: but, when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing those of the circumcision. 13 And the other Jews also dissembled with him ; so that Barnabas likewise was carried away with them by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly, according to the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter in the presence of them all, "If thou, being a Jew, live according to the manner of the gentiles, and not according to that of the Jews, how compellest thou the gentiles to live like the Jews?

6 But concerning those who appeared to be considerable, whatsoever they were, it maketh no difference to me: (God accepteth no man's person :) those, I say, who appeared to be considerable, in conference added nothing to me. 7 But, on the contrary, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed to me, as the gospel of the circumcision was to Peter: 8 (for he who wrought powerfully, in Peter, to the apostleship of the circumcision, wrought powerfully in me also toward the gentiles ;) 9 and when James, and Peter, and John, who appeared to be pillars, perceived the fa

15 We, who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the gentiles, 16 since we know that a man is not justified through the works of the law, but through faith in Jesus Christ; even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified through faith in Christ, and not through the works of the law: for through the works of the law no flesh will be justified. 17 But if, while we seek to be justified in Christ, we ourselves also

* Gr. xαтεyvwσμevos ny was to be condemned: q. d. his conduct was highly reprehensible.

be found sinners, is Christ the | minister of sin? By no means.

18 For if I build again the things which I have destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. 19 For I, through the law, have died to the law, that I might live to God. 20 I have been crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me, and delivered himself up for me. 21 I do not make void the favour of God for if justification come through the law, then Christ died in vain."

CH. III. 1 O SENSELESS Galatians, who hath deceived you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been heretofore clearly set forth [among you] as crucified? 2 This only I desire to learn from you: Received ye the spirit through the works of the law, or through the hearing of faith? 3 Are ye so senseless? having begun with the spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? 4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if indeed it must even be in vain.

5 He, therefore, who ministered to you the spirit, and wrought miracles among you, did he these things through the works of the law, or through the hearing of faith? 6 it was through faith: even as "Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness." 7 Know therefore, that those who live through faith are the sons of Abraham. 8

And the scripture, having foreseen that through faith, God would justify the nations, proclaimed, before to Abraham, the glad tidings, saying, "In thee all nations shall be blessed." 9 So those who are through faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham. 10 For they who through the works of the law, are under a curse: for it is written, "Cursed is every one who continueth not in all the things which are written in the book of the law, to do them."


11 But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God, is evident: for "the just through faith shall live." 12 Now the law is not through faith : but " he who doth them, shall live in them." 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, having been made a curse for us: (for it is written, "Cursed is every one who hangeth on a tree:") 14 that the blessing of Abraham might come on the nations through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the spirit through faith.

15 Brethren, (I speak according to the manner of men,) though it be but a man's covenant, yet, if it be confirmed, no one disannulleth it, or addeth to it. 16 Now to Abraham, and to his seed, the promises were made. (It is not said, "And to seeds," as of many; but as of one; "And to thy seed,” which one person is Christ.)

17 And this I say, that the covenant which God confirmed before [concerning Christ,] the

there is neither male nor female: for ye all are one in Christ Jesus. 29 But if ye be Christ's, then ye are the seed of Abraham, [and] heirs accord

law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, doth not disannul, so as to make the promise of none effect. 18 For if the inheritance be from law,

it is no more from promise: buting to the promise.

God freely gave it to Abraham by promise. 19 To what purhose then was the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come, to whom the promise was made; and it was ministered by messengers through the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one; but God is one.

21 Is the law then against the promises of God? By no means for if a law had been given, which could have be stowed life, then truly justification would have been from the law. 22 But the scripture hath included all together under sin, that the promise, through faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to those who believe. 23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, included together to the faith which was afterward to be revealed. 24 So that the law was our instructor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified through faith. 25 But now faith is come, we are no longer under an instructor. 26 For ye are all the sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.

CH. IV. 1 Now, I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he is to be master of all; 2 but is under tutors and guardians, until the time appointed by his father. 3 So we, likewise, when we were children, were in servitude under the elements of the world: 4 but when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman,* born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba, Father." 7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God, through Christ].

8 AT that time, however, when ye knew not God, ye did slavish service to those who by nature are not gods: 9 but now, after ye have known God, or rather have been known by Him, why is it ye again turn to the weak and beggarly elements to which ye desire to be again in servitude? 10 Ye observe days, and months, and seasons, and years. 11 I fear concerning you, lest I have bestowed on you

27 For as many of you as have been baptized to Christ, have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free-man, | labour in vain.

"The phrase, 'born of a woman,' bears no allusion to the supposed miraculous conception of Christ. It is a common Jewish phrase to express a proper human being. See Job. xiv. 1; xv. 14; xxv. 4. Matth. xi. 11. Luke vii. 28." Im. Ver. note.

12 Brethren, I beseech you, be as I am; for I also was as ye are: ye have wronged me in nothing. 13 But ye know that in weakness of the flesh I preached the gospel to you at first: 14 and my trial, which was in my flesh, ye did not set at naught nor scorn: but ye received me as a messenger of God, or even as Christ Jesus. 15 What then [were] your congratulations? for I bear you witness that, if it had been possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me.

16 Am I therefore become your enemy, because I speak to you the truth? 17 Some zealously affect you, but not well: yea, they desire to exclude you, that ye may zealously affect them. 18 But it is good to be zealously affected towards a good man at all times; and not merely when I am present with you. 19 My dear children, of whom I again travail in birth, until Christ be formed in you; 20 I could wish, indeed, to be present with you now, and to change my voice: for I am exceedingly in doubt concerning you.

21 TELL me, ye who desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons; one by a bond-woman, and another by a free-woman. 23 But he who was of the bondwoman, was born according to the flesh; whereas he of the free-woman was by promise.

24 Which things are spoken by me allegorically: for these women signify the two covenants; the one from Mount Sinai, bearing children to servitude, which is Agar: 25 (for this Agar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to the Jerusalem which now is: for she is in servitude with her children:) 26 but the Jerusalem from above, is the freewoman, who is our mother.

27 For it is written, "Rejoice, thou barren, who bearest not; break forth and shout, thou who travailest not; for the desolate hath many more children than she who hath an husband."

28 Now, brethren, we, like Isaac, are the children of promise. 29 But as then, he who was born according to the flesh, persecuted him who was born according to the spirit, even so it is now. 30 Nevertheless, what saith the scripture? "Send forth the bond-woman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the free woman.”

51 [So then,] brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

CH. V. 1 Stand firmly, therefore, in the freedom with which Christ hath made us free,* and be not again put under the yoke of servitude.

2 BEHOLD, I Paul say to you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing. 3 Yea, I again testify to every


Some copies read," we are not children of the bond-woman but of the free, with which liberty Christ hath made us free. Stand firmly, therefore, and be not," etc. See Griesbach.

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man who is circumcised, that
he is a debtor to perform the
whole law. 4 Whosoever of you
seek to be justified in the law,
to such Christ is become of no
effect; ye are fallen from the co-
venant of favour. 5 For we, by
the spirit, look for the hope of
justification from faith. 6 For
in Christ Jesus, neither cir-ye are not under the law.
cumcision availeth any thing,
nor uncircumcision; but faith
which worketh by love.

7 Once ye ran well: who hindered you that ye might not obey the truth? 8 This persuasion came not from him who called you. 9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. 10 I am persuaded concerning you, in the Lord, that ye will not think otherwise than I do: but he who troubleth you will sustain the condemnation, whosoever he be.

16 Now I say, Walk by the spirit, and fulfil not the desire of the flesh. 17 For the flesh desireth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye do not the things which ye would. 18 But if ye be led by the spirit,

19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these ; fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, rivalries, wrath, disputes, divisions, heresies, 21 envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such-like: of which I tell you beforehand, as I have also declared before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. 22 But the fruit of the spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gen

11 And as to myself, breth-tleness, goodness, faithfulness, ren, if I still preach circumci- meekness, temperance: 23 sion, why do I still suffer per- against such things there is secution? then indeed would no law. the stumbling-block of the cross be done away.

12 I could even wish that they who disturb you were cut off. 1

24 Now those who are Christ's, have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. 25 If we live by the spirit, let us also walk by the spirit. 26 Let us not be vain-glorious, provoking one another, envying one another.

13 FOR, brethren, ye have been called to freedom: only use not freedom for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve CH. VI. 1 Brethren, if a man one another. 14 For all the law be even discovered in any ofis fulfilled in one command-fence, ye, who are spiritual, ment, even in this ;" Thou shalt should restore such an one in love thy neighbour as thyself." the spirit of meekness; consi15 But if ye bite and devour dering thyself, lest thou also be one another, take heed that ye tempted. 2 Bear ye one anbe not consumed by one an- other's burdens; and thus fulother. fil the law of Christ. 3 For if

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