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collect. — a-zam s. a pair, a couple, a-zam mat vb. to pair.

zam 3. vb. to malleate lightly and regularly; ban zam vb. to repair ban by lightly malleating; zam zam buk vb. to beat lightly all over (as to render meat tender etc.); zam zam hal vb. to break into pieces by beating regularly all over; a-ká zam to be clever.

zam 4 zam-mă zam-mă i. q. jum-mă jummă, zam-mă zam-må tyăn vb. to smile. sum-zam fair, pretty, good, applied only to face, sum-zam tet ryu a pretty good face.

*zam-bu (shd. be rather jam-bu Skt. jambu) the name of a fabulous tree in Asia, hence zam-bulin the continent of Asia, (Skt. 1) zam-bu-lin-bo an Asiate, an Indian. zam-săn tăn dar mft a collection of godesses P. (fr. zam 2?) or zum-lùn t. d. m. zar 1. vb. to bear seed of fruit-shape, as potatoe.

zar 2. vb. t. to correct, to punish, zar fyet vb. to take revenge as injured husband either by killing adulterer or taking all his property. — tum-zar s. 1. correction, rectification, amendment 2. punishment chastisment, fam-zar fo vb. to amend, to correct, to punish, zo t. z. to place out rice to dry Tbr. (lit. "to improve"). zar 3. see zur.

zał vb. 1. to be diminutive, not to have arrived at maturity (plants, fruit), 2. to nibble, fo zal tsuk vb. to nibble; zal-là zal-la adv. slightly, little, not to have reached maturity (as potatoes etc.) zal-lă zal-là gyón vb. to teaze a little; zal-lă zal-la nót vh. to cut a little, zal-lă zal-lă nón: buk zal-lă zal-là nón potatoes to have run to seed.

zal 2. zul-lă zal-lă snatched, zul-lă zalli zak to be snatched.

zi vb. to embellish, to adorn see zŭk.
'zim cfr. zum, zim jók vb. to go to sleep.
zil-lă zal-lă i. q. zal-lă zal-lă q. v.
zů 1. see muk zu thick fog.

zů 2. vb. n. to be striped as cloth zů zu in showers (to fall, tears). - să-zũ 6. stripes, adj. striped.

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*zů 3. vb. t. T. gzigs(-pa) hon. for L. to look upon, to look down upon, to see; to perceive, to know by seeing M. 133, pă-no zử (the king) to look; -zuwun 8. appearance, på-nyóm tă-not-să zũwun having the appearance of an old man P. — să-zů 8. pretence, sham, să-zŭ mat vb. to sham, mik-krap să-zú mat to pretend to be asleep, dăk-kún-să să-zů mat to sham sickness.

zů 4. see bók zu s. a torch.

*zů 5. pum-zu T. gzi s. splendour, glory. *zŭ 6. T. ze see j'ak-zů.

zu tam-blyǎk s. a species of butterfly. zuk vb. to be pretty, to be handsome as man or thing, zŭk-zük mat vb. to be conceited, zuk-zük mat-bo s. a fop, a beau.

a-zuk adj. very good, excellent, beautiful, lovely: a-gó a-zuk, charming, industrious, bik-gu a-zük an excellent cow; hŭ a-zúk gúm he is industrious.

zun 1. vb. to stir up, to turn over and over, as rice in pot.

*zŭń 2. vb. T. 'dsin(-pa), bzuń (to be affected, captivated)? to be choke-full, to have no room to move.

zut 1. close, a-mik zŭt-tă zŭt-tà li oyes to feel heavy; a-zŭt adv. near, by the side of, a-zŭt-să i‹l., zŭt-ka or zát-ka P. J. G. id.;a-zut-ian-bo s. a neighbour, a-zut-bam-bo 8. id., incorr. also zát.

zŭt 2. tŭr-zūt 8. Tbr. dawn, early dawn, tur-zut lun dawn to appear.

zun 1. see jyen-bo.

*zŭn 2. T. rdsun see under den.

*zăn 3. T. 'dsun(-pa) vb. t. to overcome, to subdue, vb. n. to be overcome, to be condemned, to be pronounced guilty, nyóm zun to confess fault.

*zup T. 'jib (-pa) vb. t. to suck, draw up, absorb.

zum 1. 8. a patient, a sick person, an invalid; zum lát vb. to relapse, zum sá dyet to be convalescent, zum sá dyet-bo adj. convalescent.

*zům 2. or zim T. gzim(-pa) hon. to sleep L. mik-krap, på-no zům; Comp. *zùm. kur T. gzim gur s. a sleeping-tent;


-zům Kep T. gzim-Kebs s. coverlet for king's bed; — "zům čuń T. gzim čuñ s. a bedchamber, sleeping-appartment; *zům pán T. gzim dpon s. a chamberlain; *zům mal or zũm me T. gzim mal s. bedding, mattress.zum yól T. gzim yol s. curtains of bed; *zým hri T. gzim Kri s. a bedstead; - *zům ša-ta-mo 8. T. gzim žal-ta-ma s. a chambermaid. zur vb. n. to be abashed, to hang down head from shame.

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zu 1. s. a line, yŭk zu s. a line of book. *zu 2. T. gzugs s. body, net zu-bo a diseased body.

zu 3. zu-m vb. n. to live, to be alive, as person etc., tree, buk-nún zu to live on yam; zo-nun zu to live on rice; zum kón let him live; zu lót or lót zu to revive, to come to life again; zu hrón vb. to rise up to life as from sickness; zum ma-kun-ne to be unable to survive; zum tók 8. life-time, zum tók-ka during lifetime; zum fyd 8. resources. a-zum-bo adj. living, alive, quick J., raw, unripe; 8. life, natural state, a-zum a-mak ma-fyak-ne not to care for life or death, a-zum kå-kar mak vb. to die suddenly; a-zum tyám mak id; mik må-krap-nă azum da nyi to lie wide awake.

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a-zum or

(zu 4.) zu-t, zu-là zu-là lying scattered as fruit fam-pót zu-lă zu-lă; zut-tă zuttă id.

zuk 1. vb. t. to cook M. 143.

zuk 2. vb. t. imp. zuk-kā, prot. zuk fat, p. pret. zuk-ban to do, to make, to work ayok zuk vb. to work, to-nun zuk re who did it? zuk-lå må-zuk-ne it is not my work, I have not done it; rum zuk vb. to perform the services of God. zuk zuk vb. to work often; zuk-bo p. faciens, zuk lel-bo 8. one who has finished work. zuk fóm-bo see under Kor ju.

zun 1. T. gzun (-ba) vb. to conceive, to take into mind, to know by heart, to comprehend.

*zun 2. T. gzuns (8. a charm) it is used by the L.'s for an animal set apart for sacrifice or offering to deity, zun čāk vb.

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zuń 4. kuń zun large branches of trees.
zut 1. vb. to scour, to clean, to wash.
zut 2. see zu 2.
zun see zuń 3.
zum see zu 3.

*zum T. 'dsom(-pa) vb. to meet together, to assemble, to come together P. 2. adv. together, zum bam to live together, zum zuk to do anything conjointly, tioń zum mat to trade in partnership, ton zum mat-săй partners in trade. zum-bo 8.

- zum

a number, crowd, flock M. 118. lyan s. place of assembly. a-zum 8. joint partnership, adj. common, belonging to many, a-zum-să nyót a field, the property of a partnership, a-zum-să mlo a-til mat to make a common property one's own, a-zum-sa ayok a partnership-work, a-zum-să a-bryan a common name, gŭnnă-să a-zum-ka li to speak on general topics. — zum-čó s. disputation, argument zum-čó kyóp vb. to argue, to dispute a case.

zur 1., zar-ră zur-ră adv. in different, various directions, zar-ră zur-ră li vb. (people) to speak from different places, zar-ră zur-ră bu vb. to split in different directions; zar-rà zur-ră lóm s. roads lying in various directions. a-zur adj., a-zur a-zur bu vb. to crack in different places.


zur 2., ño-zur s. a species of fish. ze 1. i. q. za vb. to be quick of sight or hearing.

*zė 2. T. rdsas see za-jór.

*zet T. gzed, 'dsed vb. to hold, to clasp. zen see -zăn. See also nói zen. *zep-mo T. gzeb-ma, gzed-ma used by Lepchas for any basket, a cage.

*zer T. gzer 8. a peg, a piu, zer dóp T. gzer riebs-pa to drive or knock in pin, dóp-to id. See zăr.


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zer-bo Tbr. i. q. kóm kat a rupee M. 132.

20, 26m 1. T. za(-ba), bza(-ba) I. vb. to eat (applied simply to eating rice or Vegetable; fa for meat etc.) it is also used like the Hindi khẩnά in sense of "receiving," taking as gi zo to take bribe, pitin 20-ka no go and receive punishment, ban zo-ka no go and get killed, it is also used in sense of "to live upon" as yok zuk-lun zo to live upon the fruits of one's labour, an-zo mat-lùn zo to live upon the fruits of oppression. It is also used in sense of to attend, to take eagerly as rin ma-zo-ne he does not attend to (or receive) words; zo lyo-nón Tbr. to be dead. - zóm tắp or zóm čok fit for eating zom må-lup-ne not fit to eat, zóm sak di vb. to feel appetite to eat.—zóm-mũ an catable appearance. zóm-bo eating;

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zóm-bo mu s. the devouring evil. 20sum-bo adj. edible.

Deriv. zóm, a-zóm s. food of every kind (not including flesh); dinner, a-zóm lê-nin vb. to be abundant; a-zôm lặt về. to relish food; a-zóm mă-lát-ne not to r. f.; a-zóm lót-ili come to dinner; a-zóm a-fan meat and drink; a-zóm a-fan četnon to leave off food, a-zóm a-fan byi-bo table-attendants (as in sickness); a-zóm a-fan lyot yam-bo' a hospitable person; a-zóm zóm lel-lán supper being ended J.; a-zóm-sà a-lùt s. a delicacy: zóm-lyan s. an eating place, dining room. zót s. T. cas food, un vin plů-lun zót fop-šo he in and out and find pasture J. II. s. 1. grain of any kind but chiefly used by itself to express "rico"; 2. fuel, see mi zo fap; 20 cu s. rice or food carried for journey; it is used also in the sense of destiny, as zo-ču mók-kün-så makso when one's destiny is completed ho will die; zo ka one's portion of food, food. 20 pa-ayor, zo lek and zo dyen various specc. of rice, zo pă-dam 8. a rice-holder, zo tảù-bo s. a rice-basket, zo


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hóp s. a spec. of weovil.

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the food of birds, a-zo tap byi vb. 1. to give food to birds, 2. to bait bird-trap.

zo 2. precipitous or semivertical W. 60. zo-la hanging in clusters, showers of water, a-tsóm zo-lă bŭ vb. to wear hair hanging in dishevelled locks, zo-lă han vb. to hang in clusters as creepers, branches of trees etc. 20-lă a-fyak-ka lák-kā-o pour it in showers over the head.


*20 3. T. bzo(-ba) vb. to make, to form, to fabricate, to work, to make impression on, to have effect, o. c. kun-ka prit măzo-ne the axe makes no impression on the tree, mă-zu-ka món mă-zo-ne the medicine does not work, makes no impression, a-lut-ka rin mă-zo-ne the words have no effect on his heart. zo-bo s. an artisan, a worker, maker, a mechanic e. c. kun zo-bo s. a carpenter, dům zo-bo 8. a tailor or maker of cloth, lăn zo-bo 8. a mason, a stone-cutter, li zo-bo s. a house-builder, 20-pún 8, a master-workman, a chief-artisan; zo kor-bo 8. a turner. Compounds: gi-zo see under gi; — ríù-zo to address; ryak-zo to violate oath; sak-zo to think, to consider, sak-zo to to remind; tsuk-zo to prompt, tšuk zo fap vb. to give complaisant words. zo-nyen used in sense of pretence, sham, zo-nyen mat vb. to pretend, to sham i. q. su-zu mat seo zu; mik-krap 20-nyen mat to pretend to be asleep.

*zo 4. T. gzo(-ba) vb. to acknowledge, to admit, to own, to remember, *krin zo vb. to be grateful, krin mă-zo-ne to be ungrateful; T. drin gzo.

zo-nyít-fo (see zu-nyo-fo) s. the magpic, robin, Copsychus saularis M. Je 2,115. zo-nyo s. a species of fern. zo-nyo-lăn B. a crystal.

zo tun-dyu (see tun-dyu) s. a spec. of spider.

zo-nun-fo s. u spec. blackbird Turdulus Wardi. M.

zo-tsun-bo s. a species of beetle.
20-ro seo ban.

zo-šóp tŭk-nyom Tbr. for num-on tuk

a-20 s. the taste of fruit, the flavour, nyom Mantis religiosa.

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*zoń 1. 8. T. gzoń s. a chisel, a gimlet. zon 2. rum-zon pa-no s. the god of waters, presented arms the ban, bow and arrows to men and taught them to shoot fish; his wife: nă-li pŭn-di.

zop vb. to tread or knead with feet, also to press together with hand as mouth of basket etc; used also in sense of to oppress, to suffocate, mă-ró nan-zop vb. to screw down a person, hik tuk tuk tok zap to twist neck of fowl. pa-zop s. a sort of basket larger at bottom than top no-pa-zop. zap-pă zop-pă sce zap, sup-zop-li drawing together, as mouth of bag, 8.-2.-là mat vb. to draw together (as mouth of bag).

zor 1. a-zor s. a pair, a couple (as cock and hen), a-zor mă-nyin-nŭm-bo s. a widow Tbr.

zor 2, să-zor-lă long pointed as ears a-nyor sa-zor-lă.

*zó 1. T. mdsos vb. n. to be elegant, to be magnificent, to have fine appearance, to be splendid, núk-ba zó nyi thơ appearance is beautiful, zó dot vb. to beautify. zó 2. vb. t. to hang up to dry, as meat, clothes.

zó 3. fyù zó 8. a Hindûstânî cookingvessel: tun-li, probably from its more handsome (zó 1.) appearance than the Tibetan.

zó rón-mo (ti-bo) ace. M. Tur.: the world. (?)

*zók 1. T. 'dsag(-pa) vb. n. to drop, to fall in drops.


zók 2. zók fat 8. earth L. Pr. zók s. all jungle fruit, yams etc. in opp. to rice, which is the chief nä-mór the staple-food; - pu-zók, pun-zók s. the forest, the jungle, uncultivated land, på zók-să adjly. of or belonging to jungle, wild, uncultivated; pů-zók mi ryek čak vb. to burn the jungle; pa-zók sát vb. to clear jungle; — på-zók kúp s an illegitimate child; pu-zók-bam-bo adj. s. a dweller (dwelling) in the woods, a forester; a rustic; pȧ-zók gyu-nyim-bo s. adj. (one) nequainted with the woods, a skilful

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*zóń 2. T. bzań vb. n. to be good, zón bam; mă-zů zón good health, hó má-ză zóй- are you well? mă-zũ mă-zóй-ne to bo in bad health. - *zón len T. bzań lan s. a return for good, a good return, gratitude, remuneration, zón len čik or byi vb. to remunerate, to make a good return, zóñ-ñŭñ-ka jăn len čík to return evil for good.-a-zón adj. good, efficacious (as medicine).

zóń 3. a-zóń T. geun(-po) s. 1. a younger brother-in-law, 2. husband of father's sister.

zón 4. T. 'dsans(-pa) vb. n. to be gone, to be expended, to be spent, used also by Lepcha's incorrectly for "to be sold" as bik zón nón the cow is sold.

zón 5. zón vb. to depart, dy. hú-do lokruk-săñ-så kā-ta-ka ná-var-ka må-vón-ne yan-lă hŭ lo-kruk-săn kă-ta zón nón J. went not with his disciples into the boat, but that his disciples were gone away alone J. zón cóm vb. to leave, a-bo-năn kā-sum kā-ta zón má-čóm-ne the father hath not left me alone J. zón adj. alone, kat-zón id., affix: only, merely, a-tet zón only so much, kam zón adv. a little M., only a little.

zón 6. vb. to exceed, to abound, to be excessive, kóm zón to have abundance of money; rín zón gùn a-fo răl-lúñ kā vi cik-so if you talk so much I will dash your teeth out and weigh them in my hand; to be excessive, more than sufficient nor zón nón steel to be overtempered; met. dón zón adj. brazenfaced, vb. to be audacious; suk zón to be dismayed, deteriorated, blunted; to be great, large, numerous, pun zón s. a crowd, a herd, a flock, vik pun zón s. a large army; mik krap zóń deep sleep. wild, incultivated, a-zón (opp. a-fyan) adj. wild, uncultivated.


to be

zót vb. t. (see zo?) to graze, to pasturago a-zót 8. pasture, food for cattle

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as teeth in rage, zóm-lŭn dam vb. to press down and tie, li čap zóm to keep down thatch as by placing weights. zóm, 3. pun-zóm expletive to pŭn-jŭm fiend, enemy.

zór 1. (seo zók, på-zók) 8. jungle, thicket. zór 2. 8. a cracking or irritation between toes.

zól 1. vb. n. to become old (as potatoes etc. a-zól adj. old; 2. to be careless or regardless as to one's words or actions, to be unobservant of decency, to be apathetic.

zól 2, zól zół or să-zól s. a light laugh opp. suk-prok a boisterous laugh, s-zól tyan vb. to laugh merrily, sa-zól-bo adj. merry.


yǎ the twenty-first letter of the L. alpha- honour; yă-lă yă-lå mat advly, knowingly; bet T. WEnglish y.

yă 1. verbal particle, perhaps M., nón ya-ba p. to go; - yăl-là i. q. pu, go nón yal-la I may perhaps go, šu ka gyek yal-la whoever may be born, să-tet nyi yŭl-lă how many may there be.

yă 2., yá, vb. yám; fut. yă-šo, neg. măyan-ne to know, to comprehend, to understand, to be acquainted with, so-nap-nun so-sin ma-ya-ne not to distinguish night from daybreak; yă găn mă-yă-nũn zón mat vb. to pretend not to know where one does know P.; hó yă-pa you know, you know best; a-fin-re o-lom yả bản when the lord knew J. mi mak măyu-ne to know no dying; yál-lă mă-yănne not to know at all, mă-yă-nă-bo adj. unknowingly, unexpectedly; hu-ka yu-så mă-nyin-ne ho has no consciousness, he is dead; ya-tet dun vb. to tell as much as one knows; yă-lå mat vb. to do knowingly, to learn, to know, to esteem, to

to have the property of, to possess; to resolve upon, to determine, san-bi-năn din ma-ya-ne when sitting to have no inclination to rise; to be able, to can, a-lo nyón yo lin mă-yảă-ne I have got indescribable sensations. - yă-wũn 8. knowledge, yă-wun-re the k. yám-bo one acquainted with, one skilled in, a sharp, intelligent person; yám-bo-nun bon-kyān tyu-ren mik-kyan tyu-ren ši-wun ya-šo an intelligent person will understand by merely seeing the corner of the mouth move or the corner of the eye twinkle.

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ya-ši T. ye-šes vb. to become apparent, yā-ší-là mat to obtain knowledge of, to contrive, to find out, ma-yā mā-ši-nũn kyól vb. to err thro' ignorance, yám-šim kón-na be ye wise. ma-ya mă-ši-ne to be ignorant of, not to perceive, ya-pla to become apparent.

Deriv. yám, a-yám s. knowledge, pleasure, a-yám bi vb. to instruct, a-yám zuk

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