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he became incarnate; for, as Christ is God, and God is immensity itself, and fills all space, the bringing him in does not signify any motion from place to place, but the humiliation of himself when he became man, or when he assumed human nature; and it is plain that all the elect ángels of God did worship him on the very day of his birth. “ And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them; and they were afraid. And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you' good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto
For unto you is born this day, in the city of David, a saviour, which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will towards men,” Luke ïi. 8—14. There is one particular in this passage that strikes me, and that is, there is first an account of one angel speaking, and of no more; “ And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them.” Again: “And the angel said un'to them, Fear not; for, behold, I bring you good tidings,” &c.; and then all the heavenly host began their anthem. From which it appears to me
that he was an archangel that led in the worship of our Immanuel, and very likely the angel Gabriel, which was the name of the angel that brought to Zacharias the tidings of the birth of John, our Lord's forerunner; as it is written, “ I am Gabriel that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.” We have the name of this angel again, telling Mary of our Lord's conception and birth : “ And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph.” Hence I conclude that it was the angel Gabriel that led in the worship of Christ; and all the rest joined the chorus and followed in it. From which it appears that the truth from which the angels departed lies in these three things:
1. That Adam was the figure of Christ, and Christ the truth of that type.
2. That the decree declared respecting the sonship of Christ is the second branch of truth, for he is the Son of the Father in truth and love.
3. The word of God is truth, whether it be commandments or promises, and shall stand fast for ever; for the scriptures cannot be broken, nor shall one jot ever pass away unfulfilled; nor will God call back his word, or alter the thing that is gone forth out of his lips; and this is a truth, among many others, Worship him, all ye gods;" " Let all the angels of God worship him.” And
this command stands fast, for all the angels of God did worship him; and, if fallen angels did not, or would not, it doth not alter the matter, for it is plain they have lost the title of being angels of God, and are all called devils to this day, and will continue to be devils to all eternity,
I do not suppose that all these things were fully made known to the angels at the hour of their creation, but rather at the marriage of Adam and Eve, and more fully in heaven soon after; for God declareth “ the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure,” Isaiah xlvi. 10. The angels knew their Creator to be the Son of God, for unto the angels he saith, “ Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.” And they had all seen Adam, the figure of him that was to come, by which they knew that their Creator was to be made a little lower than the angels, or for a little while inferior to them. This was made known to them, and they were to adore him in his incarnation; for, “When he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him." This seems to have been the rock of offence even to these angels, and it was the stumblingblock of the Jews of old. And against God manifest in the flesh do all devils Atheists, Deists, Socinians, Arminians, and Arians, and all others that are stanch in Satan's cause, kick to this day, which shews
whose interest it is that they espouse, and whose work they do.
Satan abode not in the truth, says Christ. To abide in the truth is to acquiesce in it, embrace it, and obey it. But Satan rejected it, and rebelled against it; and for this rebellion he lost all his native glory, the favour of God, and of the Son of God; at which all his happiness, modesty, humility, holiness, love, reverence, and filial fear of God, forsook him, when pride lifted him up
and swelled his mind; and enmity, malice, and revenge, inflamed him, smoked and burnt in him. O what a change was this! “ The angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.” Their first estate was glory, holiness, and happiness; but now misery. Their habitation was heaven; but now it is this world, and the hearts of sinful men: He worketh in the children of disobedience. Their chains are their unpardonable transgressions, the hot displeasure and wrath of God, and the curbing restraints of his providence. Their darkness is their implacable enmity against God and his saints, their dark designs against them, and their furious and impetuous haste, being always hurried on by rage and malice to resist and counteract whatever appears to be the will and design of God.
At the fall of angels God did not deprive them of their strength, light, knowledge, wisdom, or understanding; these are left to aggravate their misery. They are wonderfully strong. This ap
: pears by the havoc they made in Egypt when God cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them, Psalm lxxviii. 49. And in Job also. When Satan obtained leave of God to afflict him, a banditti of Sabeans fell upon the oxen, asses, and servants; a fire from the air. burnt up both sheep and shepherds; the Chaldeans fell upon the camels, and slew all their. keepers; a wind from the wilderness smote the house at all its four corners and killed all the children at once.
He soon mustered the armies of his wrath, and raised both wind and fire when God let him loose, or lengthened out the chain of his providence. Nor did he stop here; he smote, Job in his mind with the darts of his rage, and his body with boils from head to foot. His power is great; God himself calls him, the strong, Isaiah liïi. 12. And having such strength aggravates him, because, look which way he will, he meets with omnipotence. If he looks to God he trembles at his power; and if to the poor sheep of Christ, they are possessed with an omnipotent spirit; and if to the world, there is the omnipotence of Providence checking, restraiņing, and overruling; so that he is like a wild bull in a net.
His light of knowledge is great. There is not an influence, operation, or sensation, of the Spirit, no, nor yet a fruit or grace of the Holy Spirit, but