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• PERCA 2. Major fubargentea maculata, pinnis migrantibus. 'The Paracuta, and Paracute of Cat. ii. t. 1!
These two Fishes are fo like each other, that it is tiecessary to be well acquainted with the different appearances of both, ' to be able to diftinguith the one from the other'with any cer
tainty. The first feldom exceeds seventeen inches in length, but the other frequently grows to be three feet and a half, or better. The head is of an oblong conic form, bony, and pretty sharp at the point; but the lower jaw is somewhat longer than the upper : the mouth or rietus is very large ; the jaws in proportion to the head, and well furnished with teeth, of an oblong lanceolated form, whereof the two foremost pierce through so many sockets formed in the tip of the upper jaw, while the others lodge on either fide of the oppofite teeth. The tongue is of an oblong figure, rough, and denticulated; and the branchiostegeous membrane fuftained by feven offacles. The aperture of the gills is very wide; the eyes large, the iris of a silver white; the body 'long and tapering, pretty tumid, and slightly covered with small scales. The pectoral fins are of an oblong make, and
placed near the bronchial apertures; but the yentrals are ? more remote. The dorsal fos are two in number, the fore5 most of which is sustained by five pointed radii, and situated 6 in the fore-part of the back; but the other is placed oppo,
site to the anal, which it relembles very much, both being nearly of the same size, and of a triangular figure. The tail is forked; and the lateral line stretched almoft in a di. rect line from the upper part of the bronchial aperture, or
opening of the gills, to the middle of the tail. They are 5 filhes of prey, and seldom spare any thing that comes in
their way; but the last fpecies is very ravenous, and being
much larger than the other, is more remarkable for its dar$ ing attempts. They are both firm and palatable fishes, and
much esteemed by many people...But it may not be amiss to observe, for the information of ftranges, that however palatable these fish are, many difagreeable consequences attend the eating some of them, particularly the larger species ; fuch as violent vomitings and purgings, pains in the extremities, and sometimes a general itching eruption on the skin; many of them, indeed, are perfectly wholesome and pleasant; but tho' the cooks use several methods to distinguish such as are called poisonous *, yet they are sometimnes deceived. The 1.* The common experiment is, to put a filver spoon, or a dollar, into the kettle with the fih, and if the filver is not discoloured, the fith is esteemed good, ;
more secure way of dressing, is to caveac them; ti. e. cut in fices, and fried in oil, and afterwards put into a pickle of spiced vinegar.
Erin The third chapter is employed in describing Reptiles : these are divided under Şerpents, Lizards, Tortoise, and Frogs. We shall select the outside
CHAMÆLION 1. Major cinereus, caudâ in fpiram invo
latá, pedibus pentadactylis unguiculatis; digitis duobus
tribusque coadnatis et oppofitis. In - The large grey Chamælion. Ind bringe ting is
I have taken the liberty of describing this creature under its ancient appellation, having separated it from the Lizard kind, on account of the peculiar form of the head, and difposition of the toes; which, with some other remarkable particularities, both in its mechanism and genus, distinguish it fufficiently from the rest of the tribe. • The head is large and bony in all the species of this genus: the fockets of the eyes very deep; the jaws beset with
teeth ; and the bone that covers the forehead stretches a "good way back over the neck and shoulders. The body is moderately large, and thicker than most of the lizard kind,
in proportion to the length. The tail winds downwards in a spiral form; and the toes are disposed like those of parrots, in two opposite bundles, which enables it to hold itself very fteadily on the smaller branches of trees, where it chiefly keeps. “This species is a native of Africa, and was brought to Jamaica from the coast of Guinea. It is extremely flow in e its motion, though it chiefly fupplies itself with food from • the most nimble tribe of infects; (Aies) but whatever Nature has denied it in agility, seems to be abundantly supplied in mechanism; for its flow and easy motion renders it but little suspected at a distance; and when it comes within a certain space of the object, it stretches out its tail, poises its body, and fixes itself fo as to meet but seldom with a disappointment in its attack: when all is ready, it uncoils its long, Tender muscular tongue, and darts it, as it were, with such unconceivable swiftness, that it hardly ever fails of its prey. But though the flowness of its motion alone would naturally prevent any fufpicion in those agile little bodies, while it keeps at a distance, it adds another piece of mechanism to the former, and changes its colour constantly with its ftation, putting on the same hue and complexion with every sprig or branch, &c. on which it fixes itself.'
$. Among the feathered tribe, to which the fourth chapter is devoted, few are more curious than the Polytmi; four forts of these are mentioned. * POLYTMUS 1. Major nigrans "aureo varie splendens,
* pinnis binis uropigii longijinis.roc. • The long-tailed, black-cap'd Humming bird of Edw, t. 34. & Sl. t. 264,3".
Poi minte POLY'TMUS 2. Medius nigrans aureo subsplendens, pinnis
uropigii deftitutus, caudă fubtus fubcracell,
POLYTMUS 3. Viridans aurcq variè splendens, pinnis bi-
POLYTMUS 4. Minimus variegatus, • The little Humming bird of Edw, t. ult. « All the birds of this kind are easily distinguished by their very delicate make, various glossy colours, small size, long flender arched bills, very short legs and thighs, and Iwift easy flight. They live chiefly upon the nectar of Aowers, which they fap upon the wing, and pass from one blossom or i tree to another, with inconceivable agility. They are na? turally very gentle; but when they neftle they grow fierce,
and are frequently observed to chace the largelt birds that come near their haunts, with great fury, and this they can
do the more readily, as their fight, which is extremely quick, 4 enables them to attack their adversary in every part of the
body, and continue an equal progressive motion also: but they generally attack the eyes, and other tender parts, and by that means put the others in great confusion, while they endeavour to make off. The motion of these little birds is extremely nimble, Aying frequently backwards and fora wards, to and fro, in an instant, and that, often, with
their bodies in a perpendicular position, but as they return • from these chacing combats, their Aight is so swift that cannot observe them, nor know what course they take, but
by the rushing noise they make as they cut through the air. 1. They make their little nests chiefly of cotton, or the down
of fonie other plants, intermixed with a few hairs, and a - little fine moss; and faften them generally, to some small
branch of an orange or lemon tree, whefe they are well
vered by the foliage and larger branches.' yQuadrupedes, are the subject of the fifth chapter, in which the most extracrdinary thing is, that our Author Thould rank Z 4
the human species among this class of animals, under the title of Anthropomorphites.
LES Having gone thro' the two first parts of our Author's work, we naturally expected the third, as it is promised in the title, and expressly distinguished in his preface. There are comnionly the last printed ; and if it was not intended to give this part, why was it mentioned? The Doctor, by way of apology, tells us at the end of this volume, that he would willingly have s added the three differtations ;--but as [his work] has alrea
dy swelled to the bulk he designed, and that the feason of the year is too far advanced to finish the whole this
year, he determined to publish the Civil and Natural History alone; 5. leaving those, with another on Worm-fevers, &c. which < will make a small volume in 8vo. to be printed the ensuing
season.'-But is this keeping his word with his subscribers? pay, is not every one who buys this book, upon the credit of its title-page, deceived in his purchase? In Thort, what would have been highly culpable in a jobbing bookseller, is more inexcusable in a scholar, and a gentleman.
We shall here take leave of Dr. Brown; without troubling our Readers' with observations on the inaccuracies of his style; or attempting to be witty upon his Irishisms. We have given pretty large extracts, and his defects will be sufficiently obvious to an intelligent Reader.
Continuation of Voyage d'Egypté et de Nubie, par Monfieur
F. L. NORDEN.
AVING,' in our laft, given an account of what this
Author has faid concerning the pyramids and obelisks in Egypt, we return to his description of Old Alexandria. |
„The wall, with the towers that surround it, are in a very ruinous condition. The towers are not all of the fame size or form; fome are round, others square, The wall likewise, is higher and thicker in some places, than in others; in general about thirty or forty feet high, and twenty thick: the whole is very mailive. The pillars have not fuch capitals as would induce one to believe them the work of the age of Alexander, The wall does not seem to have inclosed fo large a space as, according to all accounts, the old city muft have covered ; and the whole appears fo much in the tafte of the Saracens, that our Author cannot think of any other people for the architects. The bodies of the pillars were, without doubt, taken from the ruins of Alexandria, probably from Cleopatra's palace;
but then it must be owned that Barbarians only could apply them to the purposes they were made to serve in these buildings, viz. to support the inside of the towers belonging to the wall that.inclosed the city.
Within the walls are seen nothing but ruins, except a very few mosques, churches, gardens, and some cisterns, which laft are kept in tolerable sepair, to fupply the city with watct. Near Cleopatra's obelisk may be feen the churches of St. Mark and St. Catherine, in which fervice is performed by Gopts and Greeks. They have "nothing to recommend them but their names ; and are fo gloomy, dirty, and full of lampsi, that they rather resemble the temples of some demon, than the house of God. There is nothing that deserves -notice in St. Mark's, but an old wooden chairy in which that Evangelift is said to have fat. In the other church, St. Catherine's, is thewn, with great veneration, a bit of the pillar upor which, it is pretended, that Saint was beheaded; and they say, that fome red spots which appear on it, were drops of her blood. Not far from this church is a hill raised from the ruins of the city, and called St. Catherine's mount; there is also another of the same fort and-fize. They have both been fo often turned over, as to appear like a heap of duft; and no thing more is now found, except, when washed by the rain, some antique seals, cameos, and other little curiofitiés : for the Saracens, like the Goths and Vandals at Rome, picked out the gems from the rings, and flung them away, that they might have the gold by itself.
Our Author fays he faw a great many of these stones, but none that were well cut.
Before we take our leave of the city, we must obferve, that there are fome pillars of granite, without capitals, larger at the base than at the top, and one third hidden under ground. They stand in the way that leads to Rosetta, and may have formed a colonnade, or portico, for shelter, before the houses. Having passed the gate of Rosetta, you come to that stately monument called Pompey's pillar. It is the greatest and most magnificent column the Corinthian Order bas produced. The fhaft is one entire piece of granite, the capital is likewise one piece of marble, and the pedestal a greyifh ftone, 'not unlike Aint. Our Author refers bis Readers to the plate he has given of this pillar, for its dimensions; but they are omitted. The foundation on which this noble column, and its pedestal, ate Supported, has been damaged by an Arabian, who fufpe&ting that a treasure had been buried under it, attempted to blow up the whole; but being a bad engineer, failed in his defigng and only drove out four stones, making a void space of about three