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ose who are curious in woodcuts, and wish archase some blocks of the olden time, may the prices of some very ancient ones by ing a stamp to Mr. W. Chapman, York, copy of his illustrated catalogue.
HE AUTHOR OF "JUNIUS."-The late Mr. ph Parkes, whose literary tastes were as known to those who were intimate with as his political and public labours were to contemporaries in general, devoted a very ge portion of his time during the later years his life to an inquiry into the life of Sir Philip
cis, and his alleged connection with the etters of Junius. In the pursuit of his investition of these subjects, he became possessed of large mass of original papers and correpondence of Sir Philip and members of his mily; of the manuscript reminiscences and ther memorials of him left by Lady Francis, Sir Philip's second wife; of a number of misellaneous papers which had been in possession of Henry Sampson Woodfall, the publisher of the Public Advertiser; together with a quantity of other MS. materials, lent or given him by persons, members of whose families had been connected in various ways with Francis during his Jong career. The arrangement of these materials, and the completion of a life founded on them, became an engrossing occupation with Mr. Parkes But he commenced his operations on them upon a scale which the present Editor found it impossible to maintain. Mr. Parkes left behind him eight chapters completed, condacting his hero only down to the year 1768, in which the first Letter of Junius appeared. At that point his labours were terminated by death. Had he lived to complete them, the work must have been extended through several volumes, and would have contained a storehouse of information, not respecting its immediate subject alone, but concerning much of the intimate history of English public men through the whole ragn of George the Third. Mr. Parkes left a very large quantity of materials as yet unused, but not in such order as to enable a successor to take up the thread of the narrative, and continue iten anything like the scale on which he had commenced it. The Editor, Mr. Herman Merivale, has therefore contented himself with completing the Life on a reduced plan, and leaving Sir Philip Francis to speak chiefly for himself, and the Junian" portion of the subject to unravel itself, by extracts, as far as space would admit, from the great body of manuscripts entrusted to hm for the purpose by the family of Mr. Parkes. The work, which will make two volumes, will be published by Messrs. Longman.
A FINE ART CATALOGUE.-South Kensington, well known, is desirous of rivalling, or, if possible, outshining the British Museum. One of the greatest glories of the latter is its unrivalled library. Like all large collections, the Museum library is very deficient in books of particular classes; but perhaps its greatest weak
is in works connected with the Fine Arts. Here there was a splendid opportunity for the authorities of the Museum of Science and Art. Acordingly, it was determined to get up a comFrehensive catalogue, not only of the books at Brompton, but of all that are to be found in the
rld. In this, all books, however remotely bearing upon Art, were to be included; all books with illustrations, all books that should or could
illustrated; all books relating to artists, their Fathers, mothers, wives, or mistresses; all ooks relating to the countries or towns of Artists; all books relating to all subjects but the
exact sciences, sermons, and controversial theology were to be included. A Mr. J. H. Pollen, who was at one time, if we mistake not, a Tractarian clergyman at Leeds, and since then a Roman Catholic layman, was employed to edit this precious work. A grant of £500 was first obtained, then another of £1,000; and lastly, it was determined to spend £5,000 in advertising it piecemeal in the columns of the Times. Having proceeded so far, and having shown how deficient all our public libraries are in such works, the next move would have been a vote of £20,000 or £25,000 a year for the purchase of the books, the appointment of a librarian at a salary of £1,000 a year, and perhaps of a travelling agent to report and purchase books abroad. The concocters of the scheme made one unfortunate mistake, a mistake fatal to all such schemes-they made it public. Now, publicity is fatal to cleverness. Very clever people and South Kensington swarms with them-should have been aware of this, and, like birds of wisdom, have shunned the light of day. For the present, the scheme is in abeyance, but only for a time; the originators have spent too much pains in its conception to let it rest. Learning a lesson from their failure, they will not reveal their plan; but having secured" Lords," and being well screened by a Treasury "my Minute, they will say nothing about it until they think proper to tell us that they have been enabled to purchase a most extensive and exhaustive library of Art Books, and only require the moderate sum of a hundred thousand pounds to pay for them, with a quarter of a million sterling for a building to hold them, and twelve or fifteen thousand pounds a year for a curator and staff of attendants.
THE CAMDEN SOCIETY.-The report for 1867 has just been issued, from which we learn that the following three volumes, viz. :—
I. Notes on Pope Alexander the Seventh and the College of Cardinals. By the Rev. Dr. John Bargrave. Edited by the Rev. J. Craigie Robertson, M.A., Canon of Canterbury;
II. Accounts and Papers relating to Mary Queen of Scots. Edited by Allan J. Crosby, Esq., and John Bruce, Esq.;
III. History from Marble. Being Ancient and Moderne Funeral Monuments in England and Wales, by Thomas Dineley, Gent. Fac-simile in Photo-Lithography, by Vincent Brooks. With an Introduction by J. G. Nichols, F.S.A. Part I.
will be issued to subscribers for 1865. The lastnamed work is not yet ready. One of our contemporaries suggests that the Camden Society might give more to present subscribers, and leave posterity to provide for itself.
The estimates for Education, Science, and Art, for 1867-8, amount to £1,487,554, and contain the following items :
Public Education, Great Britain
BRITISH MUSEUM.—A parliamentary paper, just issued, gives a large amount of information respecting the British Museum. The number of visitors, exclusive of readers, in 1866, was 408,279; an increase of 40,000 upou the previous year, but less than half the number of 1862. In the reading-room the whole number of books selected by readers was 4,034 per day, for the 292 days during which the room was open. average daily number of readers was 342; therefore they must each have consulted nearly twelve books per day. In the course of the year there were added to the library 34,160 volumes;
31,917 separate numbers, periodicals, newspapers, &c.; 286 manuscripts, and 704 charters; while large additions have been made, by purchase and gift, to the series of portraits, prints, caricatures, &c., of the English masters. creased facilities are afforded to real students for the examination of books and manuscripts, while effort is made to rid the reading-room of mere novel-readers and idlers.
The Hall of Arts and Sciences at Kensington (says the London Review) was opened on the 20th inst. by the Queen, the Prince of Wales and his brother having arrived express from Paris to take part in the ceremony. A piece of music by the late Prince Consort was performed, and the usual meaningless trowel business gone through. We wish every success to the Hall of Arts and Sciences, but we do not clearly understand what it is intended for. "Arts" and "sciences" may include anything from the Polytechnic to the more candid Mechanics' Institute, and we have already more halls than our taste for either art or science can fill. One of the most sensible reports of the proceedings appears in a new comic paper, the Tomahawk, which makes the Prince of Wales to say "I don't know what this place is to be; I believe a sort of West-end music-hall. I've been obliged to take a private box. I wish some one would take it off my hands. I shall ask Lucca to come and sing here, and Arthur Lloyd too-that will be rather jolly. I hope my box is on the pit tier. I suppose I must say something about this stupid place. It has been got up by puffing and gentle pressure. Lots of fellows have taken boxes because they were afraid of offending my mother. They wish they had not done it. I suppose Cole will give lectures here, and charge a guinea for tickets. I hope I shan't have to come and hear him. There will be a nice staff of curators, superintendents, boxkeepers, check-takers, &c.—all well paid. If we say it's all in memory of my father, Parliament will be obliged to vote the money. I shall try and get some of my friends places. I always have to say in my speeches that I want to walk in my father's footsteps; but I don't. I think you may praise a man too much, even when he's dead. It makes people tired of him. 73 There is truth as well as satire in this.
PARIS EXHIBITION.-Mr. Dillwyn has moved for a return, the production of which will, perhaps, excite some consternation amongst the persons so employed. The address moved for a "return of the names of all persons employed or engaged by this country in connection with the Paris Exhibition and the Exhibition Catalogue, the part they have taken in the work, the nature of their previous employments or professions, and the amount of remuneration paid or to be paid them; and a separate account of all moneys paid or to be paid for travelling, rent, lodgings, and all other expenses."
JURORS AT PARIS.-According to the estimates, there have been appointed 85 jurors, 52 assistantjurors, 18 delegates, and 85 reporters, at an average cost of £50 each. Some of these will appear to have had an easy time of it-in Class 90, for instance, there is but one English exhibitor, and he shows but one volume; yet, in order to judge of its merits, there are a juror and an assistant-juror, with a "reporter" to describe its merits. Who are the jurors in Classes 6 and 7, books and bindings, we scarcely know, but believe that they are-Mr. George Clowes, of Stamford Street, for printing, and Mr. Warren De La Rue, of Bunhill Row, for binding. Mr. Rivers Wilson, a clerk in the
of Class 6." In the catalogue, we obse names of Lord Houghton as vice-preside that of Mr. Baillie Cochrane, M.P., as a juror. A long list of committee men a tioned by name; these, we understan taken no part in the matter, but sever sponsible persons, whose names are not i were very actively engaged in supplyin mation and advice to the jury.
ROME. We hear that we may shortly to receive an account of the catacombs inscriptions therein found, such as implicitly trusted. Mr. John Henry after some difficulty, obtained permission Pope, and after much more difficulty that Cardinals, to take photographs of the inscri By means of the magnesian light he was e to do this, and thus, for the first time, g world an actual facsimile of what has lon supposed to be the work of the early Chri in the time of the first persecution. We that the result is somewhat disappointing, of the remains being evidently of Pagan or and others the work of the 8th or 9th cent and but little that is traceable to the persee Christians who were compelled to worship t PARIS. The Marquise de Boissy (Co Guiècioli) is preparing a work which M. A will shortly publish: it consists of her recolle of Lord Byron, with a number of unpubl documents. The first volume is already pri the title-page is simply "BYRON." The and concluding volume is now at press.
The Round Table, published at New Ye in many respects the most creditable lit paper that has been issued in Americ many years. The editor is evidently Ame to the back-bone; but, at the same time, b large literary sympathies. No English be condemned on account of its birth, nor i American author unduly praised because b not "raised on this side of the Atlantic reviews, too, are, on the whole, written scholarly and conscientious manner. Thei Table occasionally handles subjects upon Americans are exceedingly sensitive; the treated with a remarkable degree of boldnes independence, and, as the paper is read large number of the soundest thinkers i States, its influence must be great. Or subject, we think, the editor's usually sound ment has failed him; and that is, in the admi of too much personality, especially in his En correspondent's letters. No doubt there a America, as there are here also, many pe who like to know that Mr. Tennyson we wide-a-wake hat, that Mr. Thackeray's nose not remarkable for its prominence, and that legs of Mr. Dickens's chairs are not strai but considerably bowed. Good taste keeps private matters out of English papers; a somewhat notorious writer of gossip in country dwells very much at Coventry, in' sequence of his known habit of catering morbid appetites. We do not wish to see Round Table carried on on precisely the Ea system, but we think it open to improvet and, with all good wishes, point out what we sider a weakness. With the trifling excer
we have referred to, we think the editor do better than follow the line of managemen bas marked out for himself.
inted as leve, Mr. Ene; but in 1 Complm signs as
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W. J. Linton, of New York, is preparing story of wood-engraving from the earliest in England, Germany, France, America, elsewhere. The volume, which is to be ed abroad, and of which three hundred es will be printed for subscribers only, is to profusely illustrated with proofs on India chrane, MP. er of the best works of the best masters, f comm, when possible, from the original blocks, in other cases by photography from early is There will also be samples of faulty style, cuts of original subjects designed to show manifold capabilities of wood-engraving. be subjects treated in the book include a comlete history of the art, ancient and modern, esigned to supply the deficiencies of previous works on the subject, none of which can claim completeness; criticisms of the merits of different schools; instructions for artists; with accounts of eminent engravers.-Round Table.
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graphs xian light or the le of what k of the t persen what dis idently of the S aceable
CHINA-The example of Japan appears to have awakened the members of the Tsong-li-yamea, or Council of the School of Languages, to a sense of the lamentable deficiency existing in their own intellectual resources; and the estabishment of a college for European languages and science in Pekin is now at length un fait accompli. By dint of repeated admonitions and the influence of foreign intercourse, the Chinese Government has been made to understand that npelled Europeans can furnish it with knowledge which it does not possess. The acknowledgment of this latter fact is a great step towards the emancipation of the Chinese mind, hitherto so selfsufficient and exclusive.
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In a long memorial or petition, according to celestial usage, the Emperor has been reasoned with, and so convinced, that he has endorsed the document with the words, "THE PRECEDING IS APPROVED." "RESPECT THIS."
The memorial enters fully and clearly into the advantages to be derived from the study of the mathematical sciences, as they are cultivated in Europe, and applied in the construction of ma chinery, &c.; also the desirability of the attention of the literary graduates being turned to the study of European languages as a means of learning much respecting the outer world, with which the Chinese are at present unacquainted. Some of the particular reasons given in the petition are so remarkable, that we give them at length:
"In proposing the study of the mathematical sciences,
ere also, Mr. Tenny Thacke minence, and hairs are n Good taste b English pape iter of at Coventry habit of cate
do not wish
by their imagination alone. We have seriously refetal upon the subject before presenting to your Majesty this present memorial. We know that persons more accus
ed to debate than to reflect will say that we are coning ourselves with matters of only moderate utility; that we wish to set aside the ancient Chinese modes to follow foreign practices; and that it is contrary to Chinese ity to allow ourselves to be instructed by European ters. Those who speak thus show that they know little of what is passing in the world. Up to the present time China has tried to be powerful by her own resources. But is clear now that Chinese genius has produced all it is able to produce, and that intelligent persons do not conceal from themselves that, in order to walkalone in future,
point out it must first resolve to receive from Europeans those sciences
think the ed
and arts in which it is deficient. Clearly therefore, it is
foreigners. The Europeans admit that they have borrowed from China-or at any rate from the East-the notions upon which their sciences are now-a-days based. With their spirit of research and constant application, they have increased these notions, drawn from them all the profit possible, and have finally discarded antiquated theories in favour of those more modern and exact. The root is Chinese, but the tree that has been developed is European. This is the case with arithmetic and astronomy, and perhaps also with other sciences. If China had continued to cultivate the sciences, she would not now be reduced to have recourse to the experience of other nations. Clearly this would be far preferable. But is the idea of having recourse to the science of the Europeans, and of requesting lessons from them, new? Did not the Emperor Kang-hi, with his vast intelligence, recognise this necessity by admitting many among them to the mathematical tribunal, and treating them like Chinese functionaries? Recent generations ought not to set aside, as they have done, the science of numbers, since our philosophers themselves have placed it at the head of human knowledge. To those who may say that China humiliates herself in seeking instruction from foreigners, we shall reply that, if one thing in particular can make a nation blush, it is to be ignorant of that which others know. What immense progress have not Europeans made during the last fifty years in the construction of steam-ships-to cite only a single fact-incessantly seeking after better combinations, and vieing with each other in labour and efforts. Even Japan has sent to Europe officers intended to seek instruction in the various sciences there taught. Thus, without speaking of European nations, each of which seeks to raise itself above the others by knowledge and civilization, Japan has not wished to remain in the rear. That country also desires to take its place among the strong, while China alone, continuing obstinate in her indifference and her ancient customs, would condemn herself to stand aloof from the general activity. This is a true reason of disgrace. We foresee also that it will be said: The construction of machines is the task of labourers; why teach these things to literate persons? We shall reply, that in the ancient book Tcheou-li,' there is a chapter upon carpentry, which literate persons have read with interest during many ages, and for which they have a great esteem. Why is this? Because, if the workman must execute the manual labour in any construction, it is the literate person who ought to know the natural law, the principle upon which that construction is based. It is by this knowledge that he may render the labour of the workman useful by directing and applying it with discernment. It is these natural laws that we are desirous should be known, and it is by them that the literate person will point out to the artizan the full benefit he may extract from any given process. We therefore submit for your Majesty's approval the following code of regulations, trusting it may meet with your high approbation. Lastly, we beg to suggest that as the hau-lin (academicians) of the three classes possessing a high degree of literary education, and accustomed to grave and arduous studies, are now but little employed in the administration, it would be well to invite them to study the mathematical sciences, in which they would make rapid progress. We respectfully await the time when your Majesty and her Majesty the Empress shall deign to acquaint us with what is thought of our proposals."
The Rev. W. C. Burns, missionary at Pekin, has published in the Mandarin colloquial dialect the first part of the Pilgrim's Progress, and expects to publish the remainder during the year. He has also completed the translation of the Psalms into Chinese.
SHANGHAI-The Tantai, or Governor, has bought type and presses for a printing office in the European style. Coal gas is now manufactured here, not only for public offices, but also for private houses; and natives are now competing with Europeans in the art of photography.
SIAM. The King of Siam has established a printing office under the management of an Englishman.
JAPAN. From the Allgmeine Zeitung, we learn that at Yeddo there is a newspaper published in Japanese, especially intended to coach up the natives in foreign news. The size is 4to, and the title is, the Ban-Kok-Shin-Bun-Shi. In a recent number, there appeared a conversation in Hyde Park, London, on the subject of the Panama route to San Francisco.
A special government school has been established at Yeddo, for the cultivation of the English, French, and Dutch languages.
NAPLES. Since the change of dynasty the press has been comparatively free, and there are even published in this city 34 political, 5 artistic, 3 legal, 4 religious, 5 theatrical, and 2 literary newspapers or periodicals.
SPAIN.-After undergoing four prosecutions, which are not yet decided, but which, nevertheless, have compelled a thrice-renewed payment of caution money, the journal El Imparcial has ceased to appear. It is difficult to understand how an independent journal could exist under the new press law. The publishers, printers, and booksellers throughout Spain are signing an energetic protest against a proposition that has been submitted to the Congress for an augmentation of the Customs' duty on paper imported from abroad. The authors of this retrograde proposal threaten ruin to thousands of families for the sake of favouring some score of manufacturers, who have managed to profit by a longexercised monopoly, which has enabled them to sell detestable paper at a very high price. Other deputies put forth even more extravagant propositions, demanding not only increased import duties, but absolute prohibition.
INDIA. By a recent Act, all printed and engraved matter, except newspapers, must be registered, and printers are compelled to sell three copies of every work to the local authori ties. One copy will be sent to the Secretary of State, and every quarter a descriptive catalogue will be published in the Gazette. The Act applies to all India, and consolidates the various press and copyright acts. The name of every printer is registered, and the payment of two rupees (four shillings) entitles to copyright. It is thought by those on the spot that, if the descriptive notices be at all full and accurate, the Gazette will contain a mass of filth and obscenity such as has never before been brought together. As it is, an official is employed to translate and send in a weekly report of all papers published in the vernacular of Northern India. In addi
tion to printed matter, there is, it appears, a large and lucrative business carried on in manuscripts. These are the filthiest of all Indian productions.
BOOKBINDING AT THE PARIS
THE month of May has had a marvellous effect upon the general appearance of things, both within and without the building, although much still remains to be done. The English section was the most forward, and in the department of books scarcely a thing has been added since last month, and barely an alteration has been made; even the blackguard literature, filthy songs, and obscene valentines mentioned in our last, retain their prominent positions, as though the South Kensington collectors were proud of their achievement; possibly they are. We were incorrect in saying that no cloth-binder exhibited: Messrs. Trickett and Son do so, but we may readily be forgiven for overlooking their case.
The leather binders who exhibit are Messrs. Hammond, Ramage, & Coppinger, & Zahensdorf. Mr. Riviére applied for space, but for some reason or other did not send in any books. Mr. Bain's name also appears in the list, but the volumes bound by him are only to be seen in the cases of other exhibitors.
Mr. Hammond, nephew and successor of the late John Wright, Noel Street, has chanced to get the first place; and we are by no means sure that he does not merit it. The books in his case have more distinctiveness of character than those
of either of his neighbours, and appare as well finished; the tooling of several 1 the boldest description, and exhibiting fertility of design. As we have had non books in our hands, our remarks only to the outsides. The most noticeable are "Chateaux de la Vallée de la covered with a profusion of elegant t Libri's "Monuments Inédits," massively hand-tooled ; Longmans' Testament," morocco, tooled with bla gold; "Contes de la Fontaine," 2 vols. n style of Louis Quatorze; "Gil Blas," Spanish morocco, with borders; two v on flowers, bound in vellum, elegantly painted; a "Missale Romanum," folio, n Grolier pattern, with four Maltese crosses on each side, having a gilt metal papal centre--a very elegant and imposing Mr. Hammond also exhibits a large nu other books, bound in a very creditable n in calf and morocco.
The next case is that of Messrs. Ram Coppinger, of Eagle Place, Piccadilly. books we have seen and handled, and can fore speak with more confidence respecting merits. Among other works are a compl of Messrs. Macmillan's "Golden Tra series, bound in different styles and patten very covetable lot of books. The most ambi piece of work is a Dante, illustrated by 】 bound in crimson morocco, inlaid with p and green-a most elaborate piece of work ship. The other more noticeable book Aytoun's Lays of the Scottish Cava 4to., crimson morocco, inlaid on a cho ground, with the regal Scottish arms, the arms of the Angus, Graham, Du and Montrose families in their proper he colours; "Paleographia Sacra,
morocco, inlaid to a very antique Grolier with a curious and deep dentelle border inside silk linings. The specimens of ve binding comprise a curious old black lette tion of " Virgil," published in Paris in 150 bound in vellum, painted with an is arabesque pattern in crimson; a copy of of National Poetry," in vellum, inlaid wit morocco in circles covering the entire copy of "Gudrun," post 8vo., inlaid in and green. The tooled and gilt morocco bi comprise, among other books, a large c "Elaine," illustrated by Doré, bound in mg with elegant tooled sides, similar to the i recently bound by them for the Queer 'Erasmus," in polished morocco, with a and striking monogram on the side; a "Sm Text Book," about two inches square, wh a perfect specimen of miniature binding.
Mr. Zaehnsdorf, of Brydges Street, com the trio, and exhibits a number of books will please the most critical eye. Amongi are a copy of the French edition of D
Bible," bound in reddish-brown morocca finished with a broad missal border, inla dark brown, with green leaves and red fie with an ornamental cross in the centre, crown of thorns in the middle; "Atala," illustrated by Doré, in blue morocco, inla the modern style after Maioli. The inside laid with red morocco, and finished with a b telle border; "Don Quixote," orange no. inlaid after Maioli in very bold style; Uh #3 "Gedichte," rich brown morocco, inlaid early Florentine style. The inside has an leaved border and centre-piece, all inlaid, Viollet le Duc's "Dictionnaire de l'A
are," in dark brown morocco-an original gu after Grolier; M.M. Didot's "Virgil and ace," in yellow morocco, inlaid with foliage. re are various other styles exhibited, inMing the Dentelle border (16th century), Fique Calf, Old Calf, Cambridge Calf, Dutch IL, Tree Calf, Old German Calf, and other Yes, modem and antique.
The books bound by Mr. Bain are distributed the several cases of Messrs. Cassell, Messrs. , and of THE BOOKSELLER. They are of
styles and qualities. The Proprietor of the BOOKSELLER exhibits a ze number of “ well-printed books in good lings," with a view of showing the present 2 of both arts. A separate list, with the s of the various printers and binders, as been printed; this may be had on application.
collection is of some interest, inasmuch as it ables one to contrast the styles of different Jurkmen in various parts of the country.
Messrs. Spottiswoode exhibit a number of books hach they have printed for various publishers. these they have printed a catalogue raisonné.
Che exhibit a few specimens of printalso do Messrs. Harrison and Son, who arently do not claim to do first-class work. Closely connected with the binding depart-at, we should notice Mr. John Leighton's vubition of designs, as supplied by him to nearly the leading pablishers. Formerly it was the tan for the printer to put a few flowers or a order on the wrapper of any serial he printed, tal nothing better was looked for. The cloth Mader adopted a like plan; almost anything did for the outside. After a time came some innorators, who trecht that improving the outsides night help to sell the books; and the pencil of Mr. Leighton was called in. Now every book
its own special design, and there can be no doubt that the beauty of its outside has an two influence on the sale of the work. In got of Mr. Leighton's designs there is a classic nty of taste, at times verging upon the severe, in other instances exhibiting a flexibility il fertility of the most pleasing character. Why is it, we may ask, that shelves of English
d-class binding look much handsomer than ar work done in France? The answer will bably be that English workmen put on more
are more careful in the selection and paring their lettering-pieces, in contrasting colours, and applying siitable tools, than the French. Perhaps the real answer is, that hile there is a very large number of buyers of end books in England, there are comparawylew who are really good judges of binding;
there, that much is left to the taste the bookseller, who generally turns out his in a creditable manner. English secondwork, both in the finishing and the forwardas a whole, superior to similar work in ce, Germany, or elsewhere. In the better ing we find just the reverse effect. If we abook-case filled with first-class French we are at once struck with the contrast present to the English. Generally speaking, very little gold employed; and what there It is lad on in an artistic manner. Even tering is different to, and better than, our the letters and other tools made use of newer, and sharper, and better cut than :the lettering and ornamentation are laid re evenly and better mitred; and the it of the gold seems to be done in a cleaner er than with us. Greater care is taken the rounding of the backs, the working up
of the bands, and the general finish of the heads and tails. When we take these well-bound French books into our hands, we are struck with the neatness of their workmanship: the leather is pared down to the thinness of paper before it is turned in; the corners are joined in an almost invisible manner; and even the boards are, to all appearance, harder and more sharply cut than is common in England. There is also a commendable firmness in the books themselves; the edges have a brilliancy of gilding that we are only now beginning to imitate; or, when the edges are marbled, the marbler is careful to get his pattern exactly square with the book. Great care is also taken with the joints and the linings. The single or double fillets or rolls have finer lines than ours, and are laid on with marvellous precision: The one great fault of French books is that they do not open well-as though the very best work were intended for show rather than for We know not whether French binders are generally their own designers, or whether they employ artists to design for them. Occasionally we find such an amount of excellence in the patterns, that we think the best French binders, like our own cloth-binders, must employ professional artists. Certainly the prices charged for firstclass work would generally suffice to cover an artist's fee.
In our next we shall go through the numerous foreign courts, and wind-up with a notice of French booksellers and bookbinders.
PARIS GUIDES.-Everybody goes to Paris this season. Our own Princes led the van; the King of the Belgians followed; the Czar is there now; and our loving brother and cousin of Prussia is to follow immediately. The Sultan, escorted by the English and French fleets, will shortly be there; and even the Emperor of China, it is said, has politely accepted an invitation. Guide-books are therefore greatly in demand. It is beyond our knowledge whether Paris Guides are to be found in Chinese, Japanese, or Turkish; but if they exist in those and kindred tongues to the same extent as in English, the Bibliothèque Imperial must devote considerable space to the reception of these tributes to the metropolis of the universe. To all intents and purposes, Paris is a showplace. Kings, queens, cardinals, royal mistresses, stern republicans, questionable regencies, and paternal emperors have laid themselves out for the purpose of ornamenting and improving the city. The present Emperor is ably seconded by Baron Haussmann, in his endeavours to beautify and extend; but in so doing, they have removed many an old landmark, and destroyed much of that Paris that was rich in historical recollections. But what care most sight-seers for this? La Cité est mort! Vive le Paris! Lutetia is no more, but Paris flourishes! What the Paris of the Restoration may have been we know not, but it must have differed widely from the Paris of to-day. Those who first knew it ten years ago would not recognise many portions of it now; even in so short a time as that, the whole district so well described in Eugène Sue's "Mysteries" was in existence; the " Lapin Blanc," in the Rue aux Fèves, and numbers of similar dens, existed in the Cité. They were inhabited by the lowest of the low, and were occasionally visited by the amateur, in the same manner as our Seven Dials were visited by the Prince Regent and his friends in the early part of this century. The narrow, ill-paved streets, reeking with filth and fever, have gone, and in