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with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer c.

Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer confift?

Ă. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion. Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?

Ă. The preface of the Lord's prayer (contained in these words, Our Father which art in heaven d) teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest therein e; with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions f, heavenly affections

8

and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension h: as allo, to pray with and for others i.

not ;

unto your

Q. 190. What 187. c Matth. vi. 9. Compared Doubtless thou art our father, with Luke xi. 2. (See above in let- though Abraham be ignorant of us, ter b.)

and Israel acknowledge us 189. d Matth. vi. 9.

thou, O Lord, art our Father, our e Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being Redeemer, thy name is from everevil, know how to give good gifts lasting. Neh. i. 4. And it came to

children : how much pass when I heard these words, more shall your heavenly Father that I sat down and wept, and give the holy Spirit to them that mourned certain days, and fasted, ask him? Rom. viii. 15. For ye and prayed before the God of heahave not received the spirit of bon- ven. v. 5. And said, I beseech thee, dage again to fear; but

ye

have re- O Lord God of heaven, the great ceived the Spirit of adoption, where and terrible God, that keepeth coby we cry, Abba, Father.

venant and mercy for them that love f If. Ixiv. 9. Be not wroth very him and observe his commandments : fore, O Lord, neither remember v. 6. Let thine ear now be attentive, iniquity for ever: behold, see, we and thine eyes open, that thou beseech thee, we are all thy people. mayest hear the prayer of thy ser8

Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift vant, which I pray before thee now, I up mine eyes, O thou that dwell- day and night, for the children of est in the heavens. Lam. iii. 41. Israel thy servants, and confess the Let us lift up our heart with our fins of the children of Israel, which hands unto God in the heavens. we have finned against thee: both

h If, lxiii. 15. Look down from I, and my father's house have finheaven, and behold from the habi- ned. tation of thy holiness and of thy i Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was glory: where is thy zeal and thy kept in prison; but prayer was trength, the founding of thy bow made without ceasing of the church els, and of thy mercies 'towards unto God for him. me? are they restrained ? v. 16.

Matth:

Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition ?

À. In the first petition, (which is, Hallowed be thy name k), acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is in ourselves and all men to honour God aright l, we pray, that God would by his grace enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and highly to esteem him m, his titles n, attributes o, ordinances, word p, works, and whatsoever he is pleased to make himself known by q; and to glorify him in thought, word r, and deeds:

that 190. k Matth. vi. 9.

He hath not dealt so with any na. 12 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are tion : and as for his judgments, they sufficient of ourselves to think any have not known them. Praise ye thing as of ourfelves : but our suffi- the Lord. Psal. cxxxviii. 1. I will ciency is of God. Pfal. li. 15. O praise thee with my whole heart, Lord, open thou my lips, and my before the gods will í fing praise unmouth shall shew forth thy praise. to thee. v. 2. I will worship towards

m Pfal. Ixvii. 2. That thy way thy holy temple, and praise thy may be known upon earth, thy fa- name, for thy loving kindness, and ving health among all pations. v. 3. for thy truth: for thou hast mag. Let the people praise thee, O God; nified thy word above all thy name. let all the people praise thee. V. 3. In the day when I cried, thou

n Pfal. lxxxiii. 18. That men answeredst me: and strengthnedst may know, that thou whose name me with strength in my soul. 2. Cor. alone is JEHOVAH, art the Most ii. 14. Now thanks be unto God, High over all the earth.

which always causeth us to triumph e Pfal. lxxxvi. 10. For thou art in Christ, and maketh manifest the great and dort, wondrous things : favour of his knowledge by us in ethou art God alone. v. 11. Teach very place. V. 15. For we are unto me thy way, O Lord, I will walk God a sweet favour of Christ, in in thy truth : unite my

heart to

them that are saved, and in them fear thy name. V. 12. I will praise that perish. thee, O Lord my God, with all my 9 Pfal. cxlv. throughout, I will heart : and I will glorify thy name extol thee, my God, o King, &c. for evermore.

V. 13. For great is Psal. viii. throughout. O Lord our thy mercy toward me: and thou Lord, how excellent is thy name in hast delivered my soul from the all the earth ? &c. lowest hell. v. 15. But thou, O , Pfal. ciïi. 1. Bless the Lord, O Lord, art a God full of compassion, my soul : and all that is within me, and gracious : long suffering, and bless his holy name. Psal. xix. 14: plenteous in mercy and truth. Let the words of

my P 2 Theff. iii. 1. Finally, bre. the meditation of my heart be acthren, pray for us, that the word ceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my of the Lord may have free course, strength and

my

redeemer. and be glorified even as it is with Phil. i. 9. And this I pray, that you. Flal. cxlvii. 19. He sheweth your love may abound yet more his word unto Jacob, his statutes and more in knowledge, and in all and his judgments unto Israel. v. 20. judgment; v, 11. Being filled with

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that he would prevent and remove Atheism t, ignorance y, idolatry w, profaneness x, and whatsoever is dishonourable to him y; and, by his over-ruling provi. dence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory z.

Q.191.

the fruits of righteousness, which dwellest between the cherubims, are by Jesus Christ unto the glory thou art the God, even thou alone, and praise of God.

of all the kingdonis of the earth, + Pfal. Ixvii. 1. God be merciful thou hast made heaven and earth. unto us, and bless us : and cause V. 16. Lord, bow down thine ear, his face to shine upon us.

Selah. and hear : open, Lord, thine eyes, V. 2. That thy way may be known and see : and hear the words of upon earth, thy saving health a Sennacherib, which hath sent him mong all nations,

v. 3. Let the to reproach the living God. people praise thee, O God; let all z2 Chron. xx. 6. And (Jehothe people praise thee. v. 4. O let shaphat) said, O Lord God of our the nations be glad and sing for joy: fathers, art not thou God in heafor thou shalt judge the people ven? and rulest not thou over all righteously, and govern the nations the kingdoms of the heathen ? and upon earth. Selah.

in thine hand is there not power v Eph. i. 17. That the God of and might, so that none is able to our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father withstand thee? v. 10. And now of glory, may give unto you the behold, the children of Ammon, Spirit of wisdom and revelation in and Moab, and mount Seir, whom the knowledge of him : v. 18. The hou wouldst not let Israel invade, eyes of your understanding being when they came out of the land of enlightened ; that ye may know Egypt, but they turned from them, what is the hope of his calling, and and destroyed them not : V. II. what the riches of the glory of his Behold, I say, how they reward inheritance in the saints.

us, to come to cast us out of thy w Pfal. xcvii

. 7. Confounded be possession, which thou halt given us all they that serve graven images, to inherit. v. 12. O our God, wilt that boast themselves of idols : thou not judge them? for we have worship him, all ye gods.

no might against this great company x Pfal. lxxiv. 18. Remember that cometh against us : neither this, that the enemy hath reproach- know we what to do, but our eyes ed, O Lord, and that the foolish

Pfal. Ixxxiii. people have blasphemed thy name. throughout. Keep not thou silence, v. 22. Arise, o God, plead thine () God : hold not thy peace, 6c. own cause : remember how the Psal. cxl. 4. Keep me, O Lord, foolish man reproacheth thee daily. from the hands of the wicked, preV. 23. Forget not the voice of thine serve me from the violent man, enemies : the tumult of those that who hath purposed to overthrow rise up against thee, increaseth con

my goings.

v. 8. Grant not, O tinually.

Lord, the desires of the wicked, . 2 Kings xix. 15. And Heze. further not his wicked devices, left kiah prayed before the Lord, and they exalt themselves. Selah. said, O Lord God of Ifrael, which

191. a Matth.

are

upon thee,

Q 191. What do we pray for in the second petition ?

A. In the second petition, (which is, Thy kingdom come a,) acknowledging ourselves and all mankind to be by nature under the dominion of sin and Satan b, we pray, that the kingdom of sin and Satan may be destroyed c, the gospel propagated throughout the world d, the Jews called

en

the fulness of the Gentiles brought in f; the church furnished with all gospel-officers and ordinances 8 purged from corruption b, countenanced and maintained

by

191. a Matth. vi. 10.

e Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's b Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time desire and prayer to God for Israel past ye walked according to the is, that they might be saved course of this world, according to John xvii. 9. I pray for them: the prince of the power of the air, I pray not for the world, but for the spirit that now worketh in the them which thou hast given me, for children of disobedience. V. 3. A. they are thine.

v. 20. Neither pray mong whom also we all had our I for these alone, but for them allo conversation in times past, in the which shall believe on me through lufts of our flesh, fulfilling the de.' their word. Rom. xi. 25. For I fires of the flesh, and of the mind; would not, brethren, that ye should and were by nature the children of be ignorant of this mystery, (lest wrath, even as others.

ye

should be wise in your own conc Pfal. Ixviii. 1. Let God arise, ceits) that blindness in part is hap, let his enemies be scattered : let pened to Israel, until the fulness them also that hate him, flee before of the Gentiles be come in.

v. 26. him. v. 18. Thou hast ascended And so all Ifrael shall be saved : as on high, thou hast led captivity it is written, There shall come out captive: thou haft received gifts of Sion the deliverer, and shall turn for men : yea, for the rebellious away ungodliness from Jacob. Pfal. also, that the Lord God might lxvii. throughout. God be merciful dwell among them. Rev. xii. 10. unto us, and bless us: and cause And I heard a loud voice saying in his face to shine upon us, doc. heaven, Now is come salvation g Matth. ix. 38. Pray ye

there. and Itrength, and the kingdom of fore the Lord of the harvest, that our God, and the power of his he will send forth labourers into his Christ : for the accuser of our bre- harvest. 2. Theff. iii. 1. Finally, thren is cast down, which accused brethren, pray for us, that the word them before our God day and night. of the Lord may have free course, v. 11. And they overcame him by and be glorified even as it is with the blood of the Lamb, and by the you. word of their testimony; and they h Mal. i. 11. For from the rising loved not their lives unto the death. of the fun even unto the going down

d 2 Theff. iii. 1. Finally, bre- of the same, my name shall be great thren, pray for us, that the word among the Gentiles, and in every of the Lord may have free course, place incense shall be offered unto and be glorified even as it is with my name and a pure offering: for you.

my

1

by the civil magistrate i : that the ordinances of Christ may be purely dispensed, and made effectual to the converting of those that are yet in their fins, and the confirming, comforting, and building up of those that are already converted k: that Christ would rule in our hearts here l, and hasten the time of his second coming, and

our

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my name shall be great among the together with me in your prayers heathen, faith the Lord of hosts. to God for me : v. 32. That I may Zeph. iii. 9. For then will I turn come unto you with joy by the will to the people a pure language, that of God, and may with you be rethey may all call upon the name of freshed. 2 Thess. i. 11. Wherefore the Lord, to serve him with one also we pray always for you,

that consent.

our God would count you worthy i i Tim. ii. 1. I exhort there- of this calling, and fulfil all the fore, that first of all, supplications, good pleasure of his goodness, and prayers, intercessions, and giving of the work of faith with power. thanks be made for all men : y. 2. 2 Thess. ii. 16. Now our Lord JeFor kings, and for all that are in sus Christ himself, and God even authority; that we may lead a our Father, which hath loved us, quiet and peaceable life in all god- and hath given us everlasting conliness and honesty.

solation, and good hope through k Acts iv. now, Lord, grace, v.17

Comfort

your hearts, behold their threatnings : and grant and stablish you in every good word unto thy servants, that with all and work. boldeels they may speak thy word, 1 Eph. iii. 14. For this cause I V. 30. By stretching forth thine bow my knees unto the Father of hand to heal: and that signs and our Lord Jesus Christ. v. 15. Of wonders may be done by the name whom the whole family in heaven of thy holy child Jesus. Eph. vi. and earth is named, v. 16. That 18. Praying always with all prayer he would grant you, according to the and supplication in the Spirit, and riches of his glory, to be strengthened Watching thereunto with all perfe- with might by his Spirit in the inner Terance, and supplication for all man: v. 17. That Christ may dwell saints ; v. 19. And for me, that ut- in

your hearts by faith; that ye

be terance may be given unto me, that ing rooted and grounded in love, I may open my mouth boldly, to v. 18. May be able to comprehend make known the mystery of the go with all saints, what is the breadth, spel : v. 20. For which I am an and length, and depth, and height; ambassador in bonds : that therein v. 19. And to know the love of I may speak boldly, as I ought to Christ, which paffeth knowledge, speak. Rom. xv. 29. And I am sure that ye might be filled with all the that when I come unto you, I shall fuiness of God. v. 20. Now unto come in the fulness of the blessing him that is able to do exceeding aof the gospel of Christ. v. 30. Now bundantly above all that we ask or I beseech you, brethren, for the think, according to the power that Lord Jesus Christ's fake, and for worketh in us. she love of the Spirit, that ye strive

Rev.

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