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fya so the roots of plants to spread; nùn-sáñ kă-yát 8, a spec. of small red ant. săn see són.
-san (in Mscpts-són) postp. affixed forms plurals of human beings in opp. to -păn q. v. M. Gr. 27 f. e. c. má-ró-săù men; răm-sùi the devas P., a-ve-sun these; used also in s. of companions, as să-konsan Sakon and his companions, pun-di kup-sảй the king's daughter and her maiden T. tha-lčam dań ryog-mo gnyis P. pa-no-san the king and his ministers (T. 'kor beas Skt. saparicára) P.; used also in s. of pluralis majestaticus e. c. pă-nosan-re the king P.; also for go-run q. v. (see under -păñ) să-róù săn luk-kál sảù nóñ-šo (1) will go either to-day or to-morrow. - san-te up to, thus far, yet, directly, straightly, direct the whole way, san-te fyo vb. to hear directly, go-nun san-te di I came direct, hu săn-te mă-fine he has not arrived yet or thus far. *săñ T. tan(-ba) the whole, entire, *san-kỏ T. tian skor e. c. *mi-să săn-kó T. mi-ser tśań skor all the surrounding subjects.
*săn T. gsui(-ba) *sui-cút T. gsanspao: *sui-cut li s. a privy.
sám 1., a-sám different, other lyan asám a different country.
pir-sum an egg laid by a hen without connection of a cock, hik ti pur-sám.
sám 2. 8. name of the 7th month, lăvo sảm, sám nyom.
*sám 3. T. sems s. the mind, thought, sám ti magnanimous, ambitious; sam adum i. q. a-ryum a good reflection or thought, happiness; sám a-nók i. q. a-jän a bad r.; evil disposition; sám nañ-bo an upright person; sám met inanimate; sám két vb. to be satisfied; sám kyu bam T. sems kyugs-pa) to be troubled in mind; sám gó vb. to be happy, s. pleasure, joy; sám tsum vb. to restrain the thoughts, to be dry; sám rón vb. to be in doubt, 8. a doubtful hesitating, sám zăù nun vb. to be filled with fear; sám ót vb. to relieve the mind; sảm kyet 8. peace of mind, tranquility, serenity; *sám-cũ i. q. sam-ćun; *sám-čun T. sems-čun s. adj. pusillanimity, weakminded, sám-čun mat vb. to be pusillanimous; sám dūk s. distress of mind, anxiety; sám net a distracted mind; sám sok distraction of mind i. q. net.
săm: sắm-mă săm-mă see a-mlem dis-...
*săn-gye see "sin-gyó, "san-gye T. sans pleased countenance. rgyas Buddha.
*săn-dù T. toi-dus a. a bazar, a market. săn năm kuh s. the rose-apple tree M. Eugenia Kurzii Wtt. E. 442.
săn-móm adj. superficial, rough as work, san-mom-là zuk vb. to work so.
săn-šin i. q. tŭk-nyel M.
săm num. three, sum-bo-re the third, sim-yin thrice. See sam.
săm-blyu seo sm-bly.
sár 1. s. a hole small at entrance but large within as bee's-nest? M.
sár 2., săr and ser vb. n. to be rotten, putrid, see mă-mür (mŭr); rin săr vb. to
*sát vl. *io sát 'T. nes gsod see under abuse, to give vile (rotten) language; hi
sắt and sát sưu set. sút, a-sát see sứ 1. *sán for tan s. colour, paint, dying, material; see hỏm sản.
sáp vb. 1. to be shallow, 2. to be near the surface (as hole), superficial;-a-súp a-sp 8. the inner skin, the cutis, the hole immediately below the surface of any thing, the surface, t-lyai súp, fút súp; ti-lyui súp-ka lam nón in s. of 'T, mla'gro-ma Skt. dakinî P.
to vessel after boiling (made from head of rå-kón).
sár 5. see nók sár a hobgoblin.
săl 1. vb. t. to insert into, to stick into, to push into, to put into, cap-ka sål vb. to stick into roof, ban hyam-ka sắt vb. to put ban into sheath, a-nyor-ka nyo-gu sul vb. to stick pen behind ear.
săl 2. vb. t. to send as letter, to insinuate the thought, yuk sål vb. to send letter. See sel.
sa 1. vb. n. to fly in trail, as hen, to go in regular paths, as tiger; to follow in path; fo sa s. a bird's path, flight of birds. a-sa s. a hole (of rat etc.), the path of small animals, the roots of bamboo. sa 2. vb. to offer offerings to favour the consummation of hyit: hyit-sa; present to relations of deceased, seo se. sa 3. T. gsal(-ba) vb. to be clear as sky; sa-lă clearly, distinctly, su-lu ši, sa-la tyo vb. to see, to hear clearly; vb. t. to clear out T. sel(-ba), čít-lún sa i. q. gli-là sa vb. to spit completely; mik sa vb. to make operation on eye. See se. sa 4. vb. to split, bók sa to crush bamboo for bók.
sa 5. s. a tree acc. M. Cedrus deodarus, acc. Wtt. L. 82 Hooker 2,44 Larix Griffithii. T. "sa don” id. Graham Sandberg, Handbook of colloquial Tibetan, 164. *sa 6. T. sa 8. earth, ground, soil, *sa-čen T. sa-čen the whole earth, the globe, *sa-hró T. să-kru s. a map.
sa-koń s. an earring worn by men; sakon ti or bй vb. to wear earring, sa-kon vyan 8. the ring of e.; sa-kon hró s. the drop of e.
*sa-krók for ta-rak T. ta-rag quickly, sa-krók mat vb. to be quick, to make haste; sa-krók-să ȧyok an urgent business. sa-gan s. the relationship introduced between husbands thro' marriage of sisters, brother and sisters in law.
sa-nya s. a sentinel, sa-nya din vb. to stand sentry; sa-nya tsók vb. to stand sentinel, as over roads, to stop people; sa-nya tsók-bo s. a guard over roads.
sa-tsŭ 8. a post, mail, sa-tsŭ-nùn klón vb. to send by post; să-tsu kú vb. to forward post; sa-tsŭ šel vb. to carry mail or post; sa-tsu to šel-bo s. a carrier of post, a courier.
sa-16 s. a mortar, pavement or flooring; a stucco M.
sa-hu (Goorkha w.) s. borrowed money and a loan, sa-hu dot to obtain borrowed money; sa-hu hik vb. to repay ditto.
sa-wó or sur-wó folding hands in prayer, paying reverence, sa-wó tóp vb. to pray, to pay reverence LGS; in P.i.q. 'jyagʼtṣal.
*sak 1. T. zag 8. calamity, misfortune, mu-tun sak vb. to have the m., to become liable to pay mũ-tui; sak-là nói về. to become distracted, senseless as from grief, fear etc. - suk-ki gal-là becoming disgusted with anything, to become tired of anything, to lose all patience with anything. — sak-ků gyȧl-lä feeling annoyance, disgust, sak-ka gyal-li li vb. to feel disgust.
sak-čin p. sak-čin, T. snyam-pa, gzigspa etc. vb. to think, to consider, to reflect, to cogitate, to fancy, to desire, to wish, (kã-sů)yú-ka sak-čin čiù to desire her for a (my) wife; rùm-ka sak-čin to reflect on God; sak-čin 8. mind, thought, consideration; sak-čin kā-ta čiù to meditate, to give one's whole thoughts to; sak-čin tal-lă tal čin vb. to be aspiring; sak-čín-ka lat 1. to come to mind; 2. to be pleased; sak-čin klo-là čiù vb. to be decided, to be obstinate; sak-čín kyól vb. to mistake; sak-čin nyắt čin vb. to have second thoughts; sak-čin nyắt čiñ-lun on second thoughts; sak-cin tat ka vb. to place confidence in; sak-čin tuk vb. to be stupid; sak-čín tyak så vb. to be minded towards; sak-cin dam vb. to be stupid; sak-čín dúk vb. to be harrassed or distressed in mind; sak-čin dok vb.
to be of one mind, unanimous; sakčin nak vb. to rectify one's thought; sak-čin-nun kor vb. to revolve in mind; sak-čin-nŭn mă-tak-ne to be inconceivable; xul-cin nón or wah-cin nón lat to come to mind; sak-čin po-lun čin to change one's thoughts; sak-cin mat vb, to do one's own pleasure; sak-čín muù nón to have mind overclouded; sak-čin tsam-yámbo s. one who can govern himself; sakcin ya nón to have no longer mind to a thing; sak-cin you to have happy (good); ideas; suk-čin rat nón vb. to be bewildered, to lose presence of mind; sak-čin rón vb. to be doubtful; sak-čin ryak vb. to pursue an idea; sak-čin ryum-bo adj. s. good, happy, a good person; sak-čin lót vb. to change one's mind, also to come to one's self (as from anger); sak-čin lyak vb. to change one's mind; sak-čin Tyak-bo fickle-minded; sak-ċin a-dum a good thought; suk-čin u-jăn 8. an evil thought, a bad thought; sak-ċin a-nań an upright mind; sak-cin a-hryăn-bo 8. በ dilatory thinker, a procrastinator; sak-cin ót i. q. súm ót vb. to relieve the mind from anxiety, to give or tell one what he longs for. sak čó vb. to be vigorous; sak jem vb. to be relieved in mind or satisfied, man gryán-ba mán fop-půň-sȧ sak jem-li nói when one has a longing to eat meat, on obtaining it, the mind is relieved; sak jóm vb. to be weary of anything, to become sick of a thing; sak nyin adjly, distressed lamenting as when something is lost, mourning for; -sak-nyen-bo meek, gentle; sak tú lola 1. suddenly, 2. by chance, fo sak tu li-li làm nón the bird flew away before I was aware; sak tā lo-lå mat vb. to be absent in mind; sak tóp 8. encouragement, support to the mind, refreshment; či sak tóp gùm beer is chearing to the spirits, sak tóp-ka li vb. to speak words of encouragement, sak tóp rin encouraging language; — sak fák vb. to have a longingdesire, sak ma-fák-ne to have no desire; - sak fak vb. to be satisfied, contented;
sak fik vb. to sot one's affections on, also to know; -sak duk vb. to be sorry, to be grieved, to be vexed;
sak di vb. to be pleased, to be disposed, to desire, to approve of, go tyo-win-su sak di mă I am happy to hear it M. a-yu la po nón sak di-wun-ù will ye also go away J.; to-năn hũ tu sum mat sak di gắn if any man will do his will J. a-yu bo-så dyet-păn zuk sak di bam the lusts of your father ye will do J.; sak-di-lā well, heartily, sak a-dim 8. a willing mind, heart's content, sak a-dim mat vb. to do anything to one's own or to the satisfaction of another, sak a-dim 20 vb. to eat to one's heart-content; sak må-dine to be indisposed, to be unhappy.
sak nón vb. to remember, to come to one's mind, c. c. object. e. c. răm-nùn r.-mŭm sak nón-lùù God remembered R., sak má-rón-ne to be insensible to have forgotten; sak par vb. to be pleased, to gratify; sak put-čň s. trouble, annoyance, vexation; —-sak pŭr-¿óks. teasing, troubling, annoyance, vexation, sak purdók mat vb. to tease, to trouble, to annoy, sak pur-éók-lŭ livb to be teased, to be annoyed, sak pùr-ji pùr-cók nervousness unable to bear noise, worry, annoyance sak pŭr-ji pŭr-čók-là li vb. to be nervous, to be unable to bear noise, to be in trouble; sak pok nón to be disturbed in mind; sak prok loud laughter or to laugh loudly, sak prok bam or sak prok-lün fyan to burst out into horse-laughter, sak prok mu-wйñ-să mă-zù 8. an amusing person, one who occasions much laughter; -sak bo vb. to give pleasure, to pleasure, sak bo-la or sak bol-la good, well, thoroughly, heartily, sak bo-lă zuk vb. to perform heartily, sak-bo-lä-wùn(-să) adjly. charming, magnificent, splendid, lyan sak-bo-lā-wũn-så a-čûk-ka li-re sak-bo-lāwùn kā-ků nyi-yam-o in the midst of a charming place are eight splendid houses P.; sak-bo-lù-wùn kun i. q. T. dpag bsam in a tree, that grants every thing acc. Jäschke i. q. txan-dan sḥrul-gyi snyin-po P.
sak bo-wйn-să with heartiness; sak-byd-lå i. q. sak-tsu; — sak ma vb. to be silent, also to be startled; sak ză vb. to be stunned, as it were with loud noise, to have one's ears ring with noise, to be distracted with noise; sak zat vb. to fix in mind; sak zun vb. to become disheartened for one's heart, to fail within them; sak zár-là cheerful, happy; sak zo vb. to think, to consider, sak 20 fo vb. to remind; sak-zót cheerful; -sak-tsu ("ebullition of mind") vb. to be joyful, to be hearty, sak-tsu-lā zuk vb. to work heartily, sak ma-tsn-ne to be lustless, to have no energy or life; saktsum s. joy, heartiness, animation, avidity, sak-tsum sak-par-să bam vb. to be joyful; sak yul vb. to feel inclined to vomit;
sak yon vb. to be depressed in spirit; sak yók vb. to be convulsive, to gasp for breath. sak ryu vb. to be of good temperament of mind, to be happy; sak ryut (or ryot) to be merry, to be happy; 8. joy, o-re-nùn mat-lün kādo-sù sak-ryuto-re tak-nón-ne this my joy therefore is fulfilled J.; sak-ryut-nun tyuk vb. to jump thro' joy; sak mŭ-ryune to be indisposed in mind, to be sorrowful, sak má-ryu-núñ lyan nón-ne 1. gone to the land of sorrow i. e. to be very sorrowful; 2. to be dead Tbr.sak lyak 1. vb. to be angry, tán mă-nyin-ne sak lyak to be angry without a cause; sak Iyak dyan vb. to put away anger; saklyak hlyuk vb. to burst out into a., sak lyak ya vb. anger to pass away; 2. s. i. q. tik-gyun Tbr.; sak lyak yám-bo s. a passionate p.; sak lyum unsatiated, insufficient to satisfy appetite or desire; sak lyum tyat ma-top-ne have 'nt get half sufficient; sak hát vb. to be passionate; sak ho vb. to be melancholy; sak vyik vb. to have nausea as from indigestion; sak ryót vb. to be sak ryót vb. to be joyful; sak så-gram s. sorrow, grief sak så-gram ya vb. to know sorrow, to be sorrowful (obsolete); sak så-gli-lå clear memory or mind, sak så-gli-là li
vb. to have mind refreshed, to return to consciousness; sak să-så i. q. sak-sigli-lŭ; sak så-så-lå li i. q. sak nớn hrón; sak så-šar s. sorrow, grief (not much in uso), sak să-šar yả vb. to be sorrowful; sak sok 1. vb. to be distracted in mind; 2. retaliation?; sak sol-lú i. q. sak-šol-lă; sak-šůň s. a sigh; sak-šun taut vb. to sigh; vyet-tsu-nün mat-lün sak šān txat-lun hryóp lik (they) sighed by the reason of the bondage, and they cried Ex. sak ši vb. to know, to become attached to; sak šir vb. to loathe, to be disgusted with; sak it vb. to be quiet; sak šol-lā refreshing, sak šol-lu li vb. to be refreshed, not-nun nót-nùn lót fi-ban mo bo ši-wũñ-sā sak-sol-lå li on returning from a journey, when you see your parents, the spirits are refreshed; a-hrum nyi gắn lyan a-hyún li-wùñ-så sak sol-la li if when hot you arrive at a cool place, it is refreshing; sak ú vb. to be at ease, to be tranquil, to be glad, go o-ba ma-bam-nå ren sak å bam I am glad that I was not there J. xak á-lá securely, with pleasure; sak á-la zo vb. to eat at case; sak ám adj. secure, calm, peaceable, sak ám ma-nyin-ne it is not secure, safe, as country, sak ám riù calm, peaceable language; sak an vb to be suspicious.
sak 3. vb. to set a snare, dyók sak vb. to set bird-lime; lik ryan sak vb. to set running-noose; ma-ló sak vb. to set horsehair-noose; sun-hi sak vb. to set sun-ki
sak-kǎ ma vb. to be quiet, i. q. myakkā; sak-kā ma riú s. a secret. sak či s. the ranunculus M.
*san 1. T. sron(-ba) vb. to make straight, tük-po san lengthen out the string, make it straight, lóm san vb. to make a straight road; sañ-nā sañ-ñù adv. lengthened out (as string), long and straight.
san 2. vb. to send to and fro, yuk san to send letter to and fro; mů-rẻ sun to send man to and fro.
'san-gye T. sans-rgyas Buddha, see sin-gye, són-gyó.
sap 1. vb. n. to be thin, as cloth, to be shallow as water; to be stingy, to be
*san-Čot or si-čt s. T. gear and apyod: miserly; sap-ld stingily; wap-là bụi vh.
san-čot li or lyan s. a privy.
san-mins. a reddish colour. M.
sat i. q. set vb. to efface, mik grun sat vb. to wipe away tears, m. hữ fon hu do txóm-nun sat-bo re gum M. whiped his feet with her hair J. sat-nón Tbr. i. q. lum, kin-zán, pur-dů sit-bo.
san 1. s. the whiskers san gyan. (san 2;) pun-san 8. accoutrements, ornaments on person pŭn-san pun-dan or pùn-san rũñ-dan id. p.-s. p.-d.-fik-bo a lady's maid; pun-san bũn-yám-bo rel-lá rel-lă mat mă-nyin-ne every one does not know, how to put on ornaments well.
*san 3. T. sran(-pa) vb. to be patient, to submit to, to be resigned to, to restrain one's self, dûk-ba san to be patient under pain; Ka-jok-ka san vb. to be patient under abuse, hryóp-šān san vb. to restrain one's tears; sak-lyak san vb. to restrain one's passions; fyan san vb. to restrain laughter; seems to mean to do anything against one's own pleasure, to conquer one's self, as sun-lün zo to eat against will, to force one's self to eat, as when sick or when food is bad, san-nún mok non to have one's patience exhausted.
xan-lát s. patience.
san-tan (Yaktʻumba-w.) 8. cenotaph, monument, raised up for the memory of any person or occurence.
*san-tó T. sa-rtags s. a sign or mark or any thing, placed up as an aid for memory, as when anything hidden in the ground to make a mark over it, to remember the spot, san-tó mat or kyóp vb. to make such a mark.
*san-tśóm T. sa-mtšams s. the boundary of land or country, the confines, k.-så sun-lam-ha mu-ti-ni tet until they came unto the borders of K. Ex.; mi-zār-să san-tsớm găn-nă să-gón-ka in all the coasts of Egypt Ex.
san-re mun s. the destroyer of life, the demon of death M.
to give stingily; sap-bo s. a miser; a-sap adj. thin (as cloth, thatch etc); thin (as face); shallow (as water; mind) adv. miserly, niggardly.
sap 2. (i. q. 1?) vb. n. to be blind, mik sap; nák‐šáň-sů a-mik ná go-ka mányin-ne (T. mig ni na-la med) sap-nónne-yam-o I am deprived of sight, I am blind P. a-mik nyat-là sap-non-ne-yam-o T. spyan gnyis loi blind of both eyes P. mik-sap-bo adj. blind J. Ex.
sap 3. vb. to stroke, to rub lightly with hand M.
(sap 4.,) tük-sap 8. impalpable dust, dor-bi tük-sap the dust of fungi, also the puffball-mushroom vulg. devil's snuff-box, tük-sap dor; tŭk-sap kun 8. a treo Xanthochymus pictorius; tűk-sap nyók X. ovalifolius.
sap 5., a-sap s. a plant of corn M.
sap 6. T. tabs s. fear, danger; *sapčen T. tabs-čan adj. dangerous, difficult; s.-č. dák a dangerous disease; s.-c. ayok difficult work; the L.'s use it incorrect for "much, many, great”.
*sap-dók T. su-bdag [Skt. kšitipati, bhumipati] 8. lord of the earth 8.-d.- nun nat Lu the demon-lord, [Nâgaraja].
sam 1. vb. n. to be sullen, to sulk, to turn away face and remain silent, sam non vb. to become so.
sam 2. num. T. gsum three M. 115. sam-gón 8. a district of Ilam, sam-gónmo a tribe of Lepchas from thence.
"sam-ten or sam-tyăn 'T'. sems-rten 8. a present made by lovers, sam-tyẩn mat vb. to make ditto.
"sam-dó T. leags-mda' s. an iron arrow. sam-nat or sam-net vb. to be polite or modest in manner (as not to like to ask for a thing), to be retiring in manner, to be diffident, sam-net-sa rin modest language; sam-net si vb. to feel embarrassed or bashful.