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cular flesh, the greatest portion of the small portions, or ground into coarse body; but the recollection of the oc- powder. He refers to some expericurrence in the cemetery of the Holy ments that have been lately made in Innocents at Paris, where many thou- this country, establishing the supesand dead bodies were converted into riority of such ossific manure from spermaceti by being exposed to sub- the bones of other animals. He then terraneous springs of running water, breaks forth into the following ener, places this subject in a clear light, getic apostrophe: “Gracious heaven! which will burn still clearer if sper. what a sacrifice has hitherto been maceti be substituted for tallow in all made of the material of fertility! Hear decent families. What a consolation this, ye clay-cold soils, ye blasted for stupid people, to learn that when heaths, and barren mountains!!! How they are dead they will be enabled to has the industrious husbandman toiled throw light upon any subject, how- in vain, in turning up a refractory and ever abstruse ! A brawny methodist stubborn soil ! labouring until he bepreacher would be delighted with the came exhausted, his body emaciated information, that bis ultimate corpo- by the flow of perspiration, and his real destiny is to illuminate his own bones marrowless! How often has he meeting-house, and be extinguished cast an anxious look, a jealous glance, by a fair hand at a love-feast. at the church-yard

« Spermaceti, which is now termed Beneath those rugged elms, the yewcetaceum, from the supposition that

tree's shade, it is the exclusive production of the fish called Physeter macrocephalus,

Where heaves the turf in many a moul.

dering heap;' bears a considerable price, being collected with extreme difficulty, danger, where the cypress flourished, and the and expense, in the northern and luxuriant ivy shed its gum! Many a southern oceans. The projected con- time and oft has he compared the version of muscular fesh into this ce- dwarf and watery potatoes, the stinttaceous substance, would permit

those ed celery, and spindle-shanked greengiants of the deep to roll unmolested cole of his own garden, with the rich in their Polar seas; and as the ladies foison that sprouted from the grave are recommended to discontinue the the revelry of vegetation. This apuse of stays, to avoid the baneful ef. plication of the ossific material is the fects of unnatural compression, whale- only

mean of protecting the bones from bone will be a superfluous commodity. insult, and of preventing the obdurate The remaining parts of the animal grave-digger from playing at loggets are of secondary utility. The hair, of with the skull of the poet or the phicourse, where it is coarse hair, will losopherbe employed, after due curling and • Quis desiderio sit pador aut modus baking, to give it additional spring Tam cari capitis ?' and elasticity, for the stuffing of chairs and sofas; the longer tresses will be

“By adopting this manure, we shall worn in imitation of nature by the obtain double crops ; famine will bevotaries of fashion, to supply the de- come an obsolete term, and the land ciduous fell of antiquated maidens, will flow with milk and honey. Inand decorate bald beauties. Neæra's dependently of the blessings that will tangles might be woven into a scratch; accrue to agriculture, there will reperhaps a lawless libertine might fur: main bone sufficient for the manufacnish the full bottom of my Lord Chief, ture of elegant toys and useful impleand all the bed of cauliflowers in a ments. We have the example of a court of justice.”

noble poet for quaffing claret from a “ The wisdom's in the wig."—Old Song. now be literally followed by the bib

silver-mounted cranium, and it may At length come the solid and im- liopolists, who may take their comportant distributions of the osseous potations of wine from the skulls of matter, with which the Essay con- authors who spun their brains for them cludes.

while living. The elbow-joints of a Professor Bumgroschen states him- gambler may be cut into dice and self to be an economical osteologist, card-counters; a gourmand's armand converts the bones of the departed bones may be carved into knife-haninto a material for fertilizing the land, dles; those of an author into paperafter they have been comminuted into cutters; the femoral bones of a tailor may be sawn into button-moulds; and try now deeply groans and loudly the shanks of a dandy converted into murmurs. Having been in soine dem bodkins, apple-scoops, and whistles.” gree medically educated, and familiar

The concluding passage is as fol- with dissection, you will experience, lows:

on adverting to the anatomical pro“ Thus it will be seen that the cesses, no emotion or disgust, nor will post-obituary employment of the hu. the reader permit himself to be conman remains is the elevated (esho- scious of those feelings, which might lume) system of philosophical and po- have been apprehended had this work litical economy, the grand desideratum been inscribed to a less ardent and of national wealth,* the true tontine more compunctious advocate for phifor the benefit of survivorship." losophical save-all-ism.t It is natural

The work is dedicated to Joseph that every successful projector should Hume, Esq. M. P. in an elegant ad- expect the remuneration due to his dress, of which the following is as contrivances; but be assured, sir, that faithful a transcript as the difference my views and feelings are pure and of the two languages will admit: disinterested, and that I am content

to wait for my reward until you are ap“ SIR,

pointed Chancellor of the Exchequer, “Among the long list of illustrious and the national debt is expunged. characters that compose, adorn, and As to the approbation of the world and dignify the English nation, you are the applause of posterity, I feel calmdeservedly pre-eminent; and this in- ly confident, that when your renown formation, being derived from those shall descend the stream of time like valuable sources of information, The a magnificent Indiaman, to future Times, formerly anabaptized by its ages, editor, the leading journal of Europe, and the Morning Chronicle, a print

• Then shall my little bark attendant sail, which, since the accession of Miladi Pursue the triumph and partake the gale. Morgan as editor for foreign affairs, “ In short, Sir, participating the de. is distinguished for its unitorm vera- ferential feelings of the meek and mocity, is a sufficient inducement to de- dest Creevy, whose parliamentary modicate the following pages to your no- tions, worthy of an industrious con, tice. Your penetrating sagacity will tinuator of Hume, have obtained for instantly seize the prominent linea- him the honourable cognomen of ments of this system of political eco- Smollet, I shall (to use an epithet nomy, and your incorrigible arithme- which will shortly become obsolete tic acumen, correctly so denominated, except in a singularly personal sense) as it requires no correction, will calcu- be satisfied with posthumous fame. late the total of the whole that may

I am, Sir, be gathered to alleviate the burthen- With respect and fraternal affection, some taxation under which your coun

&c. &c. &c." Mr North, SIR,– When the learned Professor's sanction was obtained for the publication of this abstract of his erudite and luminous work, he intimated a wish that it should blaze forth in the pages of Maga. Conceiving that, from the nature of its subject, it might be better suited to the solemn and plodding matter of-fact columns of Sir Richard, or worthy John Nichols, we transmitted a representation, through our correspondents at Leipzig, Messrs Kerzengiesser and Trockenbein, adding, that we considered it comparatively a matter of indifference to what journal it was sent, as such sterling stuff must make its own way. By our last advices, we find that the Professor is peremptory. His rescript is very testy and laconic:

Ex quovis ligno non fit Mercurius; which he thus paraphrases :

Every bookseller is not a Blackwood. In conformity to his strict order, therefore, we forward the paper to you, and remain

Your very obedient Servants,

OBSTHANDLER & Co.

Austin Friars.

• Vide Adam Smith, nunquam.

+ Vide Jeremy Bentham, passim.

LETTERS FROM ITALY.

No. III. A walk from Duomo to the beau- lian-the moon, though she was not tiful convent above it, was as Italian as “yellow"-the lake, and eke the chama certain friend of ours could have ber-an immense saloon, superbly wished—the thermometer 93 in the painted and adorned, with a pool of shade-objects around too bright even water in the middle of the tiled floor, for green spectacles, and vines sup- (the effects of the late shower), round ported on small granite pillars, con- which our beds were placed, convenir verting the mountain side into so many ently enough for those inclined to bowers, to our enormous envy as we bathe. We protested, but in vainscorched upon the road. Too languid, ate, slept, and departed. driving south, to look back to the Alps, Being market day, or rather mornof which, by the bye, we had seen ing, we met numbers of peasantry quite enough, just sufficient energy going to Arona, all laden with chick was left us to observe the abundance ens. Save and except one lean cow, and beauty of the cultivation. The we saw no commodity going to marland is separated into narrow, oblong ket, in a road crowded for four or five fields, by fig-trees and rows of vines, miles, but poultry. The Piedmontese not the dwarf and lucrative species of of and adjacent to the mountains, are France, but the more picturesque and a fine race-as fine as they are the conclassic kind, which, 'after Virgil's pre- trary in the lower parts of the councept of " Ulmis adjungere vites," are try. Comical head-dresses the women attached to standard trees. The crops wear: as one of them approaches, you were for the most part millet, and perceive large lumps of metal on each Turkey corn of a stupendous size, with side of the head; these are found to here and there a field of rampant po- be the ornamental ends of a long bar tato stalks. Those who can afford it, or needle, which is thrust through the eat the bread of our common wheat hair behind, and twisted till every lock in summer, and use that of the Tur- becomes tightly screwed to the skull. key corn in winter, it being of a heat. To complete the coiffure, a dozen or ing quality. We were aroused from two smaller auxiliary bright-headed languor at Feriuoli by the breeze and pins are stuck round in a circle, so as prospect of the Lago Maggiore, which to form a star at the back of the head, is not so very beautiful. The Bor- while a knot of ribands from the top romeo Palace on the Isola Bella, is a generally falls over the forehead and barrack unworthy of remark; and the temples. This is universally the headterraced gardens, which enchanted dress of the lower order of females Burnet, and which still call forth the throughout the Milanese; the midadmiration of our travellers, are curi- dling ranks appear generally in a black ous certainly, but nothing more. Nor veil. The hat of the breeched sex is does the view over the Lake towards picturesque, as we know from the cosits sister one of Como, promise any tumi of Pinelli. While on the subof the beauty said to be found there. ject of peasant coiffure, I may as well Como, I am ashamed to say, I did not exhaust my stock of observation. Eastvisit, having arrived at Milan quite ward of Milan, till one draws near to satiated with the picturesque ; nor did Venice, the damsels are to be met in the name of Pliny, nor his intermit- plain round hats, like our own ; and tent fountain, seem sufficient attrac- pretty faces are to be seen under these, tions to counterbalance two days' broile especially at Verona, where the race ing under an August sun. On the of Juliet, if love and beauty be the shore of the lake, near Belgirata, we characteristics, is certainly not yet exwere indulged with a thunder storm, tinct. At Venice are the fazzuoli, that soon dismissed the gay pleasure- which having in general remarked boats home, and set the Alps in ear- filthy, and over the ugliest faces in nest conversation with each other. It Italy, I beg leave to differ from so compassed, however, in a little time; and plete a judge of female beauty as the from the balcony of the inn at Arona, Author of Don Juan. At Ferrara and we enjoyed a most delicious view of Bologna the metal pins are again enthe lake by moonlight. All was Ita- countered ; and at Rome, in fine, are the Spanish nets and square-crowned were they that stood and supported the kerchiefs, both so well known from German interest ?-the Milanese. All pictures.

through the middle ages, the Italians At Sesto Calendæ we crossed the universally preferred to be governed Ticin like other Hannibals, and rout- by a foreign prince, a preference, not ed, with a few francs, an army of dou- merely founded on jealousy of each aniers on either bank. The passage other, but on experience and sound was achieved in what they called a fly- policy; for a more wretched, unsafe, ing bridge-a double boat, that took slavish state of society, is not to be found about a quarter of an hour to pass the in history, than that existing either in narrow stream. Hannibal's first en- the republics or under the tyrants of gagement in Italy took place lower Italy—the very word tyrants bespeaks down the river, near to where the Ticin the one-and, for the republics, we joins the Po. A few hours brought us have but to look at Dante, or the histo the intended gate of Milan, with torians of his time, to learn the hapwhich Bonaparte purposed to termi- piness of petty independence and nonate the Simplon road: we had seen minal freedom. But all this is out of one of the destined pillars, as we de- place. The Milanese, perhaps, prefer scended, a little above Duomo, arrested the French; but having neither the there by the fall of the Emperor. For knowledge, the territorial force, nor the first time, I saw Austrian troops, indeed the wish, to be independent, I or rather Hungarians, of which the had rather see Austrian than French Lombard garrisons are all composed colours on their fortresses. stout, short men, with their stomachs We of course saw all the sightsunmercifully strapt, like wasps. Our the Duomo, or Cathedral, imprimis. A dandies are nothing to them in the way Northern is suprised to find the chef of lacing; besides, their belt is not d'ouvre of Gothic architecture in Italy, round the waist, but the belly—the and more surprised to find the work custom seems extremely well adapted going on at this day. This Cathedral, for short commons. To a person who begun in 1386, is not yet finished. We has read Goldsmith's history of Rome may, however, live in hope, for there at school, and nothing since, the sight are actually half-a-dozen workmen emof Austrians dominant here is shock- ployed daily (feasts excepted) on its ing; but a little further reading enormous mass. It is built of white smoothes, in a great degree, his indige marble, as all the guide-books take nation. If he is not moved by respect care to inform us. These vaunts sound for the name and family of the Cæsars, big to those who have not been in Italy, and if he think it a profanation that and have not seen how their wretched Germans should reign in Italy, he at brick are inlaid, as it were, with marble least cannot censure the Austrian go- and stone. Gothic edifices are said to vernment for endeavouring to hold be sombre, and to suit the cloudy clithose territories, that have been in its mates of the north, for no better reapossession, a few intervals excepted, son, I believe, than that their fretted from the very infancy of modern Eu- surfaces have gained that character by rope. Whether antiquity of posses- collecting the smut of smoke and time. sion, or vicinity, bestow the right of One should think that theminute beaudominion, the Austrians have far bet. ties of this order were peculiarly ater claims to govern Lombardy, than dapted to those clear atmospheres that we have to rule India. After the de- allow every denture of the chisel to be cadence of the successors of Charle- conspicuous. The lately ornamented magne, it was the Italians themselves part of Westminster Abbey ought to who called, in 960, Otho the Great be here under the same sky with the from Germany, to rule over them: Milanese Duomo, and the Tuscan paAnd let it be remembered, that the laces of the Pitti and the Strozzi ought cities of Italy, so celebrated and so to be on the banks of the Thames prosperous in the middle ages, owed they have no business in Florence, and all their rights and liberties to German nothing in common with the Arno. emperors, which, under native princes, An exception, however, must be made they could never have acquired. When as to spires and steeples—the “ silent the race of Otho became extinct, and fingers” are nothing beneath the lofty some cities thought of elevating a na- sky of Italy, that seems to moek any tive of Italy to the supreme rule, who attempt at height on this earth of ours.

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With us, where the heavens do not al. have faded, Milan still at least pretogether leave us in the lurch, altitude serves the inclusi moles cuneatio theais sublimity. But in Italy, one Cam- tri," to which it seems peculiarly atpanile is worth another ;-even the tached. highest, that of Venice, to look at, Saw the author of “ Fazio” at Miseems nothing. The great difference lan, returning from his tour ;-a broilbetween the distant view of an Eng- ing time for travel this university va." lish and of an Italian town, besides cation, I regretted the impossibility the essential one of clearness of sky, of seeing Monti, who has been at Pea is, that from the latter lofty square sạro since the death of his son-in-law, towers are seen to rise, in place of our Count Perticari. From Monti's last subtle steeples.

poetical effusion, Un Solliero nella MaI was astonished, on visiting the linconin, I was led at first to suppose Last Supper of Leonardo da Vinci, to him blind. It was dictated during a find it so much injured by time, and privation of sight, since removed, I so little by any other hand. The door was informed, by couching: for the monks' supper, so much abused, and so happy a theme of vituperation,

“ Vele un pensier mi dice: Ecco bel can have done not the least harm to

frutto

Del tuo cercar le dotte carte ; ir privo the picture. The lad, however, who

Si della luce, che il valor visivo shows the refectory where it is, seems

Già piega l'ale alla sua sera addutto." to have caught up the cant of each indignant traveller, and talked of those But the poetical spirit of Monti has peste di frati that bored their door long since evaporated, either from age, through the precious fresco. The Am- or from employing his talents in grambrosian library possesses many valu- matical controversy. He is at the heall able relics of Leonardo; among the of the anti-Tuscan party, whose very rest, a portrait of himself. Like most laudable aim is to shake off the dictaof the institutions of Italy, it com- torship of Florence over the rest of plains of not having received back all Italy as to elegance and propriety of the treasures taken by the French. I language. The present quarrel comstrained my eyes to read Petrarch's menced by the Institute at Milan, una autograph note, "concerning Laura, der the sanction of its government, written in his Virgil, but in vain ;-a inviting the Cruscans to join them in beautiful little text-hand he wrote. a reformation of the dictionary, &c. The margins of the volume are cover- The Cruscans took the proposal in ed with his notes on the Æneid. The dudgeon, and refused to take any steps Scala was not open; we, however, in an undertaking which did not ori. gained admittance. It is about as ginate with them. Upon this, Monti large as the London opera, broader took up the business singly; and, with perhaps, but neither so long nor so the aid of Perticari, has in a great lofty: Behind the scenes it contains measure succeeded in shaking the Tusmuch more room, the want of which can pre-eminence. His opinion, which is the great defect of ours.

seems by no means arrogant or unrea, The colonnade of St Lorenzo is a sonable, is, that the classic dialect of true foretaste of Roman ruins. It con- Italy cannot be concentred in any one sists of sixteen Corinthian columns, town, nor regulated by reference to the portico either of a bath or a tem- the particular idiom of one province; ple; the two uses to which antiquaries but that it should be considered the always assign doubtful fabrics. It may, same with that spoken by the men of however, be safely referred to the times letters and cultivated society throughwhen the Roman emperors made Me- out Italy. Indeed, the able dedicatory diolanum their place of residence, and letter to the Marquis Trivulzio, with when its splendour was celebrated by which the Proposta"* commences, Ausonius. If the greater part of this is sufficient to settle the point, with

• It is a shame that our great Revi have not yet noticed the “ Proposta." The third volume contains a comparison between Johnson's dictionary and the Cruscan. How can such a work, by such a man, be regarded by our literati in silence ? They have long since lost every attraction, except the possession of dry learning ;-are they losing, even that? VOL. XII.

3 X

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