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ture to stand up against its novel These, then, are the Neologians dogmas.

really and obviously intended ; not For who, I would candidly ask, a German sect, or a sprinkling of are the Neologists, and what the converts to it in England; but Neologism, which Jewish Expositors what the Morning Watch calls “the and Morning Watchmen are bent on Evangelicals,” whether Church or putting down? They have not left us Dissenting. “The soi-disant Christo look far for an answer. Through- tian world,” says that publication, out their writings they tell us that “is point by point exposing its disthe great mass of religious persons belief of every essential Christian in this country are Neologians; that doctrine, till, after rejecting the man several of our leading religious insti. Jesus to reign over them ” (that is, tutions, especially the Bible Society, rejecting Mr. Irving's notions of our are Neologian ; that our religious Lord's peccability], " they are now periodical press, in particular, is blaspheming against the Holy Ghost. decidedly Neologian; and that the The same periodical publication elsewritings and discourses of what are where gives us the whole matter in called the Evangelical clergy, and few words, and without any ambiEvangelical Dissenting ministers, are guity, by inserting a declaration of deeply tainted with this deadly he- Mr. Wolffe, the Jews' Society's disresy. I need, on this subject, only carded missionary, that Jews and quote the words of a reviewer in the Mohammedans are not such infidels last Number of the Christian Ob- as the Evangelical party in England server:-"If a man disapprove either are." The T. P. P. of the Record of the doctrine or the spirit of Mr. tells us, that the persons whom he Bulteel; if he do not follow Mr. urges the Record to wage warfare Boys and Mr. M`Neile in their upon are “those who call themspeculations on modern miracles; selves the people of the Lord ;” and if he think the constitution of the Mr. T. P. Platt has proved, says the Bible Society lawful, or oppose the Morning Watch, that "the Evanopinions of Mr. Irving and Mr. gelical world are perverting the Drummond on the interpretation of plain language of the Bible in the the prophecies; or if he dissent from same way as the Neologists of GerMr. Thelwall's microscopical con- many are doing, and their evil structive anti-neological canons, as courses are of a piece with blasset forth in the columns of the Re. pheming against the Holy Ghost.” cord-straightway he is a Neolo- Mr. Thelwall, another Jewish Expogian.” The reviewer goes on to sitor, under one of his tests of Neoshew in what manner that much- logy, says: “ Of this, sad instances respected servant of Christ, Mr. might be adduced from Lowth and Daniel Wilson, has been assailed Blayney; and indeed so far as I under this convenient term of re- have seen, from all who have put proach; together with “ the Chris- forth new versions of books of Scriptian Observer,” and, I believe, every ture !And then, after much more, one of our religious periodical pub- he adds: “I am aware that my relications that has dared to oppose marks involve a censure of many itself to the wild and fanatical specu- learned men and much-respected lations which have been of late ob- names, and fix a note of warning on truded upon “ the religious world.” many elaborate works which have The Morning Watch includes hitherto had an honourable place in amongst Neologists the men the Christian's library : but I write who talk about Christian experience, advisedly ; and let no one think that humility, piety, and brotherly love,” any host of names which can be and “cant about Bibles, tracts, and arrayed against me will induce me missions.”

to shrink from what I have here

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said.” Such is Mr. Thelwall's view in each diocese;" secret meetings are of Neology : it includes “many” of to be held ; secret agency is to be the books dearest to the Christian ; employed; no report is to be puband in a lump, without exception, “all lished; the leaders are to lock their new versions of books of Scripture.” proceedings in their own bosoms, I might go on to quote from the writ- and “to consider themselves as reings of Mr. Drummond, Mr. Irving, sponsible to none but the Lord himMr. M`Neile, the Dialogues on Pro- self.” The initiated staunch men phecy, and twenty other publications; are to procure the latest catalogues but to bring the matter back directly of books, to mark all commentaries, to the Jewish Expositor, Mr. Boys expositions, and doctrinal works, and (whose name I use, because he af- privately report them to the fraterfixes it as editor of that work,) as- nity. Others, in the meanwhile, are serts that there is a conspiracy in “to apply earnestly to the study, for this country to promote Neologism; the object of controversy;" and a and he unequivocally includes among "small periodical is to be set a others, as abettors of it, those who going ;” and “a watchful lookdeny Miss Fancourt's cure to be out is to be kept as to sermons, miraculous.

translations, &c. at the universities If further proof be wanted, it can and elsewhere;” and the association be produced in abundance ; but the is to “denounce” such books as they foregoing, it is thought, is sufficient disapprove to the bishop or the chanto demonstrate who are some of the cellor of the university, as the case persons, and what some of the opi- may happen, with a formidable list nions, intended to be crushed by the of signatures annexed, to sway or proposed secret society. The pro- intimidate him ; and if this fail, spectus asserts, that the object is “ to then to go with another “denunciawithstand infidelity in every shape ; tion” to the archbishop or the king; and I have already shewn that the and if all will not suffice, then evenparticular shape to which the writers tually to ruin the persecuted victim above named refer is, the infidelity by means of the press. Was there of what they call “the Evangelicals," at least in this free and Pro“ the men who cant about Bibles, testant land—such an overbearing; tracts, and missions.” Real infidels inquisitorial, and un-English scheme such a society would scarcely trouble devised for the alleged promotion of itself with ; nor would it think its a religious object? Would not the efforts much needed for “the re- whole nation rise as a man against pression of that modified infidelity” such a system of espionage and which


be sometimes concealed “ denunciation ?” Give me a fair, under the guise of “high church or- open, manly opponent: give me thodoxy;" nomit is the direful in- a society that publishes honest refidelity which Mr. Wolff is pleased ports of its proceedings ; but such a to charge upon the “Evangelical device as this is cowardly and insiparty” in England, whether lay or dious, and might be made an engine clerical, Dissenting or of the Esta- of the most cruel oppression. For blished Churches of Great Britain, example, let a man but dare to disIreland, and Scotland. The last sent from an iota of Mr. Boys's comes in for a peculiar share of the opinions on modern miracles, or obloquy, in consequence of the mea- from a dictum of Mr. Thelwall or sures pursued towards Mr. Irving, the Morning Watch, he is instantly Mr. Campbell, and other members a Neologian; his name is on the of the new sect.

black list; every machine is set in Such being the object, let us look motion to crush him; and it is wonat the means. A secret society is derfulindeed, if no fault, or semblance to be formed, divided into bodies of of fault, can be picked out, which, “three or four staunch men, stationed with the aid of controversy," and CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 358.



the "small periodical," and the he flatly tells him, that he does not official denunciation to the bishops, believe that it was a mistake; it shall and archbishops, kings, and univer- be no mistake. Such a reply is not sities, and the tyranny of the press, candid, Christian, or courteous; and might be made to blast his prospects, the charity which thinketh no evil, ruin his usefulness, and cause him and believeth all things, might easily to rue the day when he exposed believe a typographical error. But himself to the displeasure of an ir- Mr. Thelwall soon betrays the secret responsible secret Society, which of his displeasure against Mr. Greencould discover Neology and Infidelity field, -namely, that he is an agent in the purest doctrines and the most of the Bible Society, which invaluable holy life.

institution he forthwith sets himself I am inclined to think that poor to attack in the spirit of Mr. Hal. Mr. Greenfield, the editor of the dane, and with plentiful charges of Comprehensive Bible, is suffering "unscriptural liberalism" and Neounder this tyranny, and chiefly be- logism. He begins with the Comcause of his connexion with that prehensive Bible, and ends with the Neological Institution the Bible need of “a thorough purification of Society. Mr. Thelwall, in particular, the Bible Society and its comhas assailed him in the Record news. mittee,” with much assertion of paper with a degree of animosity “rotteness,” “ leaven," and so forth. most afflicting to every candid and I mention this only to shew the impartial mind. There may be pas- spirit of the whole proceeding; and sages in the Comprehensive Bible I cannot but congratulate Mr. Greendoubtful, or even exceptionable; field (be he right or wrong, for I am but the work has for several years neither praising nor blaming the been highly valued by thousands of Comprehensive Bible,) that he has a persons of intelligence and piety ; by jury of Englishmen and Christians to not a few of the most excellent of decide on the charges against him, our Clergy and Dissenting Ministers; and to pass sentence on the evithe testimonials of the writer, as to dence of facts, and not on the special soundness of doctrine and spirituality pleadings of counsel. If he were a of life, are stated to be of the most clergyman instead of a layman, he decisive character; and among them might be in some danger; at least is the attestation of the venerable if a bishop could be found who and beloved Dr. Waugh: yet this would lend an ear to the familiars of man is to be denounced and ruined an inquisition. Well may Mr. Boys as a Neologian and an Infidel. Mr. exclaim, “Where are the men ” to Haldane, who in his zeal to repro- conduct the secret agency of such a bate the Bible Society, has not been society? I will not say, nowhere; for very squeamish in the matter of private Jesuits have been found to obey the character, says that “Mr. Boys, Mr. most iniquitous orders of a leader; Gipps, and Mr. Thelwall have ex. and they too had their “secreta moposed the Neologian and Infidel cha- nita ; ” and published no report, and racter of many of these notes.” “Mr. professed to do every thing “ in maBoys proves,” adds Mr. Haldane, jorem Dei gloriam,” and considered “that they are of the very worst themselves as “responsible to none description, and that they come to but the Lord himself,” except, I beneither more nor less than this, that lieve, to their own General and the the Bible is not true.” Mr. Thelwall Pope, as the proposed secret society being a staunch man,” follows up would be to their general and pope the charge so resolutely, that when also. But among honourable men, Mr. Greenfield corrects, in another agents could not be found for such edition, what seems, on the face of it, an institution. Let the Jewish Exlikely enough to have been a mis- positor go to some of those clergyprint,“expletive” for “explicative,” men and gentlemen who, upon the

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whole, agree, and boldly and con- peradd to them fancies of their own, scientiously so, in his opinions, and calculated to retard the progress of ask them whether they will join his true religion, both in their own souls inquisition, and help to draw up and in the world around them, an Index Expurgatorius, and sign What are called the Evangelical “ denunciations,” and work through clergy have by the grace of God been the eaves-droppings of a new school enabled to discharge the former duty for religious scandal. I can only with much zeal and fidelity; and in imagine the severe brow and indig- particular they have not shrunk nant rebuke, which would meet from the contest with the formalists him as he proposed such a ques- of whatever grade or station in our tion. No, if the object were ever own church; with the enemies of so good, this would not be an ho- the doctrines of grace; with the nourable way of effecting it; but, deniers of justification by faith, the while secresy, and irresponsible con- work of the Holy Spirit, the necesfidence, and the suppression of re- sity and nature of conversion to God, ports, are parts of the system, I can- of Scriptural devotedness of life to not think that the object is good. his glory, and similar topics. But As to Neology in its true sense, the they are not permitted in duty to whole Christian world should man- stop here; though, as respects their fully repel its approaches, wherever own feelings, they might be glad to it intrudes; or if a special institution do so; for the times impose on be requisite for that purpose, let it them another obligation, an oblibe forthwith organized, and let all gation in many respects most painits proceedings be open and court ful, but not less urgent,-namely, to the light. But let not Protestants oppose the fanaticism which is bebecome Jesuits and Inquisitors : and ginning to prevail in certain quarabove all, let them not, under the ters, and which in its results is as plausible pretext of opposing Neo- fatally hostile to the progress of logy, be in reality aiming their blow Scriptural truth as errors of an opat something else; at those of their posite nature. May it not be, that brethren who cannot adopt their we are approaching a similar state novel opinions.

of things to that which occurred in I will only add, in conclusion, that, the middle of the seventeenth century? strongly as I have spoken, I by no that God, having been pleased in his means intend to impeach the motives mercy to cause a revival of religion in of the proposers of this scheme. I the land, the enemy of souls has been doubt not they really mean to do actively at work in sowing tares God service; but they see through among the wheat ? that, unable to a distorted medium, and fancy they effect his purpose openly, he has behold Neology and Infidelity every transformed himself into an angel of where, Deeply do I lament these light; and, under the appearance of distressing signs of the times, in what peculiar zeal, faithfulness, andspirituis called the religious world. All ality, is in truth fighting the world's Christians, and particularly minis- battle, and disparaging not a few of ters and those who have access to the most active, humble, and devoted the public by means of the press, servants of Christ; accusing them of have a serious duty to perform in lukewarmness, unfaithfulness, low reference to these portentous divi- views, Neologism, a desire to shrink sions among those who ought to from the offence of the Cross, and to strive together for the faith of the court the world, and, above all, of Gospel. There is a duty, both as it want of spirituality, just because regards those who err by defect and they do not follow every meteor of those who err by excess; those who the day, be it Baringism, or Bulteeldeny any of the doctrines of salvation, ism, or modern Millenarianism, or and those who, admitting them, su- wild reveries unjustly termed Pro

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phetic Interpretations, or the revival either common sense or meek Scrip-
of the gift of tongues and the work- tural piety survives among us. A
ing of miracles, or that deadly spirit few untamed spirits may make much
of detraction and uncharitableness clamour, but they are not the ma-
which is exhibited as boldness on jority. The vast mass of the religi-
the Lord's side against his enemies; ous part of the community are still
among the foremost of whom are untainted; and their duty is to put
reckoned—not the world, the flesh, down these things, not by rendering
and the devil -- but“ those Evangelical railing for railing, but by being“sted-
teachers ” who do not run after new fast, unmoveable, always abounding
notions, but, in the simplicity of in the work of the Lord, forasmuch
Gospel truth, continue to live and to as they know that their labour is not
preach as the Bible prescribes, and in vain in the Lord.”
as holy men of old lived and preach- One of the most portentous fea-
ed before them ? Every true Chris- tures of the day, I conceive to be
tian will earnestly desire to witness the spirit of detraction which is
a much larger portion of spiritual- abroad against the great body of
mindedness among those who name persons, who, by whatever name
the name of Christ. There is, alas! a designated, whether saints," “ the
lamentable deficiency in this respect; evangelicals,” or “the “religious
there is far more of general correct- world,” are in truth the salt of the
ness of doctrine and a decent atten- earth. I say not this in any spirit of
tion to a routine of duties, than of party, for I would include in my es-
earnest, heart-felt devotedness to timate all who love the Lord Jesus
God, love for the Redeemer, union Christ by whatever name known
to Him, rejoicing in his cross, and among men, High Church or Low
living to his glory: but this spiritual- Church ; Dissenting, Methodist, or
mindedness will not be promoted by Calvinist; Episcopalian, Presbyterian,
the revival of the absurdities of the orCongregationalist. The detraction
age of Oliver Cromwell, from its to which I allude is not that which
Fifth-Monarchy men to its gladia- arises from the side of avowed irre-
torial polemics; its hot-headed ig- ligion or pharisaic formality ; this
norance; its party-spirit; or by rail- was to be expected, and woe to re-
ing at every thing that is sound and ligious men if they were not assailed
sober, as carnal, Neologian, and self- by it. It is their honour and privi-
seeking; or by becoming accusers lege in this, as in other things, to
of the brethren, and courting a suffer with and for their Divine
small kind of martyrdom, to be re- Master. But I allude to the quarters
paid hy notoriety, by the applause of which I have before been writing
of partizans, and by a self-satisfied -to those who profess a peculiarly
assumption that bustle is religion; high degree of faith, sincerity, bold-
slander, Christian honesty; and a ness in the cause of God, and ab-
contempt for the low attainments of horrence of evil, above their brethren.
other religious men, a peculiar mark Why will they not point out what
of religion in ourselves. If such spi- they consider to be the faults, the
rits and such measures prevail, what sins, or the follies of religious persons
is there to prevent the recurrence without one perpetual spirit of sneer,
of the days above alluded to; when, contempt, innuendo, and detraction,
under the pretence of spiritual-mind- which no man can possibly believe can
edness, zealots brandished the sword do good either to the parties them-
to put down all whom they did not selves or to others? It is with extreme
consider as spiritually minded as pain that I observe this spirit in the
themselves ; and virtually instituted three publications before mentioned ;
Protestant inquisitions as despotic as the Record newspaper, in particular,
those of the Church of Rome. But turning every thing into this channel.
I have no very serious fears, while Suppose, for example, that his Ma.

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