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a common ration for cows kept in milk-dairies ; Area, 150,932 sq. miles ; about equally divided brewers' grains are not thought favourably of between the two states. Four-fifths of the surface in cheese or butter dairies, where any food that is an undulating plain. A belt of high platean, the rea lily becomes sour or tainted is scrupulously Coteau du Missouri, traverses the tract from northavoided, and is wholly prohibited by the owners of west to south-east; and a similar but smaller ridge factories or creameries, and by condensers of milk. or divide lies east of the James River valley. The Roots of various kinds are rarely used in America, great river Missouri flows south-eastward across the bot, dry summer climate and the greater ease the Dakotas; and the country west of that stream of growing the equally valuable feeding crop, is more broken and better timbered than the rest. maize (commonly called corn), combining to make In South Dakota lie the Black Hills, a rugged Tot-crops unpopular. When roots are grown, the and mountainous region (3200 sq. m.), and well long red or the yellow globe mangels are preferred. wooded. Their highest point, Harney Peak, is 8200
The use of ensilage has been found very con feet high. The Turtle Mountains in the north are venient in the dairy, and this practice is rapidly crossed by the ('anadian boundary, south of which extending. In the dairy districts of Wisconsin at their area is but 800 sq. m., and their highest ele. least 2000 silos were built in 1888, the serious vation 2300 feet. The geological features of the damage to the feeding crops by the dry season of Dakotas are full of variety and interest. A very the previous year having induced dairymen to secure large proportion of the surface is covered by ample feed by growing corn - which suffers little glacial and alluvial drift, and much of the country from drought, and to some extent enjoys dry, hot bears evidence of having been more than once weather--and preserving it green in silos. It is submerged. During the Silurian age a shallow quite certain that the cheapness and ease of produc. sea or saline lake must have rolled over it ; while tion of this grand fodder crop has given a greater there is evidence that at about the end of the stimulus to the American dairy than any other glacial period it was either the bed of a great favourable circumstance. The abundance and lake, or at least was very largely covered with cheapness of the grain (corn), and also of bran, lacustrine waters. At present the lakes are all enable American dairymen to produce cheap milk, relatively small, except Devil's Lake, or Minni. cheese, and butter; and there is no other class of waukon, in the north, which, like many others American farmers who enjoy equal comfort, and of this region, has no outlet. Its waters are even wealth.
therefore saline, but it is inhabited by fishes of Dais (Old Fr. deis, dois, from Lat. discus, a various fresh-water species. About one-third of quoit,' 'platter;' in late Lat. 'a table'), a term
| the area of the tract, chietly towards the north. used with considerable latitude by medieval writers.
west, is believed to be underlaid with beds of workIts most usual significations are the following: (1) able lignite, well adapted to use as a domestic fuel ; A canopy over an altar, shrine, font, throne, stall, and the spontaneous firing of the lignite beds has chair, statue, or the like; the term being applied
probably been a large factor in the development of to the canopy without regard to the materials of
the so-called bad lands,' which are covered with which it was composed, which might be cloth,
rocks of most fantastic shapes Natural fuel-gas wood, stone, metal, or other substance : (2) the has been obtained by boring at several points. chief seat at the high table in a hall. with the | Among the building-stones are quartzite, jasper, canopy covering it; (3) the high table itself ; and granite in the south-east, and sandstone, (4) the raised portion of the floor, or estrade, on
marble, and granite in the south-west. Fictile clays, which the high table stood, and which divided the gypsum, cement, chalk, mnica, and other useful upper from the lower portion of the hall; (5) a minerals are found in many places. Medicinal and cloth of state for covering a throne or table.
thermal springs are found in the south-west, where Daisy (Bellis), a genns of tubulifloral com
the Black Hills afford much gold and silver, as well posites (family Asteroider) characterised by its
as tin, antimony, lead, mica, copper, and other conical receptacle and absence of pappus. The seven
minerals. The tin mines are the only ones of any or right species are palæarctic, save B. integrifolia
extent ever worked in America ; and some of the of Tennessee and Arkansas. The familiar species,
gold mines are among the most extensive in the B. perennis, needs no description, nor can any one
world. In the ten years 1877.87 the gold and have failed to notice its habit of closing at night.
silver production of the Black Hills amounted to Double varieties, crimson, pink, white, or striped,
$33,770,000. are common in gardens, and are frequently of such
The climate of the Dakotas presents some remark. eruherantly vegetative habit as to produce smaller
able features. The winters are cold, but so dry heals in the axils of the involucral bracts of the
and sunny that the cold is usually borne without main capitalum, whence the popular name of Hen. great suffering, except during the blizzards (see and chickens. A handsome variegated variety is
BLIZZARD) which are occasionally experienced. called aurubar folia. The characteristic beauty and
The summer days are warın and often windy, but
and cool. The almost perennial profusion of blossom have made the nights are ordinarily calm this commonest of flowers the prime favourite alike
climate is everywhere remarkably healthful; mal. of childish and poetic garlands, and invested its
arial diseases are nearly unknown. The rainfall many names (Eng. Day's eye, Seot. Goren, Fr. |
| is relatively low, but the copious saline elements Marguerite, &c.) with such an unequalled wealth
in the soil, with the generally level surface and of emociations that it must here suffice only to
the coolness of the climate, tend to the retention name (haucer and Burns as foremost laureates of
of moisture; hence the rainfall is usually ample A ceaseless tribute of admiring song. The Ox-eye
for the production of all the ordinary crops. The
planting of forests has leen greatly encouraged by L'any is a Chrysanthemum (q.v.).
local and national legislation. The Missouri River Dak, or Dawk, the mail-post of India ; also, in the principal stream; it is usually navigable for travelling by Palanquin (q.v.). See BUNGALOW. Teight months in the year. The other important
Dako'ta, NORTH and SOUTH, two states of the rivers are the James, noted for the fertility of its American I'nion organized from the former terri. valley : the navigable Red River, famous for its tory of Dakota and amitted into Copyright 1990 im I rich alluvial basin; the Big Sioux, Vermilion, the t'nion in 1890. The tract is by . #Lppine White, Cheyenne, Boul, Moreau, Grand, ('annon bunded X by lsriniboia and (wapay. Ball, Heart, Little Missouri, Maple, and the Mouse Manitoba (l'anala): E. by Minnesota and lowa ; S or Souria. The north-east section of North Dakota by Nebraska; and W. by Montana and Wyoming in tributary to Hudson Bay through the Red River ;