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tion of himself may well be taken as a description of the whole Bible. It is an earthen vessel containing a treasure of divine light. But many are not satisfied until they have proved to themselves that this earthenware is gold. They, like Uzza, are afraid that Omnipotence is not able to preserve the equilibrium of the Ark, unless they stretch forth an arm of flesh for its support. But nothing injures Christianity in the present day more than those human schemes of state-assistance and those human theories of mechanical inspiration which are imagined to supply the necessities of God's weakness.'

IX. Baptism is a true symbol of the genius of Christianity. It is the cleansing principle of society. Sin makes men tilthy still. Devils and swine are closely allied together. The one 'enters into the other. Religion builds baths and washhouses, fountains and reservoirs. He who saves us says: 'I will, be thou clean.' "Go, wash in the pool of Siloam.? 'He that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. Cleanliness of body and mind is not next to Godliness it is Godliness. “Repent, and be baptized every one of you for the remission of sins.

POETRY

ANTHEM BY NEWMAN HALL, L.L.B., SUNG BY 2,500 PERSONS AT THE
WEEKLY MEETING OF THE WORKING CLASSES, AT SURREY CHAPEL,

MONDAY, DECEMBER 16TH, 1861.
God save our gracious Queen! O Lord our God, arise !
Long live our noble Queen! Bless England's enemies !
God save the Queen!

On Thee we call! Lord heal her bleeding heart, Let Sorrow whisper-Peace, Assuage its grievous smart,

Bid Wrong and Anger cease,
Thy heavenly peace impart,

Let Truth and Love increase,
God save the Queen!

Make Evil fall!
Our Royal Widow bless !

In this our Nation's need,
God guard the Fatherless!

With Thee we humbly plead !
God save the Queen!

God bless our Queen! Shield them with loving care,

Her life-woe sanctify,
Their mighty grief we share, Her loss untold supply,
Lord hear the people's prayer,

THYSELF be ever nigh
God save the Queen!

To save our Queen!

A DIRGE.*
Toll, great bell of Saint Paul ! Which had the right to chide,

Toll through the midnight air ! Or sweetest praise bestow!
Bid all the people fall

Millions will love her still;
Upon their knees in prayer-

Ay, fondlier than before!
For the dear lady, left

But the one equal will
Upon her glittering throne,

Is gone for evermore.
More utterly bereft,

Then weep and pray for her
More hopelessly alone,

Upon her glittering throne
Than the poor peasant's wife In pomp so chill and drear,
Because from her is riven

So high, yet so alone!
The only human life,

May the Kind Power above
That to her state was given,

His holiest balm impart,
To help, controul, and guide- And may her children's love
The only voice below,

Comfort the mother's heart! * From the Star.

SHORT NOTICES OF BOOKS.

The Golden Opportunity, and how to

ventures as the anonymous, from conImprove it. Prize Essay on the best fidence in the truth of his principles. mode of infusing a Missionary Spirit He has successfully demonstrated the into the Education of the Young. groundlessness of the greater number Eliot Stock, Paternoster Row. 1861, of English religious divisions. He

evidently knows English religious soThis volume owes its existence to the Rev.C.Hodgson, Rector of Barton

ciety, with its many sides, uncomle-Street, Yorkshire, who offered prizes monly

well

, a description of knowledge of 501., 201., 101., and 51., for the best

much rarer than is imagined, for few essays on the subject mentioned in the

men have many intimacies in other title. The highest prize was gained

communions than their own. Those by the Rev. John Stock, of Devon

who are agreed walk together. The port, whose essay stands first in the

disease of sectarianism is ably de

scribed. But little is said of the represent publication. It is a serious, business-like, well-argued composition

medy—that remedy being nothing -stating a good case in plain English.

less than perfect union with God. It proves a prevalent neglect in educa

Nothing except this can break up the

Sects.' It is to be desired that this tion, and shows the means of supplying the defect. If childhood and

deep interior cure had been more fully

described. But taken as it stands, the youth were taken more often into the counsels of the church, and imbued pamphlet deserves very respectful nowith early zeal for the spread of Chris

tice. It ought not to die the common tianity, there is no doubt that a loud

death of pamphlets ; every page conjuvenile Hosannah would assist the

tains able and interesting thoughts on triumph and the progress of that King

English Church life, and we sincerely

desire its circulation. The discussion who cometh in meekness to Jeru

of the differences between the Indesalem. This is a book which well deserves the attention of parents and pendents and the Baptists is especially Sunday-school teachers, and pre-emi

worthy of the attention of those two nently of the ministers of the Word,

half tribes of Manasseh divided by

the Jordan. who do not give nearly their fair share of attention in preaching to the youthful portion of their auditory.

The Post Revival. A word of advice to workers among the poor.

Bell The Strife of Sects. Simpkin and

and Daldy. London, 1861. Marshall. 1861.

This is another pamphlet of sixteen This is the first of a series of

pages which ought to be rescued from * Tracts for the Thoughtful, on matters

oblivion. It appears to be the work relating to the religious condition of of a clergyman, who desires to reap the age. The pamphlet is anony profit for his people from the revival, mons, and an anonymous pamphlet is without exactly entering into the generally destined to an early death. movement itself. Seeing that revivals If the authors of such compositions cannot be prevented among the lower can extract from their disappointment orders' from time to time, the question the comfort, that those whom the seems to be, how can we turn these gods love die young,' well and good, seasons of excitement to account ? and but an author's satisfaction with his especially, how shall we most usefully own performance. is seldom an ade deal with the languid state of mind quate consolation under such intellec that usually follows them ? The tual bereavement. · Knowing of whom author does not appear to be much thou hast learned them,' is an assistance concerned with the people's souls, extowards practical moralities not un cept in a broad-church benevolent worthy even of Timothy to remember, sort of way, desiring that they may nor of St. Paul to remind him. In all get safe to heaven at last. The the present instance, the author boldly name of Christ is not once mentioned

in the composition—a fact which, one creation is the six days' work which though not absolutely damnatory, is is described in the first chapter; the significant. But in the character of a other is the creation of the garden in civilizer, our clergyman shines forth Eden, with its special trees and beasts, with great brightness. Everything and the formation of Adam, as derelating to the physical, intellectual, scribed in the second chapter. And and moral interests of his flock stirs this view is adopted with all its consehis zealous affection. You love the

quences. The pre-Adamite world, it man for his good sense and healthy is alleged, had its pre-Adamite race of benevolence. He is a thorough fire human beings. The 'man' who was side pastor of the poor, a department created on the sixth day, is quite disof labour in which

many of the clergy tinct from the 'man' who was formed of the Church of England offer an ex- long years afterwards, and placed in cellent example to us. It is in this Eden, amidst entirely new species of domestic and social character that our plants and animals. It is further ashearts always warm towards the clergy, serted, that the pre-Adamite race of when, as in this case, they enter into men were sinless beings, and therefore their work clearly from the love of did not come under the law of death, it, and not from ostentation, or rivalry, but were translated from the earth or priestcraft. No one could have into some higher region of existence. written this pamphlet but a man who Thus the absence of human bones from thoroughly knows a poor man's heart the geological strata is easily accounted and home; and it is alive from end to for ; whilst, at the same time, the alend with good advice, given in detail

, leged recent discovery of human imas to the most effectual means of im plements in a 'formation of earlier proving the health, the knowledge, date than the historic period,' is renand the comfort of the poor parish dered intelligible. ioners. A minister of religion still Now, we would not blame any one young, and recently settled in a po for entertaining the hypothesis that pulous district, would find this word our earth has been the abode of preof advice' well deserving of his regard. Adamite populations of human beings. Not the least of its recommendations The conjecture has been made before, is, that it is written in English, a lan and, without harm to any son of Adam, guage to which the clergy pay more may be made again. But the author attention than their Nonconformist

of this pamphlet is not satisfied with brethren.' Yes, it does one's heart conjecture ; he asserts that there is good to read a few pages of plain, evidence in the Mosaic record itself of straightforward English, written by a the existence of such prior population. gentleman, and clear from the high To this assertion we must demur. polite style of the servant girl who His argument fails to show that the recently put in the corner of her en records contained in the first two velope, ' Emancipated;' she meant that chapters of Genesis do not stand to being stamped, her letter was free. each other (as they are commonly and Geology and the Mosaic Record-their naturally supposed to do) in the relaGrand Harmony.

James Nisbett,

tion of general to special narrative. and Co. 1861.

And we must further demur to being Here, in the form of a sixpenny

awed into the acceptance of any docpamphlet, containing a lecture deli trine or theory whatsoever, by the

We vered before the Mutual Improvement frequent use of capital letters. Society of Ham-street, Kent, we have

are not to be convinced of the exa somewhat novel attempt at solving

istence of a pre- Adamite race of men the problem of Geology and the and women by the bold assertion, 'It Bible.' Recognizing the fact that the

IS TRUE! Capitals' thus employed first two chapters of Genesis contain

in the course of an argument always two distinct records, the author sup weaken it. They may be well enough poses that these are not two dissimilar meant; but their domineering and records of the same creation, but re

somewhat bullying aspect is resented by cocds of two distinct creations. The the reader as a kind of personal insult

THE

CHRISTIAN SPECTATOR.

FEBRUARY, 1862.

THE EXODUS ACCOMPLISHED AT JERUSALEM.

A STUDY ON THE SAMENESS OF JESUS CHRIST THROUGH ALL AGES.

And behold there talked with Him two men, which were Moses and Elias, who

appeared in glory, and spake of the decease (Tnye Godow) which he should ac

complish at Jerusalem.”—Luke ix. 30. * This same Jesus which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in

like manner as ye have seen Him go into heaven.'—Acts i. 2. 'Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever.'—Heb. xiii. 8.

A CAREFUL examination of the statements of the first three Evangelists will bring out the following facts respecting the transfiguration of our Lord :—that it took place not on Tabor of Galilee, but on the wooded sides of one of the lofty mountains in the range of the lower Hermon ; that it occurred towards the end of our Saviour's ministry, before his last journey to Jerusalem ; and that the vision appeared at night, when Jesus had retired for prayer, and when his apostles were 'heavy with sleep.'

The objects designed in the transfiguration, were, no doubt, manifold. The Infinite Mind has many meanings in its acts.

It had probably some bearings on the state of thought and feeling in the invisible world, but those, as in the case of the upward relations of the death of Christ, we are less able to appreciate. It had probably bearings upon the mind and feelings of our blessed Lord himself; it was a baptism of glory to strengthen Him for his approaching baptism of blood. It had bearings upon the faith and intelligence of the Apostles who beheld it, being fitted to brace their souls for the great conflicts which awaited them at the crucifixion, and until the end of their ministry. And it had bearings upon the faith and hope of the Church until the end of the world : for this radiant vision shines still through the darkness of centuries, the VOL. III.- NEW SERIES.

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ininiature representation, and emblem, and prophecy, of the kingdom of the resurrection. It was eight days after Christ's affirmation that some were standing round bim who should not taste of death until they had seen the kingdom of God,' that Peter, and James, and John were led up to behold this ravishing apparition ; and we can scarcely doubt that his reference in these mystical words was to the privilege in store for them of so soon beholding

the King in his beauty. They were destined to be the witnesses in all nations to the power and coming of the Lord Jesus Christ in the glory of the Father :' and therefore they were made to be eyewitnesses of His majesty,' in order that with victorious strength they might say, that they had 'not followed cunningly devised fables.' This voice,' they said, 'which came from heaven we heard, when we were with Him on the holy mount ! They had seen, on the summits of the Hermon, an image of the everlasting Kingdom. They had seen the Sun of human souls shine forth in the effulgence of an endless life; they had seen and heard Moses and Elijah conversing with their Lord, as ambassadors from the inhabitants of the unseen world ; and they had listened, amidst the glory of the shekinah, to the accents of Almighty Love.

To one point alone in this wonderful narrative we will restrict our attention ; the aspect of the transfiguration towards the abodes of the blessed. Observe the language employed in the 31st verse.

They spake,' says our version, of the decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. The word here employed is unusual. It is not the common word for death, but exodós—the EXODUS, or exit which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

It is remarkable that the very same word, used only twice in this sense in the New Testament, is employed by Peter in his second epistle, when speaking of his own departure,' in connexion with a reference to the transfiguration. I will endeavour that after my decease, after my exodus, ye shall have these things always in remembrance. At the transfiguration, Peter learned to think of his death as an exodu-8, an exit.

The grand idea shining forth in this word is lost by our version of decease in both cases. It is true that the idea of death is involved in both instances, but that idea is not alone. Standing alone it is incomplete, and wholly insufficient to convey the meaning of the exodus. The other essential idea is, departure from this world into the invisible—the translation from earth to heaven. While, therefore, we do not doubt that the subject of discourse between Christ and the two prophets was his approaching death, to which the world should owe the abolition of death and the bringing in of immortality, it is equally clear that what ultimately occupied their minds was the approaching speedy ascension and reception of Jesus into the sphere of glory, from which, for one midnight hour, they had descended to afford the apostles the evidence of its reality.

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