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ciously interfered with the con- even audaciously: And with the cerns of the Presbyterian Church permission and assistance of God, at large, but has, in the page from the Presbytery shall be defended which our quotations are taken, and vindicated.-If feelings are however bland his language, held pained, we regret it, but the assailup the Presbytery of Philadelphia, ant of a judicatory of the church to which we belong, as having act of Christ, is alone responsible. ed unreasonably, oppressively, and


THE ARTICLES OF THE SYNOD OF ly ignorant are many who belong to Cal.

DorT, AND ITS REJECTION OF ER- vinistick churches. "Let both classes atRORS: With the History of Events tentively read the proceedings of the Synod which made way for that Synod, manual, and they will no longer think, as published by the Authority of speak, and act, under false impressions. the States-General; and the Docii- They will know what Calvinism is, and

what it is not to what it is opposed, and ments confirming its Decisions,

to what it is not opposed. In the most of Translated from the Latin, with

his remarks, we agree with Dr. Scott.Notes, Remarks, and References. In some we do not. We disagree with him By Thomas Scott, Rector of Aston toto cælo, in thinking the articles of the Sanford, Bucks. Utica, William Synod of Dort too extensive and too parWilliams : 1831.

ticular. They would never have answered

their design if they had been less particuWe think that all the Calvinists in the lar. We agree with him fully, both in dis. United States are indebted to Mr. Wilc approving of all persecution for conscience liams of Utica, for republishing Scott's sake, and in attributing it in Holland to the Translation from the Latin of “ The Arti- spirit of the age, rather than to any thing cles of the Synod of Dort, and its rejection peculiar to the Synod, or to the States. of Errors." Nothing could be

"The Harmony of Confessions,” is vasonable at the present time. The most of luable so far as it goes. But we do wish those who talk against Calvinism, do not we had a good and entire English translaknow what Calvinism is; and almost equal. tion of the “Syntagma Confessionem," &c.

nore sea

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.


A Statement showing the two extremes Digestive Power of Birds.--In order to of Fahrenheit's thermometer, situated ascertain the strength of their stomachs, where there was a free circulation of air, Spallanzani had recourse to a great variand northern exposure, in each month; ety of experiments. Tin tubes full of grain and the correspo ng day of the month. were forced into the stomachs of turkeys, Also the perpendicular depth of rain, which and after remaining for twenty-four hours fell through the several months of the year were found to be broken, compressed and 1831-at ihe residence of J. B., Solebury distorted in the most irregular manner. In township, Bucks county, Pa.

the space of 24 hours, the stomach of a

cock broke off the angles of a piece of 1831.

rough jagged glass, though, on examining MONTHS.

the gizzard, no wound or laceration appeared. In a ball of lead were fixed 12 strong

needles, with the points projecting about January, 56° 4 *1° 25 4.94

1-4 of an inch from the surface. Thus arm. February, 48 16 0 6

2.75 ed, the ball was covered with a case of paMarch, 70 26 19 18 3.18

per, and forced down the throat of a turApril, 80 18 31 10

7.43 key. The bird retained it a day and a half, May, 92 40 8 2.27

without manifesting any symptoms of unJune,

46 25 7.53

easiness, and the points of all the needles July,

51 12 5.64

were broken off close to the surface of the August,

50 29


ball, except two or three, of which the September, 81 2 40 19 4.54

stumps projected a little. The same inteOctober,

29 7.26 resting observer relates, that he fixed 12 November, 64 9 20 30 2.99

80 4 32

small and very sharp lancets in a similar December, 34 | 25

16 1.70

ball of lead, which was given in the same Below Zero,

156.10 manner to a turkey cock, and left eight one who has the good of his country at

Day of
Day of

នននននន " PM.

Se o Sun-rise. జలని పులుల వద్ద

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hours in the stomach, at the expiration of ed towards the window, a person within,
which the stomach was opened; but no. directing the eye to that angle will see
thing appeared except the naked ball, the the whole street both to the right and to
lancets having been broken to pieces, and the left.
the stomach remaining sound and entire.
Hence we may infer, that stones, so often

Fondness for Children denotes not only
found in the stomachs of many of the

a kind heart, but a guileless one. A knave feathered tribes, may powerfully contri- always detests children-their innocent bute to the pulverization of grain and looks and open brow.speak daggers to his other hard substances which constitute

heart. He sees his own villany reflected their food.

from their countenance, as it were from a

mirror. The great and good have always Judea.-M. Chateaubriand remarks, that been remarkable for their fondness of when you travel in Judea, the heart is at

children. Agesilaus, King of Sparta, was first filled with profound melancholy. But

the most generous of Monarchs, and the when, passing from solitude to solitude,

most tender of fathers. Diverting himself boundless space opens before you, this feel.

one day with riding on a stick with his
ing wears off by degrees, and you expe- children, and being surprised by a friend
rience a secret awe, that so far from de- in the action, he desired him not to men-
pressing the soul, imparts life and elevates tion it till he was a father. Henry IV. of
the genius. Extraordinary appearances France, taught his children to call him
every where proclaim a land teeming

with papa, or father, and not sire, (the new fash-
miracles. The burning sun, the towering ion introduced by Catharine de Medicis.)
eagle, the barren fig-tree, all the pictures One day, going on all fours, with the Dau-
of scripture are here. Every name com- phin on his back, an Ambassador suddenly
memorates a mystery; every grotto an- entered, when Henry, looking up, Mon-
nounces a prediction; every hill re-echoes sieur l'Ambassador, have you any chil-
the accent of a prophet. God himself has dren?' 'Yes, sire, replied he. Very
spoken in these regions, dried up rivers, well; then I will finish my race round the
rent the rocks and opened the grave. The chamber.'
desert still appears mute with terror; and
you would imagine that it had never pre- Novel Duello.-A Paris paper relates as
sumed to interrupt the silence since it a fact, that two students in Berlin, having
heard the awful voice of the Eternal. quarrelled, agreed to kiss the lips of a per-

son mortally affected with the Cholera,
The Naples Journal announces that a

and that the dispute should terminate with
discovery has been made in the ruins of the death of either. Each of them kissed
Pompeii of greater value and interest than

the lips of a man in the last stage of the
any that has preceded it. On the 24th of disease, but neither dying within 24 hours
October a picture in mosaick was found in afterwards, their “mutual friends” de-
the Triclinium of the house said to belong clared that they should be reconciled.
to Faunus: it is about 20 palms long by 10
palms in width, (or about 18 feet by 9 feet The subjoct of Silk has latterly, through
English,) and of exquisite workmanship. the exertions of Mr. Duponceau and Mr.
The subject is the batile of Sarpedon, froin D'Homergue, really assumed an important
the Iliad; the figures being half the natu- aspect, and that their exertions have not
ral size. Time has injured some part of been made, so far at least, in vain, is proved
this precious relic, which, however, is still by the fact, that before Mr. D'Homergue
the chef d'auvre of Pompeii, as to the ex. came to this country, which was towards
pression of the figures, ihe perfection of the end of the year 1829, we were not only
ihe drawing, and what is more rare in a ignorant but wholly indifferent about the
marble picture, the finish of the execution. matter, and now it is regarded, and justly
The King and the whole Court have been too, by our citizens, as of considerable mo-
to view this magnificent mosaick, and ment. For it has been proved by Mr. Du-
while there the room adjoining the Tri- ponceau, that its introduction among us
clinium was explored, and several vases will be attended with wealth and prosperi-
and utensils in silver and bronze brought ty. It is sincerely to be hoped by every
to light.

heart, that this subject may meet with To almost every house in Rotterdam, and sometimes to every window of a house proper encouragement at the hands of the on the first floor, there is fixed a single or double looking glass, or reflector, by means Earthquake at the North.-The St. Lawof which a person in the room, sitting be- rence Republican of the 24th inst. states, fore the window, can seo by reflection, the that on the evening of Sunday, the 22d, whole length of the street, the passengers, the report of an Earthquake was felt at the trees, the canal and the shipping. Ogdensburgh at about half past 11 o'clock. When two of these reflectors are placed 6 Houses were shaken so much as to awaat right angles, and the right angle point- ken many from sleep; and the tremulous

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motion of every thing was painfully per- fever; 117 bilious fever; 29 typhus fever; ceptible to every person awake. The rat

104 of old age. tling of stoves, crockery, and windows, with the vibration of every thing movea

Centessimal_Anniversary. The twen

ty-second of February will be the hunble, together with a sound like distant

dredth anniversary of the birth day of Gen. thunder underneath the surface of the

GEORGE WASHINGTON--the illustrious earth, was distinctly felt and heard, by all

founder of American liberty. It is prowho had not retired to sleep. There were

posed in different sections of the Union, three distinct shocks, the second being the

that the day be held as a national jubilee; most violent, at intervals of about half a minute, and the rumbling noise continued bration, ihe two great political parties in

and that, for the time being of the celetwo minutes.” The convulsive movements of the earth appear to have travelled mosity, towards each other, as inconsist

the country lay aside every thing like ani. north, as the quaking was felt at Montreal

ent with the feelings of respect and veneabout an hour after its occurrence at Og. ration for the meinory of the illustrious densburg. The Montreal Herald of the 25th says, naturally awaken.

dead— feelings which the occasion will so “the shock was very distinctly felt in that city," varied in the degree of its violence,

Influenza in Horses.--The modified in the different quarters of the town. In

Cholera Morbus has spent its force in this some parts there was a previous, not very

vicinity upon human beings, and has now loud, but very distinct, noise for some se.

commenced its operation upon horse-flesh; conds before the shock was felt; this was

these animals are afflicted with severe the case in the St. Louis and St. Lawrence coughs and difficult breathing, and they suburbs, in which latter quarter a gentle : require constant care and kind nursing, to man of undoubted veracity affirms, that prevent pulmonary disease following; dehis attention was particularly attracted by pletion, and abstinence, and patience, have the sound, which, as he describes it, was

all been practised by these four-footed like the passing of an exceeding heavy invalids, and with a high degree of sucwagon, crushing pieces of ice beneath its -Springfield Journal. wheels. The gentleman rose, and imme- Anti Profane Society. A society has diately feeling the shock, was induced to been formed by the students of Charlotte look out at the weather, which was clear Hall Academy, Maryland, for the laudable and perfectly serene.

purpose of repressing the vulgar and im

pious practice of profane swearing. From the Annual Report of deaths at

The members of the association pledge Baltimore, it appears that from January, their honour to abstain from profane lan1831 to January, 1832, the deaths in that

guage themselves, and to do all in their city were 2308, of which number five were

power for its entire abolition. over 100 years, viz. 'a free coloured man, 120-a free coloured woman, 112-a free On Friday, the 27th ult. at sunrise, at coloured man, 106—a female slave, 106— Germantown, the mercury in Fahrenheit's and a white woman, 105 years old.- Thermometer stood at 7 degrees below Among the diseases were, 340 consump- zero. It was the coldest day since January tion; 248 cholera infantum; 161 scarlet 25th, 1821.


Religious Intelligence.


New York; from three in Penn

sylvania; from four in Virginia; From the 15th of December to from two in North Carolina; from the 20th of January, inclusive, the five in Ohio; from one in KenExecutive Committee of the Gene- tucky; from one in Illinois, and ral Assembly's Board of Missions from one in Arkansas Territory. made seven new appointments of But beside these, many reports missionaries, and ten reappoint- were received, from various parts ments-seventeen in all.

of the United States, from which The Missionary Reporter con- no extracts are contained in the tains extracts of reports for the Reporter. The reports from near. period abovementioned, from one ly all the missionaries, are of the missionary in Lower Canada; from most encouraging and interesting four missionaries in the State of character. They give an account Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.




of a considerable number of revi. The amount of cash received by vals of religion, some of them very the Board of Missions from 15th remarkable; of the establishment of December, 1831, to 20th of Jan. and superintendence of Sabbath 1832, is--$ 1,558 11.-It may be schools; of the institution of Tem- proper again to state, that the treaperance Societies; of the organi- sury of the Board has been overzation of churches; of protracted drawn, to the amount of several meetings for religious exercises; of thousand dollars; and that it is numerous additions made to the hoped the church will speedily, not church; of Bible and catechetical only repay lenders, but prevent the classes; of the closing of some distil- necessity of future loans. leries and the continuance of others; of the state of religion and morals in various places; of the resuscitation of expiring churches and congregations; of the distribution of tracts; and of the erection of one or two houses for publick worship.

In the absence of the Secretary Who can look at this mere sketch of the Board, in the discharge of of the operations and effects of the his important and arduous duties, missionary enterprise, and not feel we have applied to his assistant, new animation in the cause, or re- for a statement of the operations fuse to form new resolutions to sup- of the Board for January. It is as port it liberally? The missionaries follows: often mention their difficulties, tri- . The General Agent visited New York als and sufferings; but they gene- in the early part of the month, and prerally do it, not only without com

pared the way, after having produced implaint, but with thankfulness for Board, for more extended operations ; by

pressions decidedly favourable to our divine support, and the expression which means, encouraging support is ex of delight in their work.

pected from that quarter. He then visited By a letter from the Stated Clerk Virginia, where he is now labouring, for of the Presbytery of South Alaba

the purpose of presenting the claims of

the Board, and preparing the way for a ma, directed to the Corresponding temporary or permanent agency in the Secretary of the Board, it appears Synods of Virginia and North Carolina. that that Presbytery has recently of the impression already produced by resolved to “ immediately


him there, the Southern Religious 'Telesteps to become connected with graph speaks in high terms.

"Our agents from abroad have reported the Assembly's Board of Mis- subscriptions to various amounts, and with sions.” The Stated Clerk says-- other encouraging items, that the Pres

byteries of Georgia, Ohio, and Steuben“ I will just remark, that this great ville, have become auxiliary to the Board. question has been decided by us without

“ Two additional agents have been comany unpleasant excitementalmost una. missioned until the meeting of the Genenimously. We have been for several years

ral Assembly-The Rev. Robert Lapsley auxiliary to the American Home, and they to operate in Tennessee, Alabama, and have aided us liberally—our recent change Mississippi, and the Rev. James V. Henry, has been from calm and prayerful convic.

whose field of labour consists of certain tion of duty. We leave our friends of the parts of New York and New Jersey. American Home with no other than feel.

" The number of candidates for the paings of warm gratitude. As Presbyterians tronage of the Board is steadily progresswe considered it an imperious and imme. inge-fifteen have been received during the diate duty, to change our relation. May

month. the Lord enable us all to do more in this

6. The amount of collections is as folgreat cause, and deliver all his servants

lows:from all unhallowed motives and feelings. From Mr. Solomon Allen, in part Affectionately your friend and brother in of subscriptions for the current the gospel.

$ 500 Jos. P. CONNINGHAM, From Mr. Saml. Hildeburn, ditto, 125 Stated Clerk South Alabama Presh'y." Mr. J. W. Gibbs, in full, do. 100



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From Mr. William Brown, in fall lands are concerned. It is a most of subscriptions for the current

interesting summary, which every year,

250 From Mr. Robert Ralston, in part, 350

christian ought to peruse with care... From a member of the Presbyte

The A. B. C. F. M. is an institurian Church of Coshocton, Ohio, tion which does honour to our per Rev. Dr. Green,


country, and to the christian reliFrom Mr. Samuel Richards, in part of subscription for the current

gion. We wish the remarks at the

300 end of their summary may be deepyear, From Mr. Alex. Henry, ditto, 500 ly considered. The American PresMr. per Rev. Dr. Green,

10 byterian Church, although she has

contributed with considerable libe. $2,145

rality to the funds of the A. B. C. “The entire amount of subscriptions F. M., and her members have had during the present month cannot be cor. a share in its direction, and her rectly ascertained. The amount in New ministers a share in its missions York is pretty large, but left open until Mr. Breckenridge returns. That in Vir- among the heathen, yet has never ginia and in other places which he may made the exertions that she oughı; take in his route, will be reported when and in her distinctive character as he returns."

a church, has not, at this hour, a Our readers, we hope, will re

heathen mission on the face of the collect, that the Board of Educa- earth. We rejoice to see some intion have given an explicit pledgedications of a resuscitation of a to the public, to take on their funds spirit, which she manifested while every well qualified young man who others slept, in the days of Brainshall apply to them for aid. This erd. We hail the institution estapledge has been given in confidence blished by the Synod of Pittsburgh that the Presbyterian Church wish- as an omen for good, and wish it ed it to be given, and would enable may receive the earnest prayers the Board to redeem it. But it and the liberal contributions of should be constantly kept in mind, every Presbyterian in the United that to redeem it will require very

States. liberal contributions; and that no The missions under the direction of the just calculation can be made on [American] Board are in India-Chinathe receipts of a single month.

the Mediterranean-the Sandwich Islands

and the North American Indians. Nearly the whole amount of contributions for the year, will proba

INDIA. bly be received in three or four of The missions are in Bombay, one of the the months of the whole year. The Presidencies of British India, and in the object is one of the highest im

northern district of Ceylon. The first was

commenced in the year 1813; the second, portance, and we hope it will be

in the year 1816. so regarded and treated by all who desire to contribute by pecuniary Allen Graves, Cyrus Stone, William aid, to the success and extension of Ramsey, Hollis Read, Missionaries, and the gospel.

their wives; David O. Allen and William Hervey, Missionaries; James Garrett, Printer, Mrs. Garrett; and Cynthia Farrar, Superintendent of Native Female Schools.

It is about eighteen years since the Ame

rican missionaries first landed in Bombay. The Missionary Herald

The natives had then never heard the gosmences the present year with a

pel preached in their own tongue. No part

of the scriptures had been translated. No. “brief view of the missions of the thing had been done to attract attention American Board of Foreign Missions.” Save a little abbreviation,

* The term Missionary is used to denote we give it entire, so far as foreign an ordained preacher of the gospel.




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