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SUMMARY

the Old, and summaries of Christian doc Herald. Salvation through the Lamb that trines and duties, have been printed in the was slain, is brought within the reach of native language, and placed in the hands thousands, and many have fled and are of some thousands of the natives. The fleeing to lay hold on the hope set before government of the islands has adopted the them; but how few are their helps, commoral law of God, with a knowledge of its pared with those which we have, and with purport, as the basis of its own future ad what they ought to possess. The regular ministration ; and the Christian religion is preaching of the gospel is enjoyed by not professedly the religion of the nation. In more than one-fourth of the inhabitants. deed, most of the chief rulers are members The rest see only a few rays of heavenly of the visible church of Christ. Special light. laws have been enacted, and are enforced, against murder, theft, licentiousness, re The Board has now eighteen distinct tailing ardent spirits, Sabbath breaking, missions under its care--four in Asia, three and gambling. The Christian law of mar in Europe, ten among the Indian tribes of riage is the law of the land. Commodious North America, and one in Polynesia. houses for public worship have been erect These missions embrace 54 stations, and ed by the principal chiefs, with the cheer are composed of 66 preachers, 50 lay-asful aid of the people, in the places of their sistants, and 136 female helpers, married residence; and when there is preaching, and single;-in all, 252. The number of these chiefs regularly and seriously attend, schools is 1045, containing 50,000 scholars. and their example is followed by great There are four printing establishments, numbers of their subjects. Churches are with eight presses, from which not far gathered, as with us, wherever there are from 1,000,000 of books, and about pastors to take the care of them, and acces 47,000,000 of pages, have been issued, in sions are made to them, from time to time, eleven different languages. Thirty-three of such as we may reasonably hope will be churches have been organized, and contain saved.-In one small district, which, but upwards of 1300 members; and, within a few years since, rung through all the the period embraced by this survey, not length and breadth it with the cries of less ihan five of the missions have been savage drunkenness, a thousand people visited with copious effusions of the Spirit have associated on the principle of entire

of God. abstinence from the use of intoxicating liquors.-Moreover, in that same district, We should not for a moment lose sight and in two others, with a united popula of the vast regions, upon which the Sun tion of perhaps 40,000, where the morals of Righteousness has never risen. We owe were as degraded, a few years ago, as any them a most solemn duty. The publication where on earth, a fourth part of the inha of the gospel in all countries and climes, bitants have formed themselves into socie and to every creature, ought to be the high ties for the better understanding and keep and constant aim of the church. It ought ing of God's holy law, and require unim to be published so that all men may have peachable morals as a condition of inem full opportunity to hear, and understand, bership in their several fraternities.

and be saved. But the belief is not to be All these are believed to be facts. And

encouraged, that the church may be dethey are traceable wholly to the blessing of tained in any one place, or country, until God on the establishment of a Christian all men have seen fit to embrace the gosmission on those islands, a little more than pel. The faithful publication of it is all eleven years ago

that is enjoined upon the church; and if A moinent’s reflection, however, is suf: men, after having full opportunity to unficient to show, that after all the work of derstand it, will continue to be heathens; evangelizing and civilizing those islands is or, renouncing the outward forms of heabut just commenced. The nation is yet in thenism, if they will not cordially receive its infancy. It is just beginning to under the truth, and bow their necks to the easy stand the advantages of the social state. yoke of Christ-no matter where they The elements of individual improvement, live, they are not to retard us in our work and domestic happiness, and national order as heralds of the Lord Jesus. We are to and prosperity, have been introduced, and advance to others, and to others still, the contrast between the former and pre- through all the habitations of men. sent condition and character of the nation, It is surely incumbent on us to enlarge as such, is great in almost every respect. our desires, and plans, and expectations. Yet very few have done more than merely Rapidly as we have advanced in reference to cross the threshold of knowledge. Three to the anticipations of the holy men who fourths of those who are capable of learn began this enterprise, we have proceeded ing to read, have yet to acquire the art. slowly in comparison with the work to be A collection of all the books in the lan- done,

and the manifest duty of the churchguage would not contain as much matter Two-thirds of an entire generation as there is in one volume of the Missionary have gone out of the world, since the Board Ch. Adv.-Vol. X,

L

es.

BURMAN MISSION.

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was organized, and millions on millions " We read, with surprise, here in Wirare hurrying where no voice of mercy can temberg, of the controversy carried on in reach them. Let the gospel be immediate foreign papers, respecting the merits of ly proclaimed to them, whatever it may what are called Sunday schools, and that cost the churches. Ease, property, fame, people, in niany places, imagine that they even life itself-let all be sacrificed for an are doing some wonderfully new thing in esobject of such amazing importance. tablishing schools of that kind. This illus

trates the spirit of our country, which has

always prosecuted its noblest undertaExtract of a letter from a female friend in - kings, quietly and faithfully, content if Burmah, to Miss

of

good is effected, without being solicitous dated Tavoy, May 12, 1831.

of fame. “ My Dear The baptized Karens,

“As early as the year 1695 the ecclenumber more than 80 at present, among tice, $ 21.** Forasmuch as it has become

siastical Synod ordained in a general nowhom are many young females, who it is desirable, should learn to read and sew.

highly necessary to devise some remedy, "Fifty were here last Sabbath, to attend

as far as it is practicable, for the neglect of the communion; some of them came three

the summer schools in the villages which days' journey for the purpose.—Twelve is almost universally complained of, it is were baptized on Saturday afternoon. On hereby provided that hereafter the schoolSabbath_evening we assembled at the

masters, in those places in which school School Zayat. There were forty-four Ka- is kept but twice a week, or not at all, duren communicants, three Burmans, two ring the summer, shall, at least every SaChinese, two Americans, one English, one

turday as also on Sunday and holiday, one

hour before the service, viz. when the first Tavoyer, and one Mussulman boy. I was reminded, as I looked around, of that as

signal for worship is given, give instrucsembly mentioned Rev. vii. 10., but then,

tion in the catechism, in reciting psalms

and instead of the breathless silence that per.

verses, and in prayer.' vaded this assembly, the song will be · Sal.

These were Sunday schools, simply as a pation.'

substitute for the elementary summer 66 One instance has occurred where a

schools, and intended only for the unconyoung woman, her mother and grandmo- firmed youth.--Forty-four years afterther, have been baptized; another, of a wards, however, but still early enough woman and four children. Three years improvement, the Synod of 1739 ordained

with respect to the general progress of since, all those now in the church, worshipped their English prayer book, now

(Gen. Rescript of 1738, § x.) 'And as, in the archives of the Baptist Mission in

to our great satisfaction, in certain dioBoston. One of the men baptized the other

ceses, as Tuebingen and Herrenburg, the day, was formerly a conjurer. As a people, Sunday and holiday schools or spiritual exthey are far from many of the vices that

ercises for grown up and unmarried perstain the Burman character. We hope

sons, have been introduced with a laudamanyI say many, for a few will not suf ble spirit, we desire that the same may be fice to give this multitude of perishing im- cont;nued in future; but where such have mortals the bread of life, will come and

not yet been established, we require that take their stand here, and dispense the you also, in your place, make every posword of God and the ordinances of the

sible effort that Sunday schools may in Gospel to all who will receive them. The like manner be introduced and upheld.” promises of God and the signs of the times

This order was explained as follows.are sufficient to encourage any one to

* As it regards the $ X. of our General proffer his services in this great work.

Rescript, it is not our purpose to establish You, I doubt not, are actively employed

a new cultus publicus (religious service) in promoting every good work; for to do

in the churches to be performed by the this, it is not necessary that you should be

ministros ecclesiæ (pastors); but what is among the heathen.”-Ch. Watchman. and will be a good school establishment,

and a continuation of the instruction given From the Boston Recorder.

in school, since those who have been alrea

dy confirmed and admitted to the Lord's SUNDAY SCHOOLS IN GERMANY.

table, are to meet together every Sunday Some months ago we noticed a brief ac and holiday, after public worship, until count of Sunday Schools in Germany, their marriage, and that alternately, one given by Schwart, in his Geschichte de Er. day the unmarried young men, and anoziehung. The “ Messenger of the Ger ther the unmarried young women; and, in man Reformed Church” for January, con order that they may not readily forget tains a more full statement respecting again what they have learned in school, them, translated from a German educa and may not spend their leisure on Sun. tional Journal of 1823, of which Schwartz day and holidays in a disorderly and even was one of the Editors. The following is sinful manner, they shall sing a spiritual the substance of the article:--

hymn under the direction of the school

serves as

OBITUARY.

master or schoolmistress, read a lesson in limited by later regulations to those bethe bible, repeat a psalm, recite also every tween the ages of 14 and 18 years. It is, time a portion of the catechism, exhibit notwithstanding, the wish of many clergytheir writing, read one of their letters, and men and parents, that, at least in the counthen close with singing a hymn and prayer. try, it might last until the 20th year, since As the object of this institutum (regula- experience has proved that the continution) is solely for the glory of God and the ance of the special connection of the salvation and eternal welfare of souls, you, scholars with their spiritual instructors, the special superintendents, will be careful

effectual bar to many exnot only to present it forcibly to the con cesses, to which this age is peculiarly exsideration of the congregations of your dio- posed. cese; but also earnestly to exhort the ministers under your authority to undertake and carry on this salutary work in a becoming manner, for this purpose carefully seeing after it themselves, and also properly qualifying their teachers for it, stir

It has been with no ordinary ring them up, and encouraging them to feelings of sorrow and regret, that exhibit an indefatigable Christian zeal.' we have read in the Nashville He

The Synod of the year 1759, § 6, or rald of the 28th of January, the dained: "The Sunday schools everywhere shall be kept up also during the winter, subjoined melancholy article. In unless the extraordinary coldness of the the death of Dr. Jennings, the Presweather and the want of fuel render it im- byterian church, in a time of great possible; nothing, however, shall be taught exigency, has lost one of the ablest in them but what is contained in the pre- and firmest friends of her orthodox script; and moreover, the schoolmasters shall receive the salary which has been creed, and scriptural church orgraciously allowed them, according to the der. But the Lord reigns, and proportion of their labours.'

loves his church better than his It appears, consequently, that our native ministers love it; and can defend country has had its Sunday schools, for it without the instrumentality of elementary scholars in summer, for the last 127 years, those for the confirmed un any individual, however eminently married youth of both sexes for the last 83 endowed and disposed to appear years in summer only, and for the last 63 in her behalf. years both in summer and in winter; and ihat it has tested their excellence by a long THE REY. OBADIAH JENNINGS, D. D. experience, while in other countries their utility must be defended even at the pre A good man has “fallen in Issent day, in order to procure their intro- rael.” On Thursday the 12th induction. The new General School regu. stant, OBADIAH JENNINGS, D.D. paslations for 1810, likewise represent ($ 35.) their object as being partly to preserve, by

tor of the Presbyterian congregaconstant practice, the knowledge acquired tion in this town, departed this in the elementary schools, and partly to life, aged fifty-three years, after a promote the improvement of the adult long and severe illness which he youth; and they ordain-with respect to

sustained with all that fortitude ihe newly acquired territories—their introduction into every place without excep. and resignation to the Divine will, tion.

which mark the last days of the It has been repeatedly enjoined upon all Christian. Few men have passed the clergy, since the organization of these from this to “another and a better schools, that they should consider attention to them as an important part of their world, in whom were united more official duties; and that they should be per- of those qualities of mind and heart sonally present every time, or as often as which command respect and espossible, during the hours of instruction, teem, than the subject of this noto afford their advice and assistance. The

tice. children have of late been required, besides their other lessons, to repeat all the

Obadiah Jennings was the fourth tasks prescribed for the elementary schools, son of the Rev. Jacob Jennings, and also a part of the sermon which they a minister of the Presbyterian attend on Sunday.

The obligation of taking part in these Church, who united the characters exercises, which, according to the above of Clergyman and Physician. He General Rescript, lasted until marriage, was born near Baskenridge, in the and afterwards till the 25th year, has been state of New Jersey, on the 13th

December, 1778. Not long after acknowledged ability, notwithhis birth, his father removed from standing the feeble state of his New Jersey to Virginia, and re- health for some time previously to sided several years on the banks his dissolution. His conscientious of the Potomac, from thence he discharge of what he considered a removed to Fayette county, in the solemn duty, very probably hasstate of Pennsylvania.

tened his end. As a testimony of Dr. Jennings was educated at the high estimation in which he Jefferson college in Cannonsburgh, was held at a distance from the Pennsylvania. After the comple- scene of his active duties, we will tion of his collegiate course, he mention that, at the commencestudied law in Washington, Penn. ment of the College of New Jerand when he attained his majority sey, the degree of Doctor of Divihe was admitted to the bar. He nity was conferred upon him. successfully pursued the practice As a preacher of the Gospel, if of law for about fifteen years, and Dr. Jennings was not captivating attained an enviable reputation as in his manner, or what is called a lawyer. About the year 1815, eloquent in delivery, his sermons he abandoned the practice of law, were characterized by an eloand turned his attention to the quence of thought, a power of reastudy of divinity, which he pursued soning, and by solid sense, which with unwearied diligence, until he never failed to impress his hearers qualified himself by a thorough with a high opinion of the strength knowledge of the Scriptures, to of his intellect, his profound acbecome a teacher of the truths of quaintance with the sacred vothe gospel. In 1817, he was or- lume, and the peculiar doctrines dained pastor of the Presbyterian of that branch of the Christian church in Steubenville, in the state church to which he was attached. of Ohio. He continued to dis- If he was not remarkable for the charge the pastoral office over this energy of his elocution, it was 'evicongregation, acceptably to his dent he felt what he spoke, and hearers, until the year 1823, when that his advice to those under his he received a call from the Pres- peculiar charge, his exhortations byterian congregation of Wash to repentance and his solemn warnington, Penn. whither he removed ings to sinners to “flee from the with his family, and was regularly wrath to come,” were the outpourinducted as Pastor. Some time in ings of a soul devoted to the cause the autumn of 1827, on the retire- 'in which he was engaged. Strictly ment of the Rev. Allan D. Camp- orthodox in his faith and zealousbell from the pastoral charge of ly devoted to the duties of his high the Presbyterian congregation of calling, Dr. Jennings occupied a this town, Dr. Jennings was in- high rank among his clerical brevited to occupy his place. He ar thren. In the conventions of the rived here in November, 1827, and church his opinions were always having delivered several sermons listened to with attention, and his much to the gratification of those suggestions treated with that rewho heard him, he was unani- spect which superior minds almously chosen to fill the vacancy. ways command. In him the cause Having accepted the call, in April of Christianity has lost a zealous 1828, he removed hither with his and able advocate, and the memfamily, and was soon after solemn- bers of his church a pious, sincere, ly installed pastor of the congre- and attached friend. gation. This interesting and re If we follow him into private sponsible station he filled until his life, we find him exemplary in all last illness, with untiring zeal and its relations, whether in his own

1

me.

domestic circle, or in his inter now comforted, in a faith's view of him, course with general society. Slan

as freed from all suffering, and enjoying der never whispered aught against holiness. Could you see my composure,

what he so ardently longed for, perfect his good name. Scrupulously just you would be astonished; and I view it as in all his transactions with his fel an immediate answer to his prayers for low men, we may, properly say with Pope, that he was an honest

“ The people here are very kind, and

have paid every respect to his memory, man, the noblest work of God.”

that his family could wish. The congre. Sacred be his memory and hallow- gation all wear mourning, and his funeral ed be his rest!

was the largest ever seen in Nashville. He called for his family, to bid them farewell; and anticipating him, I said, my dear,

you can leave your fatherless children to Since sending the foregoing to

ihe Lord, and let your widow trust in him.

He replied with great emphasis, " that is press, we have seen a letter from

the legacy, that is the legacy." At anothe widowed Mrs. Jennings, to her ther time, just before his death, I asked aunt in Philadelphia, from which

him if he had no directions to leave me:

he said " none;" that he had a strong conwe have been permitted to make

fidence the Lord would direct me. To the following extracts:

his children he gave an appropriate adNashville, January 17th. dress, and left his blessing to the absent MY DEAR AUNT

He did not forget his dear flock, “ The melancholy task of informing but left a message for them, expressing a you of the departure of my dear husband hope that his death might be sanctified to and your beloved friend, devolves upon

them. I could relate many other things, me--yes; he left this vale of tears, and to

but let these suffice for the present. He him of suffering, last Thursday, at half

has

gone to glory, and I bow in sweet subpast ten o'clock, with a firm reliance on

mission to the Divine will. "The Lord the promises of a covenant keeping God. gave, and the Lord hath taken away, His death was tranquil, and he remained

blessed be the name of the Lord." He in perfect possession of his mind, until charged us all to meet him in heaven. the last moment. One of the last times The congregation, some time before his I gave him drink, he observed that he death, had met, and requested him to trashould soon drink of the fountain which vel twelve, or six months, for his health; issues from the throne of God and the and resolved that they would continue Lamb

his salary, and employ a supply for his “ The winter here was severe; he had pulpit. He was much pleased with the repeated attacks of his stomach com thoughts of going on to the General Asplaint, and could not get out as usual to sembly; and I was to have gone with him. renew his strength, but was reduced to a

But the Lord has ordered it otherwise, mere skeleton. In that situation the in and “good is the will of the Lord.” fuenza seized him, and terminated his sufferings-yes, my dear friends, I am

ones.

*

View of Pubšick Affairs.

EUROPE. The latest European dates that have reached us, are from Liverpool and Greenock of the 31st of December, and from London of the 30th. Intelligence from the continent, through the English papers, is two or three days less recent. No important political changes are announced, and yet the papers contain a good deal that is new, and some items of importance.

BRITAIN.—The British Parliament, after a short adjournment, convened on the 6th of December, and was opened by a speech delivered by the king in person. After a short introduction, apologizing, for not allowing the Parliament a longer recess from its arduous duties, the king immediately renews the subject of the Reform question; on which he says but little, but it is ad rem, and we quote it, as follows: “I feel it my duty in the first place to recommend to your most careful consideration the measures which will be proposed to you for a Reform in the Commons House of Parliament. A speedy

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