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than to it; that prefers extraneous to domestic duty; that takes her to the conversazione rather than to her chamber ; to her contidant rather than to God.
“On the contrary, what more beautiful picture is there than that of the religious and retiring woman, who is struggling, perhaps, with domestic trial, and standing, perhaps, alone in sentiment and in duty ? Her path is one of difficulty, but she neither makes her trials a theme of gossipping complaints, nor avails herself of the faults of others to excite pity for herself. And, if want of congeniality in those most near to her is her sore burden,-if even opposition is the appointed exercise of her faith, she neither seeks notoriety by the cry of persecution; nor looks to the applause of others as a compensation for her trials at home.” pp. 50 – 52.
In a chapter on “ defects,” we read :
“ Religious gossip is quite as bad as any other. It can be by no means edifying, to be perpetually discussing the spiritual state of others, and giving our opinion on their progress. We can scarcely indulge in any such comments without being, in some degree, censorious; and it would always do us much more good quietly to examine our own hearts, than to interfere with the conduct or consciences of those around us. Yet this is a propensity in which, it must be allowed, we are all occasionally apt to indulge." pp. 137, 138.
We add a passage in a different style, as illustrative of the literary portion of the volume : the whole of which is written with the same practical good sense and proper feeling :
“ We do indeed but little, if we do not induce our children to think, to compare, and to apply ;—to draw religious and moral inferences ;-and, in short, to extract from nature, from history, and from every thing they see, read, or experience, lessons which will guide their future conduct, and promote their everlasting welfare ; and this especially with regard to girls. For by such intellectual discipline, we shall best correct one great defect in female character; and shall make our daughters not only linguists, historians, naturalists, but thinkers ; capable of applying their minds to any subject, and of turning each to good account.” p. 179.
• It is indeed no wonder that young women should be so very clever now-a-days,there are so many helps to learning and steps to Parnassus. There are so many pioneers to pave the way, that it is a libel any longer to call it steep. If grammar be dry and abstruse, its necessity is superseded ;-if the dictionary be irksome, there is the interlined translation; if the classic author be obscure and ponderous, there are the lucid paraphrase and the elegant abridgment. Be the nut ever so hard, the kernel is extracted. Our very babies may suck the sweets of Froissart, Robertson, and Hume ; and follow with infantile curiosity the retreat of the Ten Thousand.
“ Youth is now such a very busy time. There are so many languages that must be learnt; so many accomplishments that must be mastered; so many sciences with which we must be familiar. A little while ago French was a rare acquirement; but wbat girl now does not sigh with Filicaja, or weep with Klopstock? The versatility of female talent is, indeed, abundantly improved. Master succeeds to master, and class to class. The day of the scholar, like that of the instructor, is parcelled out into hours; and the sixth portion of each, which is cribbed by the former to run to a new pupil, is not unfrequently all that is allowed to the latter to prepare for a new teacher.
“ It is well that mechanics can assist; that the inclination of the band may be given by the cheiroplast, and the intricacies of time detined by a pendulum, and the problems of perspective resolved by a lens. Could the modern school-room be preserved like the saloons of Pompeii, it might pass in succeeding centuries for a refined inquisition. There would be found stocks for the fingers, and pulleys for the neck, and weights and engines of suspicious form, and questionable purpose ; and, in spite of all our vaunts of philanthrophy, we might pass in future ages for the inventors of ingenious tortures.
« But for what end is all this apparatus? It is certainly very right that knowledge should be simplified ; that the child of the nineteenth century should prophet by its illumination ; and that little girls, instead of poring out their eyes at embroidered frames, should be treated as moral and intelligent beings. But where there is such over-feeding, is it possible that there can be digestion ? Where there is such an anxiety to impart brilliancy, is it not for display rather than for use ?" pp. 180_1&.
Serious are all the duties of women; and, between acknowledged duties, it is not well advised to attempt to define the relative importance. Yet without disparaging others, without lessening the obligations of a wife or a mother, eminently responsible are those which devolve upon the helpmeet of a clergyman, or what one of the ladies whose works we are noticing, calls “ female parochial duties.” A specimen of these must conclude our illustrations ;
“ The distinguishing characteristics of the female are tenderness and compassion. These qualities, when combined with active and persevering diligence, and stimulated by love to her Divine Saviour, will render the services of the clergyman's wife highly useful to her husband, especially if his charge lie in a country parish. Let it be her first object, on entering so important a situation, to take a calm survey of the station in which providence has placed her, and to inquire what are those peculiar departments of duty which now more immediately devolve upon her. In some of these she might co-operate with her husband, and labour in conjunction with bim. In others, she might take a subordinate part. In others she might form independent plans of operation, and exercise her mind in devising those schemes of usefulness for which her sex more peculiarly adapts her.
“ Under the first class might be included the visitation of the sick, more particularly among the women, at times, and under circumstances, when female attendance is especially needed. The supply of the temporal wants of the sick person naturally devolves upon her; and while administering to their relief, opportunities from time to time, occur for entering upon the most important of all subjects, and for conferring spiritual as well as temporal benefit. While seeking to mitigate temporal suffering, let it be her one object and delight to point the sufferers to Him who is the only Refuge—the only Friend and Comforter—the only Hope and Stay in the hour of trial. Their guilt and misery in the ignorance of a Saviour; their constant and entire need of Him; his free and gracious invitations and promises to them; his love in chastening them; the design and the blessed fruits of sanctified affliction: these are the suitable and interesting topics to bring before their minds, with much and earnest prayer for the Divine blessing.
“ Cottage readings present another opening of usefulness of the same class. The admission to these little assemblies (which from their simplicity and retirement, form an appropriate work and labour of love for the minister's wife) should be confined solely to females.
“ The Sunday-school, together with the weekly instruction of the children, where practicable, should likewise be divided between the clergyman and his partner, the latter superintending the female children, whilst the care of the boys devolves on her husband.
“ Under the second class might be mentioned the private instruction of the young women of the parish. Their various employments, whether in field-labour, manufactories, or at their own homes, together with various local disadvantages, are frequent obstacles to any systematic plan of instruction. As far, however, as may be found practicable, it is of the highest importance to labour in interesting their minds, awakening their consciences, and instructing their hearts. When this primary object is accomplished, confidential intercourse respecting their spiritual difficulties will naturally succeed, and those difficulties will probably be mentioned with far less reserve to the minister's wife, than to the minister himself. It is obvious that this course of private and familiar communication will materially subserve their more serious and intelligent reception of the truths delivered from the pulpit.
“ Under the last class will be embraced such independent plans of usefulness, as her zeal and ingenuity, her love to her God and Saviour, and her desire to promote the spiritual and temporal welfare of her husband's parish might suggest.” pp. 1–5.
The reader will have marked the scriptural train of feeling which pervades this extract, and the whole publication is in the same spirit. Arduous as she represents the duties of a clergyman's wife to be, they are rendered light and lovely by the constraining influence of the love of Christ, and the desire of bringing those around to the knowledge and enjoyment of his salvation. In no other spirit can either the private Christian or the Christian minister find delight in the service of God or in shewing the blessedness of that service to others.
LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE. It was creditable to the good sense of the unnecessarily galling to the losing side ; community, that the idea of a general more especially as the populace usually illumination on the passing of the Reform make an attack upon the property of those Bills, was abandoned, and that in some who will not illuminate, and much loss instances local charities have been sub- and mischief ensue. The Society of stituted in its place. We, however, men- Friends, and other persons who object, tion the circumstance only to express a upon principle, to this silly mode of rehope that this absurd custom will never joicing, are often sufferers, even when be revived: it leads to expense, waste, friendly to the popular side. This childish and riot : in matters of party warfare it is practice having been omitted on occasion
of the Reform Acts, there needs but a likely to become general. There are in little effort upon the thoughtful part of France 38,135 communes; of these 13,987 the community, to abolish it for ever. We were found three years ago entirely desrecommend a few members of the Society titute of schools ; in the remaining 24,148, of Friends, or others who concur in their there were 29,618 Catholic schools, 904 views, to see whether they could not in- Protestant, and 62 Jewish. The schools duce the tradesmen to the Royal Family, were attended in winter by 1,372,206 to begin the abolition; which, if they all pupils, and in summer by 681,005. The agreed to, no disrespect would be shewn whole number of boys in the communes, to their illustrious customers, and the from five to twelve years of age, is custom would cease.
2,401,178 Out of 282,985 young persons The notion of the Indian loxia light- between the age of twenty and twentying up its nest with a glow worm, has one, 13,159 can read ; 112,363 can read usually been considered a popular fa- and write; 149,824 (more than half) can ble ; but the conductors of the Library do neither; 7,639 uncertain. There are of Entertaining Knowledge state, that an fifteen model primary schools for training informant of their's, a gentleman long teachers. Fuller tables, including girls' resident in India, tried various experi. schools, are to be prepared triennially, ments on the subject, and always found and are to be presented to the Chambers. when he took away the glow-worm out a National character may be read in the nest, that it was replaced by the birds with very titles of books. A pious and zeal. another, which was not used for food, but ous pastor lately published in Paris “ The was stuck on the side of the nest with Cholera-morbus,—an Ode—with some reclay for a lamp.
flections as to the Propriety of Charity In the library of the late Dr. Williams, Balls for Cholera Hospitals.” The good at Redcross-street, there is a curious minister says, that it might seem strange manuscript, containing the whole Book to be tagging verses when the cholera of Psalms, and all the New Testament, was raging around; but his wish was to except the Revelations, in fifteen vo- remind his suffering countrymen of the lumes, folio. The whole is written in Gospel of salvation, and an ode seemed characters an inch long, with a white the most popular form for so doing. He composition on a black paper, manufac- very properly censures not only "cholera tured on purpose. This perfectly unique balls,” but charity balls of all kinds. copy was written in 1745, at the cost of The professorship of morality and saa Mr. Harris, a tradesman of London, cred eloquence, at Montaban, which has whose sight having decayed with age, so been so long vacant has not yet been as to prevent his reading the Scriptures
More than two years ago the though printed in the largest type, he in. matter was all but settled; but the miniscurred the expense of this transcription, ter who was likely to be appointed being that he might enjoy those sources of com- considered“ a Methodist” (for our French fort which are more to be desired than neighbours have adopted this appellation) gold-yea, than much fine gold."
two or three of the professors bare conThe monthly (Socinian) Repository, tinued, by various means, to keep the lately stated, on the authority of a foreign matter suspended to this hour. In the correspondent, that there is a project for mean time, notwithstanding all the efforts. the union of the Lutheran and Calvinistic of Montauban and Geneva, evangelical churches in France, the basis of which is truth is making rapid progress among the insinuated to be not those essential truths French Protestants, and especially among of the Gospel in which both Luther and the younger pastors. Calvin agreed, but a sceptical spirit with À Jew and two Jewesses were lately regard to them. The Protestants of Paris baptized in Paris upon a solemn confeshave contradicted the report, and maintain sion of their faith in Christ. May these that no such plan has ever been in agita- be the first fruits of an abundant harvest ! tion. If a union between the Calvinists M. Gæpp of the Lutheran church, wbo and Lutherans could be accomplished on pronounced the nuptial benediction at Scriptural grounds, we should hail it as a the marriage of the King of Belgium with step towards healing the wounds of our the eldest daughter of the King of the common Christianity; but if both are to French, presented his Majesty after the give way to Socinianism or Neology, the marriage with the Bible which had been infidel amalgamation were infinitely worse used upon the occasion, wbich King Leothan the honest schism.
pold accepted with great respect and The French minister of public instruc- cordiality. M. Gæpp, and two other tion and religion compiled last year a sta- Protestant ministers who accompanied tistical account of the primary schools in him, had an interview with the king, at France. From this important document, which they informed bim of the present we learn that till lately the system of na- state of Protestantism, and the progress tional instruction was confined to a very of Bible societies. small number of schools; but it is now
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. (Abstract of Report.)
ESSAYS, SUBJECTS, INTELLIGENCE, OCCURRENCES
ABURY, Antiquities of
499, 555, 627, 661
Origin of the Term ...593
Education of the
Communion Table not an Altar .. 27, 347
458 Conventicles, Dispersion of
.89 Danish Testament
Edinburgh Cabinet Library .........15
Education of Clergy (see Clergy)
in Ireland..63, 128, 196, 430
Use of Classics, in (see
751, 818 Classics)
753, 776,818 Pestilence) ......64, 124, 193, 295
Memoir of Bunyan ...... 597, 668, 805
of Dr. Lathrop
of Rev. Dr. Johnson 763, 829
Missionaries, Defence of
· 190 Moravian Mission to Ceylon relin-
260 Nations providentially dealt with 17, 21,
654, 785 Obituary (see Memoir)
of Rev. W. Tandey 550
of Baron Chabaud-Latour 817
..9 Oxford Poem “ De Conventiculis" 838
...191, 194, 370
,129 Parents, Tears of ........ 36, 581, 629
194, 370, 814 Parliament, Proceedings in 195, 366, 432,
Pledges .560, 665, 690
85 Periodical Press
10, 15, 126
Pestilence, Forms of Prayer against 16,
129 Plague (sce Pestilence)
Shaw's Welcome to the 331
De Foe's History of ...... 312
God's terrible voice, Vincent's 332
592 Pluralities and Plurality Bill .. 131, 132,
195, 308, 365, 431, 566, 698, 725
on the Festivals, by Bp. Mant 717,
319 Poor, On the state of the .. 127, 461, 624
35 Prayer of Mary Queen of Scots .... 381
on the language of
Forms of (see Forms)