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Form of Government.

Constitutional Monarchy; comprising a Sovereign, a House of Peers, and a House of Commons: the King, or Queen, holding the crown in virtue of a compact with the Parliament on behalf of the

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people; and the allegiance of the subject regulated and limited by this tenure.

Elective Franchise.

A moral standard of the Suffrage determines the constituency, which is to embrace every adult male, known to be of honorable conduct for five years; the character required, however, is of a negative description, it does not specify what a man must be, so much as what he must not be, in order to possess a vote. We suggest the following rule to illustrate the position:-Let the

individual not convicted under the criminal code to the extent of felony during the time specified, nor proved an habitual drunkard, nor guilty of continually ill-treating his wife or children, nor refusing to labour at an honest avocation for the support of himself and family, nor of disturbing by boisterous conduct the peace of his neighbours, be considered eligible to vote for a representative to the House of Commons.

To enforce this law the kingdom is parted into an Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern Division; each of these again into as many districts as may be thought advisable; and over the last, severally, an Electoral Censor to be appointed, whose office is to register all the male population from the age of sixteen; to enter the qualified in the electoral roll, of which he is the guardian; and to strike out or omit the names of those who are not entitled according to the provisions of the statute.

The constituency of the District chooses two persons for the censorial functions, and the Crown selects one of the individuals elected, who then becomes the censor: his office is for Ten

years; itis judicial, but defined, and restricted by express enactments on the subject; and an appeal lies to the Parliament, to which he is bound to make a yearly return: a moderate income to be given him by the State; and his removal can only be by Act of Parliament, founded on gross delinquency.

When a person has qualified for one District, he is ever alterwards entitled to vote for it; unless he live the requisite time in another when his former right ceases : and if he commit offences against the law of Election, at a distance from the part where he is registered, the Censor of the place in which the offence occurs, is empowered to receive and transmit evidence to the District, where he is enrolled; upon the receipt of which name shall be erased, subject however to an appeal.

Constitution of the House of Commons.

This assembly is composed of a certain number of persons returned to Parliament, by the electoral districts, each constituency sending one.

The amount of the House to be permanently fixed, say in a small community at five hundred,

in a larger at one thousand members; this will decide the number of districts to be formed in the four divisions of the kingdom; and the alterations which time may render necessary, are not to take place in the extent of the House but of the districts.

The Candidate for a seat in the Commons must be on the Censor's roll, entitled to the franchise he is not allowed personally or by his friends to canvass the electors; but is to announce his intention through the medium of the Press, and to state his political sentiments in the same way, or by oral lectures and addresses; provided always they are delivered in some room or building, and not in the open air.

No pecuniary qualifications for a seat are to be recognized.

Every species of bribery direct, or indirect, invalidates an election.

The election is not to be by ballot, but by open vote to occupy one day-and the poll to be taken in places named by the returning officer.

The candidates are not permitted to pledge themselves to support certain measures or to resign; nor to engage to give up their seats before the Parliament is dissolved; such mere delega

gation being unworthy the senatorial character, and subversive of all law.

The judge of the district is the returning officer, but the Censor scrutinizes the poll at its close.

The representatives are elected for five years; when this term expires, they cease to be a Parliament, and writs are to be issued for a new election-on no other ground than the lapse of the period for which they were chosen, is a dissolution to take place.

If a member is returned contrary to the provisions of the law, upon proof at the bar of the house, the election may be set aside by a vote of the Commons, and a new return is ordered by the crown-and whenever his name is struck off the censor's roll as eligible to vote, he cannot be a member.

All bills of whatever description commence with the Commons, and after the third reading, are submitted to the Peers.

The ordinary legislation of the house aims at the due observance and guardianship of the constitution, by enactments that circumstances may require; and no organic change is to be agitated


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