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And they sung a new song,say, through the redemption that is in ing, thou art worthy to take the Christ Jesus, whom God hath set book and to open the seals there- forth to be a propitiation through of: for thou wast slain, and hast faith in his blood, to declare his redeemed us to God by thy blood righteousness for the remission out of every kindred, and tongue, of sins that are past, through the and people and nation. Rev.v.9. forbearance of God. To declare, REMARKS.

I say, at this time his righteous. In these passages our Savior is ness, that he might be just and considered as the antetype of the yet the justifier of him which belambs appointed to be slain for lieveth in Jesus. Rom. iii. 23sin offerings, or as the antetype 26. of the paschal lamb, and per• haps of both.

On the last of these verses Dr. As the killing of the paschal Macknight has the following oblamb and sprinkling the blood

servations. "Now as in this and the lintel and two side posts of the preceding verse the apostle the door, was the appointed mè- assures us that Christ's death is dium of divine .nercy for preserv. a proof of God's righteousness,

a ing the Israelites while the first. both when he passed by the sins born of Egypt were all slain; so

of mankind before Christ came, the death, the suffering, and the and when in the present time be blood of Jesus, are the appointed passes them by, we are led to medium of redemption and salva. conclude that Christ's death hath tion to all who obey the spel. rendered those exercises of God's As God proclaimed redemption mercy consistent with his charto the Israelites from the im- acteras the righteous moral Gov. pending calamity, through

the ernor of the universe. But in blood of the paschal lami, so he what manner this joyful event proclaims pardon and salvation hath been accomplished by to sinners through the blood of Christ's death, is no where in his Son: and he craised him from scripture, so far as I know, dethe dead, and gave him glory, clared unto us." that our faith and hope might be On the same subject Bishop in God."

Butler observes, “How and in

what particular way it had this For I delivered unto you first ellicacy, there are not wanting of all that which I also received, persons who have endeavored to how that Christ died for our sins explain; but I do pot find that according to the scriptures. I the scripture has explained it." Cor. xv. 3.

In reply to those who object to In whom we have redemption the doctrine of a propitiatory sacthrough his blood, the forgiveness rifice, because they cannot underof sins, according to the riches stand how it has its efficacy, the of his grace. Eph. i. 7. sanie profound reasoner observes:

For all have siuned and come “Though it is highly right, and short of the glory of God; being the most pious exercise of our un. justified freely by his grace, derstanding, to inquire with due

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reference into the ends and rea- die. But God commendeth his sons of God's dispensations-yetlove toward us, in that while we when those reasons are concealed, were yet sinners, Christ died for to argue from our ignorance that Much more then, being uow such dispensations cannot be from justified by his blood, we shall God, is infinitely absurd. The be saved from wrath through presumption of this kind of ob. him. For if when we were ene. jections seems to be almost lost mies we were reconciled to God in the folly of them. And the by the death of his Son, much folly of them is yet greater when more, being reconciled, we shall they are urged, as usually they be saved by his life And not are, against things in christiani- only so, but we also joy in God ty analogous or like to those nut- through our Lord Jesus Christ, ural dispensations which are mat. by whom also, we have received

ers of experience. Let reason the atonement--that is, the reconbe kept to; and if any part of the ciliation. Rom. v. 6—11. scripture account of the redemp- In this was manifested the tion of the world by Christ, can love of God towards us, because be shown to be really contrary to God sent his only begotten Son it, let the scripture, in the name into the world, that we might live of God, be given up; but let not through him. Herein is love, not such poor worms as we, go on

that we loved God, but that he objecting against an infinite loved us and sent his son to be scheme, that we do not see the the propitiation for our sins. necessity and usefulness of all 1 John iv. 9, 10. its parts, and call this reason- If any man sin we have an ading.”

vocate with the Father, Jesus These remarks we regard as Christ the righteous: and he is pertinent and foreible. As it is the propitiation for our sins; and folly in map to pretend to ex- not for ours only, but also for the plain what the wisdom of God sins of the whole world. Johu ii. has eoncealed; so it is presump. 1, 2. tion to object to the wisdom of And all things are of God, who his appointments, on the ground, hath reconciled us to himself by that we do not perceive why they Jesus Christ.-God was in Christ were necessary, or how they can reconciling the world unto him. be useful.

self, not imputing their trespass

es unto them. 2 Cor. v. 18, 19. Therefore being justified by What shall we then say to faith, we have peace with God, these things? If God be for us through our Lord Jesus Christ. who can be against us? He that Roin. V. 1.

spared not his own Son, but dle. For when we were yet without livered him up for us all, how strength in due time, Christ did shall he not with him also freely for the ungodly. For scarcely give us all things? Rom. vii. 31, for a righteous man will one die, 32. yet peradventure, for a good man soine would even dare to This class of texts contains



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some very important ideas. have been admitted by Christians

1. That all that has been done whu had the gospel in their and suffered for us by Jesus hands. If any truth is clear Christ, originated in the love of from the scriptures, it is this, God to sinful men. Even the pro- that God displayed his love topitiation made for our sins pro- wards us in sending his Son to ceeded from the love of God. die for our salvation. Could Hence.

that God, who is love, and who 2. That it was not the design felt such love for us that he of the sacrifice to effeeţ any could sacrifice his beloved Son ehange in the feelings of God, for our benefit, need the death of and to reconcile him to us; but this very Son to abate his anger to effect a reformation in sinners, and to render him propitious? and to reconcile them to God, This is impogsible. that divine merey might be prop- In respect to his feeling digerly displayed in their forgive. pleasure towards his Son while pess and salvation.

he hung upon the cross for our 3. That so great has been the benefit, and regarding him as a display of God's love towards us singer, because he suffered for in not sparing his owo Son, but sinners; it is so far from being delivering him up for us all, as true in the view of Christ, that to afford jast ground to infer, that he could say, “therefore doib my with him God is willing freely Father Love Me, because I lay to bestow every thing necessary down my life that I may take it to our happiness.

However needful it might be The typical sacrifices for sin, that Christ should die for our of. were at ihe same time expresfences to prepare the way for the sions of God's mercy, and means proper manifestation of pardon- of reconciling sinners to him. ing mercy, or that God might be, They were adapted to keep alive and appear to be, just in forgive in the minds of the Israelites ing the sinner; it was not at all their desert of punishment, and necessary that he should lie to

to give them adoring views of render God more placable, or that goodness which could parbenevolent in his feelings towards don the penitent, and avert the

Therefore all the represen. penal consequences of sin. So tations which have been made, God's method of reconciling us purporting that Christ undertook to himself by the death of his The mediatorial work, to pacify Son, should excite at once a sense the anger of God and to reconcile of our desert of punishment, conhiin to sinful men, and that he trition for our offences, and was angry with bis Son while he adoring viws of the benevolence hung on the cross for men, and aud tender mercy of our heaverregarded him as the greatest of ly Father. siuners, are not only groundless, but dishonorable to our heavenly And thou shalt call his name Father. Indeed it seems aston- Jesus; for he shall save his peoishing that such ideas should ever ple from their sins. Math. i. 21:


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Thus it behoved Christ to who did no sin, neither was Buffer and to rise from the dead guile found in his mouth; who, the third day, and that repen. when he was reviled, reviled not tance and remission of sins should again; when he suffered be threa. be preached in his name amoug tened not, but committed bimall nations, beginning at Jerusa. self to him who judgeth right. lem. Luke xxiv. 46, 47.

eously: who his own self bare Unto you first, God having our sins in his own body on the raised up his Son Jesus, sent him tree, that we, being dead to sins, to bless you, in turning away should live unto righteousness; every one of you from his ini- by whose stripes ye were healed. quities. Aets iii. 26.

1 Pet. ii 21-24. The God of our fathers hath

REMARKS. raised up Jesus, whom ye slew The texts now in view clear. and hanged on a tree. Him ly express ideas relating to the hath God exalted with his right desigo of our Savior's death, hand, to be a Prince and a Sav- which are easily understood. ior, to give repentance to Is. It appears that he had the same rael and forgiveness of sins. object in view in dying for us, Acts v. 31, 32.

that he pursued throughout his For the love of Christ con- ministry-namely, to save straineth us, because we thus from their sins; to bring them to judge, that if one died for all, then unfeigned repentance; to dispose were all dead; and that he died them to deny themselves and for all, that they who live, should live to him and to God; and to not henceforth live unto them. exhibit an example under the selves, but unto him that died greatest sufferings for all his for them, and rose again. 2 Cor. professed followers to imitate. v. 14. 15.

It is perfectly clear that what For the grace of God that he has done and suffered, is not bringeth salvation, hath appeared a substitute for that selfdenyto all men, teaching us, that de- ing temper and bumble obedi. aying ungodliness and worldly ence which the gospel itself enlasts, we should live soberly, joins. His sufferings for us are righteously, and godly in this so far from abating our obliga. present world; looking for that tions to devote ourselves unre. blessed hope and the glorious ap- servedly to God, that they enpearing of the great God, and crease our obligations, and renour Savior Jesus Christ, who gave der us the more criminal and the himseif for us that he might re- more inexcusable if we live in deem us from all joiquity, and a course of sin. When there. purify unto himself a peculiar fore professed Christians repeople, zealous of good works. gard the sufferings and the blood Titus ii. 11-14.

of Christ as a substitute for gosFor even hereunto are ye call. pel obedienee,and take encourageed, because Christ also suffered ment from what he has done, to for us, leaving us an example indulge themselves in neglect of that ye should follow his steps; God and duty, in the hope of No. 1, Vol. IV.


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pardon for Christ's sake; they tion of which should lead them counteract the very design of to repentance; and they set at his death, the design of the gos- nought the very blood by which pel. They also practically des- they hope to be saved, or pervert pise the goodness of God in the it to the worst of purposes. gift of his Son, the considera


[The letter from which the following extracts were taken, was written by Mr.

Penn at the time he was about to embark from England for Pennsylvania. The observations between the extracts were made in the Edinburgh Review of Clarkson's Life of William Penn.]

My dear wife and children, “My love, which neither sea, more in this world, take my nor land, nor death itself, can counsel into thy bosom, and let extinguish or lessen toward you, it dwell with thee in my stead most endearedly visits you with while thou livest." eternal embraces, and will abide Then, after some counsel with you forever: aud may the about godliness and economy he God of my life watch over you, proceeds:and bless you, and do you good “And now, my dearest, let me in this world and forever!-Some recommend to thy care my dear things are upon my spirit to children; abundantly beloved of leave with you in your respective me, as the Lord's blessings, and capacities, as I am to one a hus. the sweet pledges of our mutual band, and to the rest a father, and endeared affection. Above if I should never see you more all things endeavor to breed them in this world.

up in the love of virtue, and that “My dear wife! remember thou holy, plain way of it, which we wast the love of my youth, and have lived in, that the world in much the joy of niy life; the no part of it get into iny family. most beloved, as well as most I had rather they were homely worthy of all my earthly com• than finely bred' as to outward forts: and the reason of that love behavior; yet I love sweetness was more thy inward than thy mixed with gravity, and cheeroutward excellencies, which yet fulness tempered with subriety, were many. God knows, and Religion in the heart leads into thou knowest it, I

it this true civility, teaching men a match of Providence's making; and women to be mild and courand God's image in us both was leous in their behavior; an acthe first thing, and the most ami- complishment worthy indeed of able and engaging ornament in praise. our eyes. Now I am to leave “Next breed them up in a thee, and that without knowing love one of another: tell them it whether I shall ever see thee is the charge I left behind me;

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