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using of him, at the length he began to mislike popery, and to favour the gospel, and so persuaded in true religion, that on a Sunday, when they had mass in the chapel, he bringeth up a service book, a manchet, and a glass of wine, and there Doctor Sandys ministered the communion to Bradford and to Bowler. Thus Bowler was their son begotten in bonds. When Wyat was in arms, and the old duke of Norfolk sent forth with a power of men to apprehend him; that room might be made in the Tower for him and other his complices, Doctor Cranmer, Doctor Ridley, and Master Bradford were cast into one prison, and Doctor Sandys with nine other preachers were sent into the Marshalsea.

"The keeper of the Marshalsea appointed to every preacher a man to lead him in the street: he caused them to go far before, and he and Doctor Sandys came behind, whom he would not lead, but walked familiarly with him. Yet Doctor Sandys was known; and the people everywhere prayed to God to comfort him and to strengthen him in the truth. By that time the people's minds were altered: popery began to be unsavoury. After they passed the bridge, the keeper, Thomas Way, said to Doctor Sandys, I perceive the vain people would set you forward to the fire. Ye are as vain as they, if you being a young man will stand in your own conceit, and prefer your own knowledge before the judgment of so many worthy prelates, ancient, learned, and grave men, as be in this realm. If you so do, you shall find me as strait a keeper, as one that utterly misliketh your religion. Doctor Sandys answered, I know my years young and my learning small : it is enough to know Christ crucified; and he hath learned nothing, that seeth not the great blasphemy that is in popery. I will yield unto God and not unto man: I have read in the scriptures of many godly and courteous keepers: God may make you one. If not, I trust he will give me


strength and patience to bear your hard dealing with me. Saith Thomas Way, Do ye then mind to stand to your religion? Yea, saith Doctor Sandys, by God's grace. Truly, saith the keeper, I love you the better: I did but tempt What favour I can shew you ye shall be sure of, and I shall think myself happy if I may die at the stake with you. The said keeper shewed Doctor Sandys ever after all friendship: he trusted him to go into the fields alone, and there met with Master Bradford, who then was removed into the Bench and there found the like favour of his keeper. He laid him in the best chamber in the house he would not suffer the knight marshal's man to lay fetters on him, as others had. And at his request he put Master Sanders in to him, to be his bedfellow; and sundry times suffered his wife, who was Master Sandys' daughter of Essex, a gentlewoman beautiful both in body and soul, to resort to him. There was great resort to Doctor Sandys and Master Sanders: they had much money offered them, but they would receive none. They had the communion there three or four times, and a great sort of communicants. Doctor Sandys gave such exhortation. to the people (for at that time being young he was thought very eloquent) that he moved many tears, and made the people abhor the mass, and defy all popery.

"When Wyat with his army came into Southwark, he sent two gentlemen into the Marshalsea to Doctor Sandys, saying, that Master Wyat would be glad of his company and advice, and that the gates should be set open for all the prisoners. He answered, Tell Master Wyat, if this his rising be of God, it will take place; if not, it will fall. For my part I was committed hither by order: I will be discharged by like order, or I will never depart hence. So answered Master Sanders, and the rest of the preachers being there prisoners.

"After that Doctor Sandys had been nine weeks prisoner

in the Marshalsea, by the mediation of Sir Thomas Holcroft, then knight marshal, he was set at liberty. Sir Thomas sued earnestly to the bishop of Winchester, Doctor Gardiner, for his deliverance: after many repulses, (except Doctor Sandys would be one of their sect, and then he could want nothing,) he wrung out of him that, if the queen could like of his deliverance, he would not be against it: for that was Sir Thomas' last request. In the mean time he had procured two ladies of the privy chamber to move the queen in it; who was contented if the bishop of Winchester could like of it. The next time that the bishop went into the privy chamber to speak with the queen, Master Holcroft followed, and had his warrant for Doctor Sandys' remission ready; and prayed the two ladies, when as the bishop should take his leave, to put the queen in mind of Doctor Sandys. So they did; and the queen said, Winchester, what think you by Doctor Sandys, is he not sufficiently punished? As it please your majesty, saith Winchester. That he spake, remembering his former promise to Master Holcroft, that he would not be against Doctor Sandys, if the queen should like to discharge him. Saith the queen, Then truly, we would that he were set at liberty. Immediately Master Holcroft offered the queen the warrant who subscribed the same, and called Winchester to put to his hand; and so he did. The warrant was given to the knight marshal again, Sir Thomas Holcroft. As the bishop went forth of the privy chamber door, he called Master Holcroft to him, commanding him not to set Doctor Sandys at liberty, until he had taken sureties of two gentlemen of his country with him, every one bound in five hundred pounds, that Doctor Sandys should not depart out of the realm without licence. Master Holcroft immediately after met with two gentlemen of the north, friends and cousins to Doctor Sandys, who offered to be bound in body, goods, and lands for him. After

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dinner the same day, Master Holcroft sent for Doctor Sandys to his lodging at Westminster, requiring the keeper to company with him. He came accordingly, finding Master Holcroft alone, walking in his garden. Master Holcroft imparted his long suit, with the whole proceeding, and what effect it had taken, to Doctor Sandys; much rejoicing that it was his good hap to do him good, and to procure his liberty, and that nothing remained, but that he would enter into bonds with his two sureties for not departing out of the realm. Doctor Sandys answered, I give God thanks, who hath moved your heart to mind me so well, and I think myself most bound unto you. God shall requite, and I shall never be found unthankful. But as you have dealt friendly with me, I will also deal plainly with you. I came a free man into prison, I will not go forth a bondman. As I cannot benefit my friends, so will I not hurt them. And if I be set at liberty, I will not tarry six days in this realm if I may get out. If therefore I may not go free forth, send me to the Marshalsea again, and there ye shall be sure of me.

"This answer much misliked Master Holcroft: he told Doctor Sandys that the time would not long continue, a change would shortly come; the state was but a cloud, and would soon shake away: and that his cousin Sir Edward Bray would gladly receive him and his wife into house, where he should never need to come at church; and how the Lady Bray was a zealous gentlewoman, who hated popery adding, that he would not so deal with. him, to lose all his labour. When Doctor Sandys could not be removed from his former saying, Master Holcroft said, Seeing you cannot be altered, I will change my purpose and yield unto you. Come of it what will, I will set you at liberty; and seeing you mind to go over sea, get you gone so quick like as you can. One thing I re

quire of you, that while you are there, you write nothing

to come hither; for so ye may undo me. He friendly kissed Doctor Sandys, bad him farewell, and commanded the keeper to take no fees of him, saying, Let me answer Winchester as I may. Doctor Sandys returning with the keeper to the Marshalsea tarried all night; there on the morrow gave a dinner to all the prisoners, bad his bedfellow and sworn stake-fellow, if it had so pleased God, Master Sanders, farewell, with many tears and kissings, the one falling on the other's neck; and so departed, clearly delivered without examination or bond. From thence he went to the Bench, and there talked with Master Bradford, and Master Farrar, bishop of Saint David's, then prisoners. Then he comforted them; and they praised God for his happy deliverance. He went by Winchester's house, and there took boat, and came to a friend's house in London called William Banks, and tarried there one night. On the morrow at night he shifted to another friend's house, and there he learned that search was made for him.

"Doctor Watson and Master Christopherson, coming to the bishop of Winchester, told him that he had set at liberty the greatest heretic in England, and one that had of all other most corrupted the University of Cambridge, Doctor Sandys. Whereupon the bishop of Winchester, being chancellor of England, sent for all the constables of London, commanding them to watch for Doctor Sandys, who was then within the city, and to apprehend him; and whosoever of them should take him and bring him to him, he should have five pounds for his labour. Doctor Sandys, suspecting the matter, conveyed him by night to one Master Bartic's house, a stranger, who was in the Marshalsea with him prisoner awhile: he was a good protestant and dwelt in Mark-lane. There he was six days, and had one or two of his friends that repaired unto him. Then he repaired to an acquaintance of his, one Hurle

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