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Jefferson's interest in the exploration. Ledyard's expedition.
Jefferson's message to Congress. Ignorance of the country
acquired. Expedition of Lewis and Clark. Their qualifica-
tions. Their instructions. The journey up the Missouri.
Their treatment of the Indians. Winter with the Mandans.
Journey through North Dakota and Montana. At the
source of the Missouri. Crossing the Rocky Mountains.
The descent to the Pacific and return. Pike's attempt to
discover the source of the Mississippi. His exploration of
the Southwest. Discovery of Pike's Peak.
Pike's arrest

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Elements in population. The French emigrants from the
North and South. The different settlements. The popula-
tion of Ohio. That of Indiana. Of Illinois. Religious
characteristics. Congregationalism and Presbyterianism. Re-
port of Mills and Schermerhorn. Methodism. The circuit
rider. Camp meetings. The founder of Methodism. Spread
of Methodism. The Baptist Church. The Episcopalians.
The Roman Catholic Church. Education in the Northwest.
Obstacles to extension of education and religious teaching.
Provision for education in Ohio. In Indiana. In Illinois.
In Michigan. The university. Local government in the

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Land grants for
Drawbacks to
Elements of popu-

the suffrage. Restriction as to banks.
The proposed suffrage articles. A constitution adopted.
Wisconsin admitted. The early immigration. The later.
Their influence on the slavery question.

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Early settlement of Iowa. Without a government. Attached
to Territory of Michigan. To that of Wisconsin. Organi-
zation as a Territory. Opening the land to settlement. In-
dian reservation. The Black Hawk War. Treaties with
the Indians. Growth of population. Boundary dispute
with Missouri. Demand for statehood. The constitution.
Boundaries. Debate in Congress. Adoption of the con-
stitution. Early Minnesota. Its condition after Wisconsin
became a State. The Stillwater Convention. Preamble and
Resolutions. Territorial organization. Extinguishment of
Indian titles. Demand for statehood. The Enabling Act.

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Importance of the Territorial question. Early consideration
of it. Problems presented. Ordinance of 1787. Govern-
ment of Louisiana. Congress and the Territories. Supreme
Court decisions. Present day Territorial government. Gov-
ernment of unorganized Territories. The Insular Possessions.
Progress toward self-government. Principle underlying the
relation of the United States to its Territories. The govern-

ment of the civilized Indians. The future of the Territories.



The normal method of admission.
earlier States. The case of Ohio.
Ohio. The admission of Louisiana.
to Maine.

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. . 365-377

The admission of the

The Enabling Act of
Peculiar conditions as
Missouri and the compromise. The claim of
Its admission. Michigan's contention and ad-
The case of Florida. Annexation and admission


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Importance of the transportation problem. Travel by land.
Early roads. River travel. Influence
Ohio Rivers. Means of transportation.
The beginning of steamboat travel. Influence of canals in
western development. Erie Canal. The canals in Ohio,
Indiana, and Illinois. Travel in the early days. Defects
in water transportation. Railroad building. National aid.
Resources of the West. Its lands, forests, and mines.
Growth of manufacturing. Industrial cities. Reasons for
their growth. Industries peculiar to the West.


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