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CONJUGATION OF THE
AUXILIARY VERB, AVOIR, TO HAVE.

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PAST.

PRESENT. Having, Ayant.

| Had, eu. INDICATIVE MOOD.

PRESENT,

SINGULAR.
I have, j'ai.
Thou hast, tu as.
He or she has, il ou elle a.
One, any body, &c. has, on a.

PLURAL.
We have, nous avons.
You or ye have, vous avez.
They have, ils ou elles ont.
We, people, they, &c. have, on a.

PRESENT ANTERIOR, OR IMPERFECT. I had, j'arais.

We had, nous avions. Thou hadst, tu avais.

You or ye had, vous aviez. He or one had, il ou on avait. They hal, ils ou elles avaient.

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PRESENT ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR PRETERITE. I had, j'eus.

We had, nous eúmes. Thou hadst, tu eus.

You or ye bad, vous eútes. He or one had, il ou on eut. They had, ils ou elles eurent.

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We had

2 You had had. They had

PLURAL.

Nous avions
Vous aviez
Ils ou elles avaient

cu.

PAST ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR COMPOUND OF

THE PRETERITE.

SINGULAR.

I had
Thou hadst
He or one had

J'eus
Tu eus

had.

eu.

Il ou on cut

We had You had They had

PLURAL.

Nous cúmes
Vous cútes
Ils ou elles eurent

had.

eu.

PAST POSTERIOR, OR COMPOUND OF THE FUTURE.

I shall (or will)
Thou shalt
He or one shall

SINGULAR.

J'aurai
have had.

Tu auras
Il ou on oura

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The verbs venir, deroir, aller, have other tenses, used as auxiliaries, which, thongh useful to be learned, can at first be dispenseúl with. They will be found in pages 157 and following, where they are placed to avoid increasing, at present, tieru:) ber of tenses.

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