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fate, almost without comment. It was then agreed that the clause as amended should stand part of the bill.

“On the question that schedule B should be proceeded with, the Earl of Haddington, the Earl of Malesbury, and Lord Wharncliffe, though they said they knew that their opposition would be fruitless, described this

schedule as the most obnoxious part of the bill, and pleaded hard for its erasure. Lord Ellenborough said that they had already disfranchised as many members as they had enfranchised, namely, 130. To that extent he had been prepared to go, but no further; and he would, therefore, object to the disfranchisement of another borough. The Lord Chancellor said, that though enfranchisement and disfranchisement were principles of the bill, it by no means followed that they should be exactly tantamount to each other. The one was applied to large and populous places, without reference to their number; and the other to all nomination, small, insignificant, and decayed places, also without reference to their number. Their Lordships then proceeded with the schedule, which was adopted without alterations, and or. dered to stand part of the bill. The preamble and title of the bill were then agreed to: their Lordships resumed, and the report was brought up, and ordered to be taken into further consideration on Friday, (this day.) Their Lordships then adjourned to Friday, It is expected that the report will be agreed to this day, and the third reading of the bill be moved on Monday."

Three ships of the line have been sent to reinforce the British squadron before Lis. bon, and Lord William Russell, with

a commission as Brigadier General, and accompa. nied by two distinguished military officers, lias gone with the fleet. The design of this expedition was not publickly known, but was believed to be a guarantee against foreign interference in favour of Don Miguel. A London print contains the following article: Death of Sir James Mackintosh.-We are grieved to learn that the eminent philoso: pher, statesman, and patriot, Sir James Mackintosh, died at his house, in Langham Place, London, on Wednesday morning last. Sir James had long been troubled with a liver complaint, acquired by his residence of ten years in India. He was in the 66th year of his age.” Sir James Mackintosh was the particular friend, and we believe the fellow student in college, of the distinguished Robert Hall. He was a prime ornament of literature in Britain, and the able advocate of every interest in which humanity or religion was involved. Britain could not lose so many great men, if she had not very many great men to lose. The Cholera seems to have nearly vanished from Britain, and has greatly decreased in Ireland. Total cases in Ireland, (including Dublin and Cork,) from the commencement, 6214-deaths, 1863.

FRANCE.—The French chambers do not meet till the 1st of August, and in their recess no events of national importance are likely to transpire. It is stated in a London paper that the French government has made a formal declaration, that should any interference in Portuguese affairs be attempted by Spain, France would consider it an act of hostility against herself. A Paris article of May 10th says, “ M. Casimir Perier's mortal career has closed. He died this morning a little before eight o'clock. During the previous forty-eight hours he had been sinking so fast that his physicians saw that no human skill could keep him long alive. His mental faculties returned at the commencement of this crisis, and only left him with the extinction of life.” No successor of M. Perier had been appointed. In another part of our present number, we have given a lengthened account of the death of Baron Cuvier, the greatest naturalist of his day. He was a protestant by profession, but we fear had no practical regard to religion. Of his eminently pious daughter we have heretofore given some account. The Cholera still exists in France, but is apparently leaving it, and the last accounts say that it is travelling southward and extending to Italy.

Spain and PortugaL afford us nothing new, beyond what has already been intimated, except perhaps, that Don Pedro's fleet has raised the blockade of the Island of Madeira.

Since our last publication we have seen nothing to chronicle among the other powers of Europe, till we come to

GREECE.—When the calamities of this interesting, but at present unhappy country, are likely to terminate, we are unable to conjecture. The last accounts, which come by the way of France, are as follows:-" The Greek Constitutionalists, after several combats with the troops of Colocotroni, had obliged Capo d'Istrias and his partisans to save themselves on board the Russian vessel Azoff.

“ In this state the three Admirals commanding in the station, French, English, and Russian, not wishing to favour openly either of the two parties without ulterior instructions from their respective governments, agreed with one accord to take possession of the fortresses, as well as the citadel

of Napoli, which had been rendered impregnable by art and nature. The Iphigenie frigate accordingly landed a chosen portion of its crew for that purpose.

“Colocotroni, who had taken the field to support the re-establishment of Capo d'Istrias on the throne of Greece, seized upon Argos, upon the plains before which he has drawn up a force of from 3000 to 4000 men, and thus cut off all communication by land with Napoli.”

TURKEY.—A'serious, and apparently an envenomed warfare, has commenced between the Sultan Mahmoud and Mehemet Ali, the Pacha of Egypt. A concealed enmity has long existed between these potentates, and it was but partially allayed by the services rendered by Ali to his ostensible master, the Sultan, in the war against Greece. It is a righteous dispensation of the Providence of God, that these cruel foes of Greece should be left to revenge their cruelties, as they are likely to do, on each other. The Sultan has raised to the first dignity of his empire Hussein Pacha, who distinguished himself by his bravery, fidelity, and military sagacity, in the war with Russia. He has clothed him with all but unlimited power, and placed him in the chief command of the military force destined to subdue the rebellious Pacha of Egypt. It is stated that a Russian squadron from the Black Sea is to assist the Turk. Russia will probably turn the whole quarrel, in the issue, to her own advantage. In the mean time it promises to be a fierce and bloody one, and Palestine is likely to be the first field of blood. There the Sultan's troops have recently been overpowered by those of the Pacha.

ASIA. The last accounts from India state that a serious insurrection had broken out in the district of Chota Nagpore. Many villages had been burnt by the insurgents, and other atrocities had been committed. The British military force in the district was too small to enable the commander, Captain Wilkinson, to do more than act on the defensive, till he should be reinforced. Troops were marching towards the rebellious district from several quarters, and it was expected that the insurrection would be speedily suppressed.

AFRICA. It has already been intimated that the troops of the Pacha of Egypt have been successful in contending with those of the Sultan in Palestine. Ibrahim Pacha, the son of Mahomet Ali, commands the army of his father, as he did in Greece. Both father and son have talents of no ordinary character, and the contiguity of Palestine to Egypt, affords them an advantage for military operations there, of which the Sultan is deprived. The Pacha has at his command a pretty powerful fleet, as well as a large and well appointed army, of which a part must consist of veteran troops. Ibrahim, by the last accounts, was endeavouring to reduce Acre, the far-famed fortress, on a bay of the Mediterranean, which Sir Sydney Smith successfully defended against the whole force of Buonaparte, in his Egyptian campaign, in 1799. If Ibrahim is successful against this fortress, it will be an advantage of great importance. The lwo Pachas know that they are fighting for life, as well as for dominion ; unless, as has sometimes happened, they obtain such success as to render it necessary for the Sultan to patch up a peace till he can find a fit opportunity to break it to advantage, and bring his rebel vassals to the bow-string. In every way, it seems to us that the Mohammedan power is hastening to extinction. In the present war, it is assisting to destroy itself,

AMERICA. COLOMBIA.-The new constitution formed for this great republick, by the Conven. tion which lately met for the purpose, has been adopted and sworn to, in several places, and there seems to be a prospect of its going into successful operation. The best indication is, that all parties seem to be satisfied that fighting does them no good but a great deal of injury, and that, after all, it can only be by negotiation and mutual concession that their differences can be settled, and the prosperity of the country promoted.

Mexico.-The civil war in Mexico continues; but does not appear to be very sanguinary. If the last accounts are to be credited, the party of General Santa Anna, who is opposed to the existing government, was gaining ground—both in military force and in the popular sentiment. But it is extremely difficult to obtain a correct statement of facts. Among the other states in the southern portion of our continent, we observe nothing to note since the publication of our last number.

UNITED STATES.—There seems reason to fear that our border warfare will be extended to Dearly the whole of our south-western frontier. The Indians of various tribes are dissatisfied, and hostilely inclined; and although some of them, finding that they must take a side, have joined the United States' troops, it seems to have been done with reluctance. It appears that Black Hawk, the distinguished Indian chief and warrior, has determined to make a stand and risk a battle, in a very advantageous position which he has selected, at or near the Four Lakes, at the head sources of Rock river. His force is said to be from one to two thousand warriors. General Atkinson was making arrangements to attack him. Our frontier settlements, bordering on Illinois, are again returning to quiet.

Congress have at length passed the Tariff and Bank Bills—the former much modified. It remains to be seen whether the President will give them his signature or his veto.

The cholera has not only spread widely in the British Province of Canada; but has extended to Albany and New York. We also hear of its incipient location in various other towns of the United States. What degree of credit ought to be attached to many of the reports which are flying we are unable to decide. But we have long been persuaded that first or last, with more or with less of violence and malignity, it will pervade our whole continent. In the city where we write, after more delay than was desirable, a day of humiliation, fasting, and prayer, has been recommended for observance by a large and respectable meeting of ministers of the gospel, and other Christians, of various denominations, convened for the purpose on the 7th inst. The day designated is Thursday, the 19th of the present month.

We are much gratified to find that both Houses of Congress, by a large majority, have adopted the following resolution—"Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That a joint committee of both Houses wait on the President of the United States, and request that he recommend a day, to be designated by him, of publick humiliation, prayer, and fasting, to be observed by the people of the United States, with religious solemnity, and with fervent supplications to Almighty God, that He will be graciously pleased to continue His blessings upon our country, and that He will avert from it'the Asiatic scourge which has reached our borders, or if, in the dispensations of His Providence we are not to be exempted from the calamity, that, through His bountiful mercy, its severity may be mitigated, and its duration shortened."

This resolution was moved in the Senate by Mr. Clay; and we wish that our space would permit us to give the whole of the speech which he delivered on the occasionits conclusion was as follows:-" I should have hesitated to present this resolution, said Mr. C. if it had been unsanctioned by precedent. But, during the late war, a similar resolution was adopted by Congress, at the instance of a member of the House of Representatives from Virginia; and President Madison issued his recommendation accordingly. It is far from my purpose to excite unnecessary alarm. All dangers appear most formidable at a distance. Even the greatest of all terrors, when the awful moment arrives, with a mind fortified by philosophical reflection, and still more if it be strengthened by religious hope and belief, is less appalling than it seemed when far off. single word, Mr. President, as to myself. I am a member of no religious sect. I am not a professor of religion. I regret that I am not. I wish that I was, and I trust that I shall be. But I have, and always have had, a profound respect for christianity, the religion of my fathers, and for its rites, its usages, and its observances. Among these, that which is proposed in the resolution before you, has always commanded the respect of the good and devout. And I hope it will obtain the concurrence of the Senate.”

We must add the short speech of Mr. Frelinghuysen in support of this resolution.“Mr. Frelinghuysen said he inferred from the call yeas and nays, that this resolution would be opposed, and he therefore desired again to refer the Senate to the precedent of 1814. The resolution at that time was induced by the state of war into which the country had been plunged with Great Britain, and was offered by Mr Clopton, of Virginia. The preamble, which he read, laid it down as the duty of Congress to adopt measures of this character in times of calamity and of war.'. The proposition had passed the Senate without any opposition. If in time of war it was the duty of the people to ask the special protection of God, and to supplicate the interposition of his mercy, how much more incumbent was it in reference to a scourge which had in its progress swept many millions of human beings into eternity, which went abroad on the earth as the agent and minister of God, to do his errand, and to come and go at his bidding, and over which human power had no influence. No occasion could be so fit and appropriate for humiliation as this. He hoped that no constitutional objeclion would be interposed to check this resolution, which was nothing more than a recommendation. It was our duty devoutly, and in the conviction of our entire dependence on God, to ask for the interference of his mercy; and he hoped that the present resolution would pass, as did the resolution of 1814.”

As both Houses of Congress have concurred in this resolution, we think the President will not refuse to recommend a day, for the solemn purpose which the resolution contemplates.




OCTOBER, 1832.

Heligious Communications.



LECTURES ON THE SHORTER CATE- nificative of their being cleansed

CHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS- from their former idolatrous polSEMBLY OF DIVINES-ADDRESSED lutions. The forerunner of our

blessed Lord was called the Baptist, or Baptizer,* because it was

a part of his commission to adWe now resume the considera- minister the baptism of repentance tion of the answer to the 94th for sin, to those who received his question of our Catechism, name- doctrine and professed to be waitly, “Baptism is a sacrament where- ing for the


of the in the washing with water in the Messiah. name of the Father, and of the When our Lord therefore, after Son, and of the Holy Ghost, doth his resurrection and immediately signify and seal our engrafting before his ascension into heaven, into Christ, and partaking of the commissioned his apostles, and benefits of the covenant of grace, through them the ministers of the and our engagement to be the gospel “to the end of the world," Lord's.”

to administer baptism to believers In appointing baptism to be the of “all nations"—for till now it introductory ordinance of the visi- had been confined to the Jews, ble Christian church, our Lord he needed only to declare the nawisely adopted a rite, with the ture and design of the institution, formal part of which the primi- since the mode of its administive Jewish believers were already tration was already fully known. familiar. The Mosaick dispensa- Theologians have been divided, tion itself abounded in ceremonial as to the proper answer to the purifications, by the application of inquiry, whether John's baptism water; to which, indeed, unau- was the same as Christian bapthorized tradition had made bur- tism; that is, the same as that densome additions, that our Sa- which our Lord commanded his viour disregarded and condemned. disciples to administer, after his It appears, moreover, that when resurrection. In the beginning of gentile proselytes were received the nineteenth chapter of the Acts into the Jewish church, they were of the Apostles, we have this renot only circumcised, but washed cord or baptized with water—the former by divine direction, the latter BATTISTUS—"A title from John's office, without it; yet, as strikingly sig- not a proper name."-Campbell. Ch. Adv.-Vol. X.

3 H



“1 And it came to pass, that also say, with Dr. Doddridge, that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul “I think it evident beyond all dishaving passed through the upper pute, that the baptism of John and coasts, came to Ephesus; and find- of Christ, were in their own naing certain disciples,

ture quite different; and that it is • 2 He said unto them, Have ye plain, in fact, that when persons received the Holy Ghost since were converted to Christianity, they believed? And they said unto him, were baptized of course, without We have not so much as heard inquiring whether they had, or whether there be any Holy Ghost. had not, received the baptism of

63 And he said unto them, Unto John, which we know vast multiwhat then were ye baptized? And tudes did, (Matt. iii. 5, 6.) who prothey said, Unto John's baptism. bably afterwards received Chris

• 4 Then said Paul, John verily tian baptism. Compare Acts ii. baptized with the baptism of re- 38-41; iv, 4; vi. 7." The compentance, saying unto the people, ment of Scott on the 5th and 6th That they should believe on him verses of the above quotation, which should come after him, that seems to me so candid, judicious, is, on Christ Jesus,

and satisfactory, that I shall close “5 When they heard this, they what I have to offer on this point were baptized in the name of the -one which is important though Lord Jesus.

not essential-with quoting it at “6 And when Paul had laid his large. hands upon them, the Holy Ghost “ When, &c.-Several learned came on them; and they spake criticks, of different sentiments with tongues, and prophesied."

concerning baptism, have argued Those who maintain that John's that these are the words [in the baptism and Christian baptism 5th verse,] of Paul, showing the did not differ in any thing mate- disciples, that when John baptized rial, insist that the fifth verse in

those who heard his doctrine, he this quotation, is to be consider- virtually baptized them in the ed as affirming that those who

name of Jesús; and not the words had received Jolin's baptism did, of the historian relating the bapby the mere hearing and believ

tism of these persons, subsequent ing the statement of the Apos

to the apostle's instruction of them. tle Paul, become “baptized in the

Some of those who first contended name of the Lord Jesus.” This for this interpretation, did it out I confess has always appeared of zeal against such as they called to me a forced and unnatural Re-baptizers, lest they should adconstruction of a plain passage

duce this example in support of of sacred Scripture.* I must their practice. But by maintain

ing the baptism of John and the * In the criticism on the original of the baptism of Christ to be entirely sacred text, on which is founded the opi.

the same, they have furnished their nion of Beza, L. Infant, and other learned men, who favour the construction which

opponents with a far more plausiI oppose, much reliance is placed on the ble argument, than that which they correspondence, which they affirm is al- wanted to wrest from them. But, ways observed, between the Greek par- however that may be, I cannot ticles, Mev, in the 4th verse, and de in the 5th verse : this, it is affirmed, proves

think that any impartial man, who satisfactorily, that these two verses are

never heard of these controverto be considered as the continued lan. sies, would, either from reading guage of Paul. But the investigations of Griesback have led him to reject the par- probably is, the main support of Beza's ticle fesy altogether, and to expel it from opinion is at once entirely subverted. the sacred text, as plainly, a spurious ad. Paul's language is confined to the 4th dition. If this be a just decision, as it yerse; in the 5th the historian speaks.

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