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JAN. 1, 1870.
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TENNYSON'S COMPLETE POEMS. Harper's Popular | HAYDN'S DICTIONARY OF DATES, relating to all
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TRUTHS. By LYMAN ABBort, anthor of "Jesus of Nazareth, sheep, $6.
HENRY WADDELL, Professor of Ancient Languages in the CaiBOUND TO JOHN COMPANY; or, The Adventures
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OUR ENGLISH CORRESPONDENCE.
to tlie defendant: “If you did not get these maLONDON, December 1, 1869. terials from the plaintiff, whence did you get them?" The literary public have paid great attention and might fairly be: “I got them from a felt unusual interest in the appeal taken by Mr. | source with him.” But though the injunction Thomas Nicholas against the injunction granted by could not be sustained, it was the defendant's fault Vice-Chancellor James restraining the publication that the plaintiff had been put to a vast amount of of the former's work, “The Pedigree of the English needless labor in making out his case. If the People.” Mr. Luke Owen Pike obtained the injunc- defendant had originally frankly acknowledged his tion upon the ground that this work was a piracy obligations to the plaintiff for putting him on the of his “ English and their Origin ; a Prologue to right track in reference to various points in his Authentic English History.” In a former letter I essay, no one could have blamed him for piracy in gave at length the respective allegations of plain. respect of the points of resemblance. His answer, tiff and defendant. I need, therefore, do po more which denied any debt to the plaintiff, was calcu. to day then report the judgments delivered by lated to mislead him. It was clear to the plaintiff the court. Mr. Nicholas and Mr. Pike both appear that the defendant was indebted to him in the ed in person to urge their several rights.
three cases already referred to, and the plaintiff The Lord Chancellor thought that the divisions was, therefore, properly entitled to regard him as a of the subject which the plaintiff complained had person who was not to be trusted in regard to any been borrowed from his book were sketched out in assertion. The bill would, therefore, be simply the essay submitted for competition by the defen- dismissed withont cost. dant, and that it appeared from the note B. that Lord Justice Giffard said: The plaintiff had nnhe bad at that time arrived at the principle of the dertaken a more formidable course than had ever division. That the defendant bad cited in the been pursued in any previous copyright case, seepublished volume one anthor after another which ing that both he and the defendant started with the plaintiff had previously cited proved nothing, the view of going over one common field, and with for persons treating of the same subject would the object of arriving at one common conclusion. probably cite the same authorities, especially con- Most of the platform divisions had been taken from silering that practically all the same passages were Dr. Pritchard's work, and they were, therefore, to be found in Dr. Pritchard's work to which both both necessarily in the same groove. Accordingly, j.ad had recourse. It was very possible that the de- there would naturally be a use to some extent of fendant might have been led to look more minutely the same materials. I can find only two casesinto Pritchard than lie would have otherwise done namely, the reference to Gildas, and the populatiou in consequence of the plaintiff's exainple, but if of London-in which the defendant bad directly he really did examine Pritchard for himself this taken from the plaintiff. Considering that the dewould not constitute piracy. This, then, would fendant had certainly spent labor on the manadispose of much which had impressed the vice- script and had pursued a certain amount of research, chancellor. In three cases, however, I think the the amount borrowed was not sufficient ground for defendant was indebted directly to the plaintiff. au injunction. On the other hand, there were asOne was a quotation from Retzius, another related sertions in the defendant's answer which were not to the use to be made of the population abstracts ingenuous, and which were even in some respects to show whence the population of London is de- wholly untrue. I am rejoiced that the court is rived, and the third was an argument respecting the able to mark its reprobation of such conduct by not authority of Gildas, These cases of plagiarism, giving the defendant, though successful, his costs. however, were not sufficient to support an injunc. I trust this will be a lesson to the defendant to act tion. On the whole I think the vice-chancellor in future more frankly. had not allowed enough importance to the cir I think this not only an extraordinary, but an cumstance that the defendant and plaintiff had iniquitous decision. Allow me to express such necessarily a common plan and authorities. The an opinion, although no one has respect for answer, therefore, to the vice-chancellor's question the decision of English courts in higher degree
JAX. 15, 1870.
than I have. Recall the gravamen of Mr. Pike's it are three notes of Pennsylvania printed by B. charges against Mr. Nicholas, and which must Franklin. necessarily in the mind of every man familiar with An interesting discovery has been made by Mr. literary composition carry conviction (being unre- T. Wright, while examining the manuscripts of butted) that Mr. Nicholas was guilty of wholesale Archbishop Parker's library in Corpus Christi plagiarism. Mr. Pike charged Mr. Nicholas with College, Cambridge. It is an alphabetical vocabubeing unable to show a single note or memorau- lary in Latin and Anglo-Saxon, written in characdum—the rough materials of his work. Mr. Nicho- ters nearly resembling uncial characters. Mr. las confessed the accusation to be true or at least Wright thinks it was written in the eighth century, did not deny it. Mr. Pike challenged Mr. Nicholas which would make it one of the oldest vocabularies to declare where he had consulted several authori- of the sort in any kindred language. Mr. Joseph ties which he had referred to in his book (authori. Mayer, of Liverpool, has with English generosity ties not to be found in the British Museum). Mr. undertaken to bear the expense of printing early Nicholas could not tell where he had seen the Anglo-Saxon and English vocabularies which Mr. authorities. This long contested case leaves the Wright is preparing for the press. His new disquestion, What constitutes plagiarisın? more unset-covery will appear in this volume. tled than ever, or rather declares there is no such “ Housemaid's knee" (a swelling of the knee thing as plagiarism. You will not be surprised to caused by this class of servants kneeling to scrub hear the book-makers of London are delighted by and perform other domestic duties) is now called the judgment.
by the London surgeons
" ritualistic knee," as a These are the prices fetched by some of the books sly hit at the high churchmen who are always belonging to the late Rev. Dr. Todd's library. O'Con- making genuflections. I mention this, for the nor's Scriptores Hiberniæ brought $180 (he highest benefit of your lexicographers and medical stuprice ever paid for the work in Dublin); Fleming's dents. Collectanea Sacra, $300 (the highest price this work I find this advertisement in the newspapers: “A
ever fetched anywhere); Ware's Works new church for freethinkers, poets, and men of (doubled in volume of Dr. Todd's notes) $2250 letters. Address Hon. Sec., 481 Oxford St., oppo(purchased hy the Dublin University); the Ritual site Mudie's. The Society's Periodicals, with Prosof St. Patrick's Cathedral dated 1352, $367; the pectuses, may be had, price 6d.” Book of Lismore, $217; the Book of Clonmacnoise, The “ Athenæum" asks what has become of the $157. Dr. Todd had most of his manuscript copied edition of Lord Byron's "Hours of Idleness" which by thorough Celtic scholars from unique manu- belonged to his mother. It seems she had the book scripts in the great libraries of England, Belgium, interleaved with pages on which she pasted all the and Ireland.
criticisms made upon the poems, and with blauk Messrs. Blackwood & Sons are preparing for leaves on which she wrote her own remarks (which publication in monthly volumes “Ancient Classics are said to have been very clever) on the author, for English Readers,” edited by the Rev. W. Lucas the poems, and the reviewers. The " Athenæum" Collins. I do not quite comprehend the method might have added another inquiry, just made, I bewhich is to be pursued by the editor ; as well as Ilieve, by Charles Butler, and which is now as imcan gather his plan is to present a translation with portant as ever, since a new inquiry is instituted notes explaining every allusion of the author. I into the anthorship of Junius. Junius ordered slionld think such a series of works at the present Woodfall to send him two copies of his letters time doomed before birth to failure. Mr. Lawrence printed on excellent paper and bound as he diB Phillips is at work on a Dictionary of Biogra- rected. Where are these two copies? Their hisphical Reference, which will contain some 40,000 tory would reveal the authorship of Junius. Dames; the most valuable portion of it will be a I think this correspondence conveys a moral bibliography at the end of each article indicating which entitles it to a place in these columns :the works which contain the life of the subjects. “Sir.-A tidy little book, recently published by Garibaldi's “ Rome in the XIX. Century" has been Messrs. Cassell & Co., bears upon its cover iu promitranslated into English by“Mrs. Colonel Chambers, nent gilt letters the title "Tyndall's Natural Philoan American lady,” and is now in press.
sophy,' and I am informed that an ably conductHard work in behalf of ladies over 17 is done by ed scientific journal, under the impression that the professors of the Ladies' Physical and Chemi- the book is a product of this year of grace 1869, cal Lecture-rooms of University College and the has congratulated the Messrs. Cassell on the wisLondon Ladies' Educational Association at St. dom they have shown in selecting its author. The George's Hall. The novelty of these lectures is impression just referred to is general, and it is natuthat the professors receive, revise, and return all ral, for neither upon the cover nor upon the titlecompositions submitted to them by their pupils, page is there a word or date to inform the public and answer all written inquiries (provided they that the book, so far as I am related to it, is a retreat of the subject studied) addressed them. It print of some short articles written fourteen or may be interesting to mention that chemistry fifteen years ago for • Hughes's Book of Lessons,' (which is such a favorite study with boys and and published in that book side by side with conyoung men) lias enlisted so few votaries, the pro- tributions from various other scientific inen. fessor has abandoned the system of lectures and the words ' as far as I am related to it,' because the made the class a laboratory class, in which the essays on Light' and on. Heat and Chemical Powstudents learn chemistry practically. Has cooking er,' with which the volume ends, are not mine, fallen into such a disrepute that modern ladies no though I am at the present moment reaping unmeritlonger feel their mothers' love for it? This omen, ed credit for them. They are from the pen of Mr. if it be read aright, bodes ill for husbands' happi- Robert Hunt, and bear in a very subdued form their
author's name. It is by no means my wish to inThe American Bank Note Company have given jure the sale of this little volume, which I hold to the British Museum a collection of specimens illus- be cheap at its price ; but it is right that the pubtrating the art of bank-note engraving in the lic who purchase it should know its real genesis, United States. The large volume which contains and that the articles here bound together, and the collection exhibits bank-notes, or perhaps I which I tried to render good in their way, could should rather say bills of credit, as old as 1756. In I never stand, and were never intended to stand, as