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NEW

GRAMMAR

OF

FRENCH GRAMMARS,

COMPRISING

THE SUBSTANCE OF ALL THE MOST APPROVED
FRENCH GRAMMARS EXTANT,

BUT MORE ESPECIALLY OF THE

STANDARD WORK "LA GRAMMAIRE DES GRAMMAIRES,"

SANCTIONED BY THE FRENCH ACADEMY AND THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS.

WITH

NUMEROUS EXERCISES AND EXAMPLES, ILLUSTRATIVE
OF EVERY RULE.

For the Use of Schools and Private Students.

BY M. DE FIVAS.

NEW EDITION, REVISED AND CORRECTED

WITH THE ADDITION OF

A COLLECTION OF FRENCH IDIOMS

SELECTED BY

M. ALBERT ROCHE.

STINA

303.

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LONDON:

ALLMAN & SON, 67, NEW OXFORD STREET.

1882.

856.

g.

BY VARIOUS AUTHORS.

Tith Explanatory Notes of difficult Edioms

BY

M. EMILE ROCHE,

PROFESSOR OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE.

PRICE ONE SHILLING EACH.

1. Marguerite; ou, La robe perdue. Drame moral en un acte mêlé de couplets,

2. Les Ricochets. Comédie en un acte, imitée de Picard avec couplets.

3. Les Demoiselles d'Honneur; ou, Le lutin du soir. Vaudeville en un acte.

4. Les Demoiselles de Saint Cyr. Petit drame moral en un acte.

5. Un Rêve. Petit drame avec prologue et épilogue.

6. Une Place à la Cour. Comédie en un acte avec couplets.

LONDON:

ALLMAN & SON, 67, NEW OXFORD STREET, W.C.

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The figures 1, 2, 3, etc., point out the order of the French construction when it differs from the English.

* The asterisk, or little star, denotes that the word under which it is placed, is not to be expressed in French.

The line placed under an English word indicates that it is the same in French.

() When several English words are included within a parenthesis, they must be translated by the words placed under.

The English words printed in italics, are those to which the rules prefixed must be applied.

The substantives are generally given in the singular, the adjectives in the masculine singular, and the verbs in the present of the infinitive, the student being expected to put them in their proper number, gender, tense, and person.

N.B. The student should make himself well acquainted with the use of the Apostrophe, page 3-with the Contraction of the article, page 8and, with the General Rule for the place of personal pronouns, page 228. The knowledge of these points will greatly facilitate his studies.

NEW GRAMMAR

OF

FRENCH GRAMMARS.

Bien parler annonce la bonne éducation ;
Bien écrire annonce de l'esprit.

INTRODUCTION.

GRAMMAR is the art which teaches to speak and write a language correctly.

To speak and to write, we make use of words.

Words are composed of one or more syllables; and syllables are composed of one or more letters.

The French Alphabet contains twenty-five letters, namely:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M

NOPQRSTU V X Y Z.

Letters are divided into vowels and consonants. There are five vowels, A, E, I, O, U; the Y is a Greek letter, which sometimes supplies the place of one i, and sometimes of two: all the other letters are consonants.

The French make use of the W only in words borrowed from other languages.

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