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AN

ELEMENTARY

FRENCH GRAMMAR.

FOR

OOLLEGES, HIGH SOHOOLS, AND ACADEMIES.

BY

PROF. JEAN GUSTAVE KEETELS,
AUTHOR OF “ANALYTICAL AND PRACTICAL FRENCH GRAMMAR,"
COURSE,' AN ANALYTICAL FRENCH READER,” A CHILD'S FIRST

BOOK IN FRENCH."

A COLLEGIATE FRENCH

NEW EDITION,

EDITED BY

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PROF. HIPPOLYTE DAL MON,

UNITED STATES Naval ACADEMY, ANNAPOLIS, MD.

NEW YORK

CHARLES E. MERRILL CO.

UNIVERSITY
LIBRARY

Prof. Keetels' French Series.

1. A Child's Illustrated First Book in French. 168 pages, 12mo, handsomely bound in cloth.

The aim of this book is to make the Study of the French language attractive and interesting to children, who have no knowledge of the English grammar. The object-lesson plan has been adopted. For this purpose the volume is handsomely illustrated by engravings especially prepared for the book.

2. An Elementary French Grammar. For High Schools and Academies. 340 pages, 12mo.

This work is designed for students of the academic and collegiate departments. Its purpose is to train them in the principles of French grammar, and to accustom them by oral instruction to the use of the French language.

3. An Analytical and Practical French Grammar, 524 pages, 12mo.

This book, containing the advantage of the oral and the analytical method of instruction, comprises all that is necessary to teach the French language successfully, both theoretically and practically. It is a complete grammar, in which the principles of the language are developed in a logical and efficient manner.

4. A Collegiate Course in the French Language, comprising a complete Grammar, with Rules on Gender: Reading Lessons and Exercises for Translation ; a Treatise on French Pronunciation ; a Key to the Principal French Idioms; the Latin Elements, common to both the French and English; the whole being a compilation of the principles of the French Language, arranged and prepared for the study of French, in Colleges and Collegiate Institutions. 549 pages, 12mo. Cloth.

5. An Analytical French Reader: with English Exercises for Translation and Oral Exercises for Practice in Speaking ; Questions on Grammar, with References to the Author's several Grammars. Notes and Vocabulary. In Two Parts. ParT FIRST: Selections of Fables, Anecdotes, and Short Stories. PART SECOND: Selections from the best Modern Writers. 320 pages, 12mo.

A KEY TO THE ENGLISH EXERCISES IN THE ANALYTICAL AND PRACTICAL FRENCH GRAMMAR. (For teachers only.) 12mo. Cloth. 75 cents.

A KEY TO THE ENGLISH EXERCISES IN THE COLLEGIATE COURSE. (For teachers only.) Price, 75 cents. Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by MASON, BAKER & PRATT, in the

Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington,
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by ALBERT Mason, in the Office of the

Librarian of Congress, at Washington.
Copyright, 1881. 1884. CLARK & MAYNARD.

PREFACE.

THIS 'HIS Elementary French Grammar is designed for stu.

dents, who begin the study of French. Each part of speech is treated separately, and every subject is at once completed as far as the scope of the work permits. The rules and explanations are stated in simple language, wbich is believed to be within the comprehension of the youthful mind. The exercises are short, lively, and varied. To compose suitable sentences for practice, elements have been introduced which are outside of the order of development. These are given in the vocabularies, systematically arranged in order to engage the interest of the student, and with an occasional explanation when the subject absolutely requires it. The author has been careful, however, not to infringe the regular order of development, and to keep the subject-matter prominently before the mind, so as to leave an indelible impression.

Great attention has been bestowed on the treatment of the pronouns and verbs; the irregular verbs have been given in full, with copious e rercises for practice.

The rules in Syntax are onfined to elementary principles, in accordance with the plan of the work, which is intended as introductory to the author's Analytical and Practical French Grammar or Collegiate French Course. Students wbo have inished the present course, will be well prepared to take up either of the larger works, in which they will go over much of the same ground, but with the additional interest of the Oral Exercises. They will be enabled to advance rapidly, to understand more clearly the facts that come before them; and, in pursuing the course to its conclusion, will attain their aim: read, write, and speak the French language.

PUBLISHERS' NOTE.

The demand for this work has been so great that in the printing of many successive editions the plates had become badly worn.

New electrotype plates having become necessary, the publishers have deemed it proper to have the book carefully read, and such improvements made as suggested themselves to the editor.

The author of the work having died some years since, his friend Professor H. Dalmon of the United States Naval Academy undertook this work of revision, and has performed it with great care, so that it is believed that it is as nearly free from typographical errors as possible. No radical changes in the matter or form have been made, and the new edition can be used in the same classes with the old without the slightest difficulty.

The numerous teachers who have heretofore used the book with such satisfaction, will, we are confident, be glad to see it in this new and improved type.

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